PAST CYCLE DEDICATION

BERACHOS 60 (20 Nisan) - Today's Daf has been sponsored by Martin Fogel of Carlsbad, California, in memory of his father, Yaakov ben Shlomo Fogel, on the day of his Yahrzeit.

1)

(a)Querying the second Lashon, we cite a Beraisa, which discusses a Machlokes between Rebbi Meir and Rebbi Yehudah regarding the current issue. What distinction does Rebbi Meir draw between someone who purchases a house or clothes when they are not similar to the one/s that he already owns and when they are?

(b)What does Rebbi Yehudah say?

(c)How does the first Lashon conform completely with the Beraisa?

(d)Like which Tana does Rav Huna in the second Lashon hold?

1)

(a)Querying the second Lashon, we cite a Beraisa, which discusses a Machlokes between Rebbi Meir and Rebbi Yehudah regarding the current issue. Rebbi Meir rules - that someone who purchases a house or clothes that are not similar to the one/s that he already owns recites 'Shehechiyanu, but not when they are.

(b)According to Rebbi Yehudah - either way one recites 'Shehechiyanu'.

(c)The first Lashon conforms completely with the Beraisa in that - Rev Huna holds like Rebbi Meir, and Rebbi Yochanan, like Rebbi Yehudah.

(d)Rav Huna in the second Lashon holds like - Rebbi Yehudah.

2)

(a)What is then the problem with Rebbi Yochanan in the second Lashon?

(b)To answer the Kashya, how do we explain Rebbi Yehudah ('Kanah ve'Yesh lo Nami Tzarich Levarech')?

(c)Then why do they argue by 'Yesh lo ve'Kanah' and not by 'Kanah ve'Chazar ve'Kanah'?

(d)Based on which principle do they rather argue there than over a case where he purchased twice in order to teach us that even there, Rebbi Yehudah requires a B'rachah?

(e)Which Heter is this referring to?

2)

(a)The problem with Rebbi Yochanan in the second Lashon is - that he seems to hold like neither.

(b)To answer the Kashya, we explain - that Rebbi Yehudah says 'Kanah ve'Yesh lo ... ', but he holds that 'Kanah ve'Chazar ve'Kanah' also needs to recite 'Shehechiyanu'.

(c)And the reason that they argue by 'Yesh lo ve'Kanah' and not by 'Kanah ve'Chazar ve'Kanah' is - to teach us that even there, Rebbi Meir holds that he is Patur from a B'rachah.

(d)They argue there rather than by 'Kanah ve'Chazar ve'Kanah' to teach us that even there, Rebbi Yehudah requires a B'rachah - on account of the principle 'Ko'ach de'Heteira Adif' ...

(e)... with reference to the Heter of not reciting a B'rachah over the house or the clothes.

3)

(a)Our Mishnah requires a B'rachah over 'bad that resembles good' and over 'good that resembles bad'. What is an example of ...

1. ... 'bad that resembles good'?

2. ... 'good that resembles bad'?

(b)Rav Yosef queries our Mishnah, which declares a Tefilah that one's wife gives birth to a boy futile from the Pasuk "va'Achar Yaldah Bas, Vatikra es Sh'mah Dinah".

(c)About whom is the Pasuk speaking?

(d)What results did Le'ah's Tefilah produce?

(e)What is now the problem?

3)

(a)Our Mishnah requires a B'rachah over 'bad that resembles good' and over 'good that resembles bad'. An example of ...

1. ... 'bad that resembles good' is - if the dam in one's beaks down and his field is swamped. This is bad since it destroys this year's crops, even though the excess mud will fertilize the field, preparing it for next year's harvest.

2. ... 'good that resembles bad' - if one finds a lost article (that has no identification marks) which one is permitted to keep, even though, if the king gets to know about it, he will confiscate it.

(b)Rav Yosef queries our Mishnah, which declares a Tefilah that one's wife gives birth to a boy futile from the Pasuk "va'Achar Yaldah Bas, Vatikra es Sh'mah Dinah". The Pasuk is speaking about - Le'ah.

(c)Rav explains the word "ve'Achar" (in conjunction with the name 'Dinah') - to mean that Le'ah Davened on behalf of her sister Rachel, that if she would give birth to a boy, then (since Ya'akov already had ten sons), Rachel, who had not yet born any children, would not even be on a par with the two maidservants, each of whom had two sons.

