BECHOROS 18 (6 Kislev) - Dedicated in honor of the Yahrzeit of Eliezer ben Reb Shraga Feivel Marmorstein by his nephew, Mr. David Kornfeld, whom Mr. Marmorstein raised like his own child after the Holocaust.

[18a - 51 lines; 18b - 50 lines]

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We recommend using the textual changes suggested by the Bach and the marginal notes of the Vilna Shas. This section is devoted to any other important corrections that Acharonim have pointed out in the Gemara, Rashi and Tosfos.

[1] Rashi 18b DH Lo Nechleku ד"ה לא נחלקו:

The words "Kegon sheha'Bechor Chai" כגון שהבכור חי

should be "Kegon sheha'Safek Bechor he'Chai" כגון שהספק בכור החי


1)[line 5]תנא קמא סבר אי אפשר לצמצםTANA KAMA SAVAR IY EFSHAR L'TZAMTZEM- The Tana Kama maintains that it is impossible to achieve perfect precision even bi'Yedei Adam, in human actions. Measuring the distance to the corpse is considered bi'Yedei Adam.

2)[line 6]רבי אליעזר סבר אפשר לצמצםREBBI ELIEZER SAVAR EFSHAR L'TZAMTZEM- Rebbi Eliezer maintains that it is possible to achieve perfect precision only bi'Yedei Adam. Both the Tana Kama and Rebbi Eliezer maintain that perfect precision cannot be attained bi'Yedei Shamayim, like the Rabanan of our Mishnah. They argue whether perfect precision can be attained bi'Yedei Adam.

3)[line 10]יביאו עגלה אחת בשותפות ויתנוYAVI'U EGLAH ACHAS B'SHUTFUS V'YASNU- both cities should bring one calf and stipulate that it should belong to the city that is nearer to the corpse

4)[line 11]כולי עלמא אפשר לצמצםCHULEI ALMA EFSHAR L'TAMTZEM- everyone agrees that it is possible to achieve perfect precision, even bi'Yedei Shamayim, like Rebbi Yosi ha'Glili

5)[line 30]עד דאכלת כפנייתא בבבלAD D'ACHALT KAFNIYASA B'BAVEL- instead of eating dates in Bavel.... That is, "while you were enjoying yourself eating dates in Bavel, we were busy trying to answer this question" (Rashi), or, "instead of eating poor quality dates in Bavel, you ought to have come to Eretz Yisrael and struggled with us to answer this question" (Tosfos).

6)[line 35]ליפלגי גבי הדדיLIFLEGEI GABEI HADADEI- let them divide it between them

7)[line 43]עשו שאינו זוכה כזוכהASU SHE'EINO ZOCHEH K'ZOCHEH- When we are not sure which of two animals is the real Bechor, the smaller of the two is given to the Kohen. When this happens, the Chachamim consider it as though the Kohen (who may not have received the true Bechor) has taken possession of the true Bechor and sold it back in exchange for the other animal, which he was given instead. Therefore, the Yisrael has no obligation to give Matanos from the animal that remains in his possession, since it might be a Bechor (and there is no obligation to give Matanos from a Bechor which was "sold" to him by the Kohen).

8)[line 46]שאין חליפין ביד כהןSHE'EIN CHALIPIN B'YAD KOHEN- no animal has been given to the Kohen in exchange for this one (the Shitah Mekubetzes changes "Chalipin" to "Chalipav")


9)[line 28]ר' עקיבא פליג בשנים שהפקידו אצל רועהREBBI AKIVA PALIG B'SHENAYIM SHE'HIFKIDU ETZEL RO'EH- does Rebbi Akiva argue in this case?!

10)[line 33]ניחא ליה דליתעביד מצוה בממוניהNICHA LEI D'LIS'AVID MITZVAH B'MAMONEI- a person wants a Mitzvah to be done with his property (if he does not stand to lose money by doing so. The Mitzvah involved in this Gemara is raising a Bechor in order to eventually eat it or sacrifice it.)

11)[line 35]מידעםMIDA'AM- anything

12)[line 48]שביח טפיSHEVI'ACH TEFEI- is of better quality