[25a - 53 lines; 25b - 50 lines]

1)[line 1] SHE'OSEH OSO GALAL- that he makes it into a dung heap

2)[line 2]NEVELOS- carcasses

3)[line 2]KEVAROS- graves

4)[line 2]BURSEKI- a tannery where hides are processed

5)[line 6]MISHRAH- a soaking pond for flax

6)[line 6]YEREK- vegetables

7)[line 7]KEREISHIN- (O.F. porels) - garden leeks (Allium porrum)

8)[line 7]BETZALIM- onions

9)[line 7]CHARDAL- mustard plants

10)[line 8]DEVORIM- bees

11)[line 16] SHE'HI TEDIRA- that it is constant [in some way that the Gemara proceeds to discuss]

12)[line 17] TEDIRA B'RUCHOS- the most constant of all of the winds

13)[line 18]MENASHVOS- blow

14)[line 21] BEN NETZ- (lit. the son of a hawk) the name of an angel (whose appearance resembles a hawk - RASHI)

15)[line 23]" ; ?""HAMI'BINASCHA YA'AVER NETZ; YIFROS KENAFAV L'SEIMAN?"- "Does the hawk fly by your wisdom, and stretch her wings toward the south?" (Iyov 39:26)

16)[line 28]PERAS- rations

17)[line 35]" ; ?""HA'SESHALACH BERAKIM V'YELECHU; V'YOMRU LECHA HINENU?"- "Or can you send out the lightening to go forth [because of your command]; and will they say to you, 'Here we are'?" (Iyov 38:35) - Once the lightening goes forth (away from HaSh-m, keve'Yachol), it can only report to Him with the words "Here I am" if the presence of HaSh-m exists in every direction.

18)[line 44]'' D'AMAR LEI RAV SHESHES L'SHAM'EI- for Rav Sheshes (who was blind) would say to his attendant

19)[line 45] , L'CHOL RUCHASA UKMAN, L'VAR MI'MIZRACH- set me up [to pray] in any direction

20)[line 46] D'MORU BAH MINEI- because idol worshippers establish it as their custom [to pray exactly due east]

21)[line 48] ""MAI "ORIYAH"- (a) the Persian word for "west" (RASHI, quoting his teachers); (b) east, similar to the Middle French word "orient" (RASHI)

22)[line 49]" , ; , ""YA'AROF KA'MATAR LIKCHI, TIZAL KA'TAL IMRASI; KI'S'IRIM ALEI DESHE, V'CHIRVIVIM ALEI ESEV"- "My doctrine shall drop as the rain, My speech shall distil as the dew; as the small rain upon the tender herb, and as the showers upon the grass." (Devarim 32:2)

23)[line 50] ME'ORPO SHEL OLAM- from the "back of the neck" of the world

24)[line 51] MAZELES ES HA'ZAHAV- it cheapens the price of gold (as a commodity)

25)[line 51]" ...""HA'ZALIM ZAHAV MI'KIS..."- "They pour gold out of the moneybag, [and weigh silver on the scale; they hire a smith and he makes it into a god, they bow down and even worship]." (Yeshayah 46:6)

26)[line 52] MAS'ERES ES KOL HA'OLAM KI'SE'IR- it stirs up the world like a demon

27)[last line] MA'ALAH REVIVIM- it brings up rain


28)[line 1]ACHSADRAH- to a structure that is covered by a roof and is enclosed on three of its sides

29)[line 1] V'RU'ACH TZEFONIS EINAH MESUVEVES- and the northerly direction does not have a border

30)[line 3]NICHFEFES- it bends down

31)[line 4]KUBAH- a cube

32)[line 6]MAKEFES- it goes around

33)[line 7]KIPAH- the domed roof of the world

34)[line 7]" , ; ""HOLECH EL DAROM, V'SOVEV EL TZAFON; SOVEV SOVEV HOLECH HA'RU'ACH V'AL SEVIVOSAV SHAV HA'RU'ACH"- "It goes towards the south, and circles towards the north; the wind goes around and around, and on its rounds the wind returns." (Koheles 1:6)

35a)[line 11]MESAVEVASAN- it goes around them from behind; i.e. it traverses them at night when it cannot be seen

b)[line 11]MEHALCHASAN- it traverses them during the day

36)[line 12]" ; ""MIN HA'CHEDER TAVO SUFAH; U'MIMEZARIM KARAH"- "The storm [and hurricane winds] come from the [southern] room [at His command]; and the cold [comes] from the stars [when He decrees]." (Iyov 37:9-10) - The Gemara interprets "Mezarim" as "the different one."