(d)Le'ah's Tefilah resulted - in he son she was expecting turning into a girl ...

(e)... and if Tefilah can help for Le'ah - why can it not help for anybody else?

4)

(a)One answer is that one cannot ask from miracles. What is the other?

(b)This latter answer is based on a Beraisa, which advises one to Daven five different Tefilos during the course of the pregnancy. What should one Daven for during ...

1. ... the first three days?

2. ... from three days till forty?

(c)If between forty days and three months one Davens that the baby should not become a 'Sandal' (flattened), what should one Daven between ...

1. ... three and six months?

2. ... six and nine months?

4)

(a)One answer is that one cannot ask from miracles; the other - that Le'ah Davened during the first three months, whereas our Mishnah is speaking after three months.

(b)This latter answer is based on a Beraisa, which advises one to Daven five different Tefilos during the course of the pregnancy. One should Daven for during ...

1. ... the first three days - that the Zera should not become putrid.

2. ... from three days till forty - that the baby should be a boy.

(c)Between forty days and three months one Davens that the baby should not become a 'Sandal' (flattened), between ...

1. ... three and six months - that it should not emerge a stillborn.

2. ... six and nine months - that the birth should go well.

5)

(a)We query the Tana's advice to Daven from three days till forty that the baby should be a boy from a statement of Rebbi Yitzchak b'rei de'Rav Ami. Based on the Pasuk in Tazri'a "Ishah ki Sazri'a ve'Yaldah Zachar" what will be the gender of the baby assuming that it is ...

1. ... the man who is 'Mazri'a' first?

2. ... the woman who is 'Mazri'a' first?

(b)What is now the problem?

(c)To solve the problem, how do we establish the Beraisa?

5)

(a)We query the Tana's advice to Daven from three days till forty that the baby should be a boy from a statement of Rebbi Yitzchak b'rei de'Rav Ami. Based on the Pasuk in Tazri'a "Ishah ki Sazri'a ve'Yaldah Zachar", the baby, assuming that it is ...

1. ... the man who is 'Mazri'a' first, will be - a girl.

2. ... the woman who is 'Mazri'a' first, will be - a boy.

(b)The problem is - that, seeing as the gender of the baby is determined by who is Mazri'a first, how can Tefilah help? Why is it not a Tefilas Shav?

(c)To solve the problem, we confine the Beraisa - to a case where they were both Mazri'a simultaneously.

6)

(a)The Beraisa cites Hillel ha'Zakein, who once heard a scream as he re-entered his hometown after a journey out of town. What did he declare, based on the Pasuk in Tehilim "mi'Shemu'ah Ra'ah Lo Yiyra"?

(b)How does the Pasuk end?

(c)Rava states that one can Darshen the Pasuk whichever way one wishes. How can one Darshen it from the ..

1. ... Seifa to the Reisha?

2. ... Reisha to the Seifa?

6)

(a)The Beraisa cites Hillel ha'Zakein, who once heard a scream as he re-entered his hometown after a journey out of town. Based on the Pasuk in Tehilim "mi'Shemu'ah Ra'ah Lo Yiyra", he declared - that for sure, the scream did not come from his house.

(b)The Pasuk ends - "Nachon Libo Batu'ach ba'Hashem".

(c)Rava One can Darshen it from the ..

1. ... Reisha to the Seifa by explaining it to mean - that 'A person will not be afraid of bad news - because - he trusts implicitly in Hashem'.

2. ... Seifa to the Reisha by explaining - that 'Someone who trusts implicitly in Hash-m will not be afraid of bad news'.

7)

(a)Where was Rebbi Yishmael b'Rebbi Yossi walking when he noticed that a certain Talmid who was accompanying him was afraid?

(b)What did he comment, based on the Pasuk in Yeshayah "Pachdu be'Tziyon Chata'im ... "?

(c)What did he reply when the Talmid cited him the Pasuk in Mishlei "Ashrei Adam Mefached Tamid"?

(d)What did Rav Hamnuna say to Rav Yehudah bar Nasan (based on the Pasuk in Iyov "Ki Pachad Pachadti ve'Ye'esayeini, va'asher Yagorti Yavo li") who was walking behind him, when the latter sighed?

7)

(a)When Rebbi Yishmael b'Rebbi Yossi noticed that a certain Talmid who was accompanying him was afraid, he was walking - in the market-place of Tziyon.

