hebrew
1)

What was the source of Rachel's jealousy of her sister Le'ah?

1.

Rashi: She was jealous of her good deeds. Had her sister not been more righteous than her, she would not have merited children.

2.

Tosfos ha'Shalem (1) #1: The words of her sister "my husband will accompany me" aroused her jealousy.

3.

Tosfos ha'Shalem (1) #2, from Bereishis Rabah 71:6: she thought, because Leah married Yakov first, she merited children - and this was because I gave to her the Simanim!

2)

Did Rachel 'blame' Ya'akov for her inability to have children?

1.

Rashi and Targum Yonasan: Yes. She claimed that he ought to have Davened for her 1 (in the same way as his father Davened for his mother [Rashi]). 2


1

Ramban rejects this. If so, why was Yakov angry? And why should he not pray for her, even if he has children, she is no worse than a stranger!

2

See beginning of Toldos.

3)

What do we learn from Rachel's statement "v'Im Ayin Mesah Anochi"?

1.

Rashi and Seforno: We learn that someone who has no children 1 is considered dead. 2

2.

Ramban: What she meant was that, if Hashem does not give her children, she will die out of distress (in the way that women tend to exaggerate their pain).

3.

Tosfos ha'Shalem (1) #1: For whom will I long and get delight from?!

4.

Tosfos ha'Shalem (1) #2: Who will mention me after my death?

5.

Tosfos ha'Shalem (#2): Due to these words, she died when giving birth to Binyamin. 3


1

As implied in Yeshayah, 56:3:

2

Tosfos ha'Shalem (6) supports this from Chanah's words "Hashem Memis u'Mechayeh" - He gave to me children, and revived me.

3

The curse of a Chacham is fulfilled, even if it was conditional and the Tenai was not fulfilled (Makos 11a). Perhaps this is why she died at the first moment that she was not destined to bear more children (PF).

4)

רש"י: קנאה במעשיה הטובים. מנין שהיא קנאה במעשיה הטובים?

1.

גור אריה: חלילה שצדקת כרחל תקנא [סתם], אלא קנאה במעשיה הטובים.

5)

רש"י: וכי כך עשה אביך לאמך, והלא התפלל עליה. מנין שבקשה שיתפלל?

1.

גור אריה: אין לו דרך אחרת לתת לה בנים.

6)

רש"י: מכאן למי שאין לו בנים שחשוב כמת: למה העני חשוב כמת?

1.

גור אריה: החיים אין להם הפסק (כמו "באר מים חיים"- שהוא נובע תמיד) ומי שאין לו בנים, יש לו הפסק, ולכן הוא נחשב כמת.

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