37a)[line 17]B'NICHUSA- softly

b)[line 18]B'SHEFICHUSA- fiercely

38)[line 19]" ...""MI'TZAFON ZAHAV YE'ESEH..."- "[For the brightness of the skies which is like] pure gold, come from the north; [and upon HaSh-m, the Awesome One, there is even much greater glory than all this]." (Iyov 37:22)

39)[line 22] LO HUGSHEMAH RU'ACH DEROMIS- the south wind has not been laden with rain

40)[line 23]" , ...""VA'YIGZOR AL YAMIN V'RA'EV, VA'YOCHAL AL SEMOL V'LO SAVE'U..."- "And he shall snatch at the right, and be hungry; and he shall eat at the left, and they shall not be satisfied..." (Yeshayah 9:19)

41)[line 26] OTZAR TOV- from the Storehouse of Goodness

42a)[line 29]YADRIM- shall turn his face [slightly] southward

b)[line 29]YATZPIN- shall turn his face [slightly] northward

43)[line 29] SHULCHAN BA'TZAFON U'MENORAH BA'DAROM- the Golden Table (a symbol of bountiful sustenance) of the Mishkan and the Beis ha'Mikdash was placed in the north, and the Golden Menorah (a symbol of Torah learning) was placed in the south

44)[line 32] METZADED ATZDUDEI- he turns himself slightly sideways

45)[line 34]"[ ' ], ""[VA'YOMER HASH-M EILAI], 'MI'TZAFON TIPASACH HA'RA'AH AL KOL YOSHVEI HA'ARETZ'" - "And Hash-m said to me, 'The evil will begin from the north upon all the inhabitants of the land.'" (Yirmeyahu 1:14-15) (THE ADVENT OF NEVUCHADNETZAR)

(a)In Yirmeyahu's first prophecy, he was shown a vision of an almond stick and of a boiling cauldron facing north. The former hinted at the destruction of the Beis ha'Mikdash, which would come to fruition during the twenty-one days (the time it takes for almonds to fully grow) between the seventeenth of Tamuz and Tish'ah b'Av. (The Churban came about forty years later, however.)

(b)The second vision, as HaSh-m explains to Yirmeyahu in this verse, portrays the rise of Nevuchadnetzar, King of Bavel. (The route from Bavel arrives at Eretz Yisrael from the north.) It warns that Nevuchadnetzar, together with his allies and the nations that he had already overrun, would devastate the entire region. This prophecy also shows that the ultimate prize of all of Yisrael's enemies was Yerushalayim.

(c)This was due, the Navi continues, to the evil that Yisrael was guilty of, particularly for having forsaken HaSh-m in favor of other gods, the work of their own hands.

(d)HaSh-m warned Yirmeyahu that he would not have an easy time convincing the people to accept his prophecies and do Teshuvah. The people would mock him and threaten him, and even try to kill him. However, HaSh-m assured him, as long as he would not be afraid of the people but rather place his trust in Him, HaSh-m would stand behind him, and Yirmeyahu would survive all attempts of kings and princes to do him harm.

46)[line 36] HARCHEK CHARDALCHA MIN DEVORAI- keep your mustard plants away from my bees

47)[line 37] LIGLUGEI CHARDELAI- (a) flowers of my mustard plants (RASHI); (b) seeds of my mustard plants (ARUCH); (c) branches of my mustard plants (RI, cited in TOSFOS DH Liglugei DAF 18a)

48)[line 44] MACHLIDIN ES HA'KARKA- they tunnel through the ground (RASHI)

49)[line 44]U'MALKIN- and destroy

50)[line 48] PAPI YEVANA'AH- Papi from Greece

51)[line 48]APADNA- a mansion

52)[line 48]ATZUREI- those who press [sesame seeds for oil]

53)[line 48]B'SHIVEVUSEI- in his neighborhood

54)[line 49] DAIKEI SHUMSHEMEI- they pounded the sesame seeds

55)[line 49] NAIDA APADNEI- his mansion shook