(b)Based on the Pasuk in Yeshayah "Pachdu be'Tziyon Chata'im ... ", he commented - that the Talmid must be a sinner.

(c)And when the Talmid cited him the Pasuk in Mishlei "Ashrei Adam Mefached Tamid", he replied - that this Pasuk refers to someone who is afraid that he will forget the Torah that he has learned and who therefore revises his learning constantly.

(d)Rav Hamnuna told Yehudah bar Nasan that sighing out of fear brings on afflictions (as we learnt above, that sighing breaks the body).

8)

(a)Based on ben Azai in our Mishnah (who requires two Tefilos upon entering a city and two upon leaving), if a person who is about to ...

1. ... enter the city says 'Y'hi Ratzon mi'Lefanecha Hash-m Elokai she'Tachniseini li'K'erach Zeh le'Shalom', what does he say once he has entered it safely?

2. ... leave the city says 'Y'hi Ratzon mi'Lefanecha Hash-m Elokai v'Elokei Avosai she'Totzi'eni mi'Kerach zeh le'Shalom', what does he say once he has left it safely?

(b)According to Rav Masna, the above is confined to a city where they kill a person without judging him fairly. Why, if they do, are the above Tefilos not necessary?

(c)According to the second Lashon, either way, one must recite the Tefilos. Why is that?

8)

(a)Based on ben Azai in our Mishnah (who requires two Tefilos upon entering a city and two upon leaving), a person who is about to ...

1. ... enter the city says 'Y'hi Ratzon mi'Lefanecha Hash-m Elokai she'Tachniseini li'K'erach Zeh le'Shalom' and - 'Modeh Ani Lefanecha Hash-m Elokai she'Hichnastani li'Kerach zeh le'Shalom', once he has entered it safely.

2. ... leave the city says 'Y'hi Ratzon mi'Lefanecha Hash-m Elokai v'Elokei Avosai she'Totzi'eni mi'Kerach zeh le'Shalom' and - 'Modeh Ani Lefanecha Hash-m Elokai she'Hotzeisani mi'Kerach zeh le'Shalom, u'che'Shem she'Hotzeisani le'Shalom kein Tolicheini le'Shalom ve'Sism'cheini le'Shalom (and continues along the lines of Tefilas ha'Derech) once he has left it safely.

(b)According to Rav Masna, the above is confined to a city where they kill a person without judging him fairly. If they do, the above Tefilos not necessary - since all he needs to do is to avoid doing anything wrong, and if he did already, he should enter the town.

(c)According to the second Lashon, either way, one must recite the Tefilos - in case he will not be able to find anyone to defend him should he be wrongly accused.

9)

(a)The Beraisa presents a somewhat similar Tefilah that one recites upon entering a bathhouse and upon leaving it safely. What objection does Abaye raise to the addition 've'Im Ye'era bi Takalah ve'Avon T'hei Misasi Kaparah le'Chol Avonosai!'?

(b)This is based on a statement of Resh Lakish and the Tana quoting Rebbi Yossi. How did Rav Yosef learn it from Pesukim in Yeshayah? What does the Pasuk in Yeshayah say?

(c)According to Rav Acha, what does one say upon leaving the bathhouse without mishap?

9)

(a)The Beraisa presents a somewhat similar Tefilah that one recites upon entering a bathhouse and upon leaving it safely. Abaye objects to the addition 've'Im Ye'era bi Takalah ve'Avon T'hei Misasi Kaparah le'Chol Avonosai!' - due to the principle not to open one's mouth to the Satan.

(b)This is based on a statement of Resh Lakish and the Tana quoting Rebbi Yossi, which Rav Yosef learnt from Pesukim in Yeshayah - where, the Navi, taking his cue from Yisrael, who compared themselves to S'dom and Amorah, did likewise.

(c)According to Rav Acha, upon leaving the bathhouse without mishap, one thanks Hash-m for saving him from the fire.

10)

(a)What happened once to Rebbi Avahu whilst he was bathing in the bathhouse?

(b)How was he miraculously saved?

10)

(a)Rebbi Avahu was once bathing in the bathhouse - when the floor (underneath which was the deep pit into which the water was emptied) collapsed.

(b)He was miraculously saved - when he found himself standing on top of one of the pillars that had held up the floor.

11)

(a)How many people did Rebbi Avahu manage to save at the same time?

