hebrew
1)

Why was Avimelech Chayav Misah? He had not been warned!

1.

Chizkuni (citing Midrash Rabah): From here we see that a ben No'ach does not require warning.

2.

Or ha'Chayim: Hashem was warning Avimelech that he would be Chayav Misah if he retained Sarah. 1

3.

Seforno: This is not referring to the death-sentence, but to the blocking of all orifices, which had already begun and which would result in death, unless Avimelech returned Sarah and Avraham Davened on his behalf, as the Pasuk goes on to explain.

4.

Makos 9b: A Nochri is Chayav Misah for not having learned that when visitors come, we ask about food for them, and not about their women. 2


1

In that case, Avimelech's statement "Will You kill a righteous nation?" (in the following Pasuk) is difficult to understand (See Or ha'Chayam there).

2

Lev Eliyahu (Shmos p.202): Even without Torah, everyone is accountable to conduct with Derech Eretz, i.e. good Midos, even a Nochri!

2)

Why was Avimelech Chayav Misah? He had not been warned?

1.

Chizkuni (citing Midrash Rabah): From here we see that a ben No'ach does not require warning.

2.

Or ha'Chayim: Hashem was warning Avimelech that he would be Chayav Misah if he retained Sarah. 1

3.

Seforno: This is not referring to the death-sentence, but to the blocking of all orifices, which had already begun and which would result in death, unless Avimelech returned Sarah and Avraham Davened on his behalf, as the Pasuk goes on to explain.

4.

Makos 9b: A Nochri is Chayav Misah for not having learned that when visitors come, we ask about food for them, and not about their women. 2


1

In that case, Avimelech's statement "Will You kill a righteous nation?" (in the following Pasuk) is difficult to understand (See Or ha'Chayam there).

2

Lev Eliyahu (Shmos p.202): Even without Torah, everyone is accountable to conduct with Derech Eretz, i.e. good Midos, even a Nochri!

3)

Why was Avimelech punished less than Paro?

1.

Moshav Zekenim (Bereishis 12:17): Initially Paro was Shogeg, but later he was Mezid after Hashem told him that she is Avraham's wife.

2.

Riva: Also Avimelech was stricken; all openings were closed. There is no source to say that Paro was stricken more.

4)

Why did Hashem warn Avimelech before punishing him, unlike Paro?

1.

Moshav Zekenim: Hashem knew that he was a Tzadik and he would heed the warning. Paro would not; had Hashem not made him a Tumtum, he might have blemished Sarah. Also, Avimelech took her honorably, through nobles, and in the way of marriage - "va'Yishlach... va'Yikach." Paro did not, for he already had a wife.

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