(b)How did he do it?

(c)What do we mean when we conclude 'Haynu de'Rav Acha'?

11)

(a)How many people did he managed to save - a hundred and one people at the same time ...

(b)... by holding on to one or two people with his free arm, and the long chain of people held on to one another.

(c)When we conclude 'Haynu de'Rav Acha' - we are referring to the prayer of thanks that Rav Acha just said one must recite upon leaving the bathhouse without mishap.

12)

(a)On what occasion does the Tana require a person to say 'Y'hi Ratzon ... she'Yehei Eisek Zeh li li'Refu'ah'?

(b)How does the Tefilah end (See Hagahos ha'G'ra)?

12)

(a)The Tana requires a person to say 'Y'hi Ratzon ... she'Yehei Eisek Zeh li li'Refu'ah' - upon entering for a session of Hakazas ha'Dam (blood-letting).

(b)The Tefilah ends - 'ki Rofei Chinam Atah'.

13)

(a)If one 'ought not to indulge in cures', then why do we?

(b)What does Abaye comment on the previous statement, based on a statement of Tana de'Bei Rebbi Yishmael?

(c)What does Tana de'Bei Rebbi Yishmael learn from the Pasuk in Mishpatim "ve'Rapo Yerapei"?

(d)What should one say when one gets up from a session of Hakazas ha'Dam?

13)

(a)Although one 'ought not to indulge in cures', we nevertheless do - because it has become customary to do so.

(b)Abaye comments - that one should not make the previous statement, based on a statement of Tana de'Bei Rebbi Yishmael ...

(c)... who learns learn from the Pasuk in Mishpatim "ve'Rapo Yerapei" - that a doctor has permission to heal.

(d)When one gets up from a session of Hakazas ha'Dam, one should say - 'Baruch Rofei Chinam (or Cholim)'.

60b----------------------------------------60b

14)

(a)On what occasion does the Beraisa require one to say 'Hiskabdu Mechubadim, Mesharsei T'nu Kavod l'Elokei Yisrael ... '?

(b)To whom does one say it?

(c)How does his statement continue?

(d)On what grounds does Abaye object to that text?

14)

(a)The Beraisa requires one to say 'Hiskabdu Mechubadim, Mesharsei T'nu Kavod l'Elokei Yisrael ... ' - before entering a bathroom to relieve oneself.

(b)One says it - to the two angels that accompany him at all times.

(c)His statement continues - Harpu mimeni ad she'Ekaneis ve'E'eseh Retzoni va'Avo aleichem'.

(d)Abaye objects to that text however - because having asked them to take leave of him ('Harpu mimeni'), they may decline to return.

15)

(a)According to Abaye, one's opening words are 'Shamruni, Azruni, Samchuni, Hamtinu li ... '. How many times does one repeat each of these words?

(b)How does one conclude?

(c)And what does one say upon leaving the bathroom?

15)

(a)According to Abaye, one's opening words are 'Shamruni, Azruni, Samchuni, Hamtinu li ... ' - each of which one says twice.

(b)And one concludes - ' ... ad she'Ekaneis ve'Eitzei she'Kein Darkam shel B'nei-Adam'.

(c)Upon leaving the bathroom one recites the B'rachah of 'Baruch ... asher Yatzar es ha'Adam ... '.

16)

(a)According to the G'ra, the text ends 'I Efshar La'amod Afilu Sha'ah Echas'. On what grounds does Shmuel object to Rav's version of the conclusion 'Baruch ... Rofei Cholim'?

(b)With what does he replace the two final words?

(c)What does Rav Sheishes add to that?

(d)How does Rav Papa therefore present the final B'rachah?

16)

(a)According to the G'ra, the text ends 'I Efshar La'amod Afilu Sha'ah Echas'. Shmuel objects to Rav's version of the conclusion 'Baruch ... Rofei Cholim' - since not everyone who goes to the bathroom is sick.

(b)He replaces the two final words with - 'Rofei Col Basar' ...

(c)... to which Rav Sheishes adds - 'u'Mafli La'asos'.

(d)Rav Papa therefore presents the final B'rachah as 'Rofei Chol Basar u'Mafli La'asos'.

17)

(a)In the current B'rachah, to what do the following words refer ...

1. ... 'she'Im Yipase'ach Echad meihem'?

2. ... 'O Im Yisasem Echad meihem'?

3. ... Rofei Chol Basar'?

4. ... 'u'Mafli La'asos'?

17)

(a)In the current B'rachah, the words ...

1. ... 'she'Im Yipase'ach Echad meihem' refer to - limbs such as the heart, the stomach or the intestines, which, if opened, what result in immediate death ...

2. ... 'O Im Yisasem Echad meihem' - to limbs such as the mouth, the nose and the rectum, which if closed, would also bring about one's demise.

3. ... Rofei Chol Basar' - refer to the ability to relieve onself, thereby bringing about a 'sure' to the entire body, and ...

4. ... 'u'Mafli La'asos' - to the fact that whereas a tiny hole in a flask will cause whatever is in it to leak out, yet the body is full of holes and the Ru'ach remains intact inside it.

18)

(a)Which Parshah does the Beraisa prescribe before going to sleep?

(b)What are the opening words of the B'rachah that one then recites?

(c)What is the meaning of the words 'u'Sehei Mitasi Sheleimah' that we say in the middle of the B'rachah??

(d)How does the B'rachah end?

18)

(a)The Beraisa prescribe before going to sleep - the first Parshah of the Sh'ma.

(b)The opening words of the B'rachah that one then recites are - 'Baruch ... ha'Mapil Sheinah me'Einai u'Senumah me'Af'apai'.

(c)The meaning of the words 'u'Sehei Mitasi Sheleimah' that we say in the middle of the B'rachah is - that none of our children should turn out to be wicked.

(d)The B'rachah ends - 'Baruch ... ha'Me'ir le'Olam Kulo bi'Chevodo'.

19)

(a)What are the opening words of the B'rachah that one recites upon waking up in the morning?

(b)How does the B'rachah end?

(c)What B'rachah does one recite when one ...

1. ... hears the cock crow? What is a 'Sechvi'?

2. ... opens one's eyes?

3. ... sits up?

(d)Upon getting dressed, one recites the b'rachah ' ... Malbish Arumim, and upon sitting up straight, Zokef Kefufim. What B'rachah does one recite when stepping on to the floor in the morning?

19)

(a)The opening words of the B'rachah that one recites upon waking up in the morning are - 'Elokai, Neshamah she'Nasata bi Tehorah Hi'.

(b)The B'rachah ends ... ' Baruch ... ha'Machazir Neshamos li'Fegarim Meisim'.

(c)When one ...

1. ... hears the cock crow one recites the B'rachah - 'Baruch ... asher Nasan la'Sechvi (the cock) Binah Lehavchin bein Yom u'Vein Laylah' ...

2. ... opens one's eyes - 'Poke'ach Ivrim' ...

3. ... sits up - 'Matir Asurim'.

(d)Upon getting dressed, one recites the b'rachah 'Baruch ... Malbish Arumim', and upon sitting up straight, 'Barch Zokef Kefufim'. The B'rachah that one recites when stepping on to the floor in the morning is - 'Baruch ... Roka ha'Aretz al ha'Mayim'. (Note: Regarding the current B'rachos, we do not follow the Gemara's instructions to the letter. See, for example, Tosfos, DH 'Ki Shama ... ').

20)

(a)If one recites ...

1. ... ' ... asher Heichin Mitz'adei Gaver' when one begins to walk, what B'rachah does one recite when putting on one's shoes?

2. ... 'Ozer Yisrael bi'Gevurah' when tying one's belt, what B'rachah does one recite when puts on one's Sudar (head-gear)?

(b)The Tana also teaches us what B'rachah to recite when putting on one's Tallis and Tefilin and when washing one's hands. What B'rachah does one recite when washing one's face in the morning?

(c)How does the B'rachah end?

20)

(a)One recites ...

1. ... ' ... asher Heichin Mitz'adei Gaver' when one begins to walk, and ' ... she'Asah Li Kol Tzorchi' when putting on one's shoes.

2. ... 'Ozer Yisrael bi'Gevurah' when tying one's belt, when putting on one's Sudar (head-gear) - ' ... Oter Yisrael be'Sif'arah'.

(b)The Tana also teaches us what B'rachah to recite when putting on one's Tallis and Tefilin and when washing one's hands. When washing one's face in the morning, one recites - 'Baruch ... ha'Ma'avir Sheinah me'Einai ... ' (similar to the B'rachah that we recite each morning).

(c)The B'rachah ends - 'Baruch ... Gomeil Chasadim Tovim le'Amo Yisrael'.

21)

(a)How do we initially interpret the Mishnah's ruling that 'just as one recites a B'rachah over good new, so too, must one recite a B'rachah over bad news'?

(b)What problem do we have with that?

(c)How does Rava therefore re-interpret it?

21)

(a)We initially interpret the Mishnah's ruling that 'just as one recites a B'rachah over good new, so too, must one recite a B'rachah over bad news' to mean - that one recites the same B'rachah over bad news as over good news ('Baruch ha'Tov ve'ha'Meitiv').

(b)The problem with that is - that the Mishnah itself states that over bad news one recites 'Baruch ... Dayan Emes'.

(c)Rava therefore re-interprets it to mean - that one should recite it with the same 'Simchah' (sincerity).

22)

(a)How does ...

1. ... Rav Acha in the name of Rebbi Levi learn the same thing from the Pasuk in Tehilim "Chesed u'Mishpat Ashirah, L'cha Hash-m Ashirah"?

2. ... Shmuel bar Nachmeni learn it from the Pasuk there "ba'Hashem Ahalel Davar, b'Elokim Ahalel Davar"?

(b)Rebbi Tanchum learns it from the Pasuk there "Kos Yeshu'os Esa u've'Shem Hash-m Ekra". Which is the second Pasuk denoting 'bad news' which ends in the same way?

(c)Whereas the Rabbanan learn it from the Pasuk in Iyov "Hash-m Nasan va'Hashem Lakach ... ". How does the Pasuk end?

22)

(a)

1. ... Rav Acha in the name of Rebbi Levi learns the same thing from the Pasuk in Tehilim "Chesed u'Mishpat Ashirah, L'cha Hash-m Ashirah" - which implies that one sings over Hash-m's Midas ha'Din just as one sings over His Midas ha'Chesed.

2. ... Shmuel bar Nachmeni learns it from the Pasuk there "ba'Hashem Ahalel Davar, b'Elokim Ahalel Davar" - since "Hash-m" represents Hash-m's Midas Chesed, and Elokim, His Midas ha'Din.

(b)Rebbi Tanchum learns it from the Pasuk there "Kos Yeshu'os Esa u've'Shem Hash-m Ekra". The second Pasuk denoting 'bad news' which ends in the same way is - "Tzarah ve'Yagon Emtza u've'Shem Hash-m Ekra".

(c)Whereas the Rabbanan learn it from the Pasuk in Iyov "Hash-m Nasan va'Hashem Lakach - Y'hi Shem Hash-m Mevorach".

23)

(a)What does Rav Huna ... in the name of Rebbi Meir and a Beraisa in the name of Rebbi Akiva advise one to say constantly?

(b)And the Tana illustrates this with the well-know story of Rebbi Akiva who was once traveling when he arrived at a town. What response did he receive when he attempted to find lodgings for the night?

(c)Where did he therefore spend the night?

(d)Two of the three things that he had with him were a rooster and a donkey. What was the third?

(e)The first to go was the lamp, which was blown out by the wind. What happened to his ...

1. ... rooster?

2. ... donkey?

23)

(a)Rav Huna ... in the name of Rebbi Meir and a Beraisa in the name of Rebbi Akiva advises one to say constantly - that 'Whatever Hash-m does is always for the good!'

(b)And the Tana illustrates this with the well-know story of Rebbi Akiva who was once traveling when he arrived at a town. When he attempted to find lodgings for the night - he met with a negative response.

(c)He therefore spent the night - in a nearby field.

(d)Two of the three things that he had with him were a rooster and a donkey; the third was - a lamp.

(e)The first to go was the lamp, which the wind blew out. His ...

1. ... rooster was - eaten by a cat, and his ...

2. ... donkey - by a lion.

24)

(a)What did Rebbi Akiva declare following each the four mishaps that he experienced?

(b)What calamity happened overnight

(c)What did Rebbi Akiva subsequently say to his Talmidim?

24)

(a)Following each the four mishaps that he experienced - Rebbi Akiva declared - 'Kol de'Avid Rachmana ... !'

(b)Overnight - a band of robbers ransacked the town.

(c)Rebbi Akiva subsequently said to his Talmidim - 'Did I not tell you that whatever ha'Kadosh-Baruch-Hu does is always for the good.'

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