Mishnah 1
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1)

(a)What does Raban Gamliel mean when he says 'Ein Get Achar Get'?

(b)What is his reason?

(c)We have already learned that the source for this is the Pasuk (in Ki Seitzei) "Lo Yivneh" (from which we Darshen 'Shuv Lo Yivneh'. What are the connotations of that D'rashah here?

(d)What will the Din then be regarding the other brothers?

1)

(a)When Raban Gamliel says 'Ein Get Achar Get', he means that - if the Yavam gives a Get to each of two Yevamos, the relatives of the second one are not forbidden to him ...

(b)... since the Get that he gave to the first Yevamah removed the Zikah from both Yevamos completely.

(c)We have already learned that the source for this is the Pasuk (in Ki Seitzei) "Lo Yivneh" (from which we Darshen 'Shuv Lo Yivneh') - thereby forbidding him to perform Yibum either with the Yevamah who received the Get or with her Tzarah. Consequently, a second get to the Tzarah will not achieve anything.

(d)And the same will apply to the other brothers.

2)

(a)Raban Gamliel continues 'Ein Ma'amar Achar Ma'amar. What are the ramifications of this (besides the fact that he is permitted to marry the relatives of the second Yevamah?

(b)And he concludes 'Ein Be'ilah Achar Be'ilah ve'Ein Chalitzah Achar Chalitzah'. With which two of Raban Gamliel's four rulings do the Chachamim disagree?

(c)On what grounds do they hold 'Yesh Get Achar Get'?

2)

(a)Raban Gamliel continues 'Ein Ma'amar Achar Ma'amar. Besides the fact that he is permitted to marry the relatives of the second Yevamah - he does not need to give her a Get.

(b)And he concludes 'Ein Be'ilah Achar Be'ilah ve'Ein Chalitzah Achar Chalitzah'. The Chachamim disagree - with the first two of Raban Gamliel's four rulings. They hold 'Yesh Get Achar Get, ve'Yesh Ma'amar Achar Ma'amar' (See Tos. Yom-Tov DH 'Yesh Ma'amar ... ').

(c)They hold 'Yesh Get Achar Get' - because, bearing in mind that, despite the Get, the Yevamah still requires Chalitzah, it has not completely removed the Zikah (thereby allowing the second Get to take effect).

Mishnah 2
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3)

(a)What does the Mishnah say about a Yavam who performs Ma'amar with the Yevamah and then ...

1. ... gives her a Get?

2. ... does Chalitzah?

(b)Why, in the first case, is he not permitted to perform Yibum?

(c)And why, in the second case, does she require a Get?

(d)The Mishnah begins with the word 'Keitzad'. Is this Mishnah connected with the previous one?

(e)What is the correct two-stage procedure for a Yavam to follow?

3)

(a)The Mishnah rules that a Yavam who performs Ma'amar with the Yevamah and then ...

1. ... gives her a Get - remains Chayav to do Chalitzah.

2. ... does Chalitzah - still requires a Get.

(b)In the first case, he is not permitted to perform Yibum because - since he began to divorce her, he is subject to the Isur of 'Shuv Lo Yivneh'.

(c)Whereas in the second case, she require a Get - for the Ma'amar.

(d)The Mishnah begins with the word 'Keitzad' - which is not connected with the previous Mishnah. In fact - it comes to introduce the procedure with one Yavam and one Yevamah (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

(e)The correct procedure for a Yavam to follow is - Ma'amar followed by Yibum (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

Mishnah 3
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4)

(a)According to the Mishnah, a Yavam who gives a Get and performs either Ma'amar or Yibum, requires a Get and Chalitzah. Why the Get in the former case?

(b)And why, in the latter case, where he has already performed Yibum, is he obligated to give the Yevamah a Get?

(c)What does the Tana say about a case where he gave her a Get and did Chalitzah?

(d)And what if he ...

1. ... did Chalitzah and either performed Ma'amar, or gave her a Get or performed Yibum (See Tos. Yom-Tov)?

2. ... performed Yibum and either performed Ma'amar (See Tos. Yom-Tov) or gave her a Get or did Chalitzah?

(e)What is the reason for the ...

1. ... fore-last ruling?

2. ... last ruling?

4)

(a)According to the Mishnah, a Yavam who gives a Get and performs either Ma'amar or Yibum, requires a Get and Chalitzah. The Get in the former case is - to remove the Ma'amar (See Tos. Yom-Tov), whereas ...

(b)... in the latter case, it is - because, having given her a Get, he is forbidden to remain with her, on account of 'Lo Yivneh' (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

(c)The Tana rules that in a case where he gave her a Get and did Chalitzah - nothing more is required ...

(d)... and the same will apply where he ...

1. ... did Chalitzah and either performed Ma'amar or gave her a Get or performed Yibum (See Tos. Yom-Tov) and where he ...

2. ... performed Yibum and either performed Ma'amar (See Tos. Yom-Tov) or gave her a Get or did Chalitzah.

(e)The reason for the ...

1. ... fore-last ruling is - that everything after Chalitzah is superfluous.

2. ... last ruling is - that everything after Yibum is superfluous (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

5)

(a)The author of the fore-last ruling is Rebbi Akiva. What does Rebbi Akiva say? Why does Ma'amar not take effect after Chalitzah?

(b)What do the Chachamim hold?

(c)The Tana concludes that there is no difference between one Yevamah to one Yevamah and two Yevamos to one Yavam. What does he say in both cases regarding after the first...

1. ... Get?

2. ... Bi'ah and the first Chalitzah?

(d)Like whom is the Halachah?

5)

(a)The author of the fore-last ruling is Rebbi Akiva, who says that - Kidushin does not take effect on Chayvei La'avin (which explains why the Ma'amar after Chalitzah (which is subject to 'Lo Yivneh') does not require a Get.

(b)The Chachamim hold that - it is only after Chayvei K'risus that Kidushin does not take effect, but not after Chayvei La'avin (in which case, Ma'amar after Chalitzah will require a Get).

(c)The Tana concludes that there is no difference between one Yevamah to one Yevamah and two Yevamos to one Yavam. Either way, after the first...

1. ... Get - Ma'amar takes effect and a Get is required..

2. ... Bi'ah and Chalitzah - nothing takes effect, as we shall now see.

(d)The Halachah is - like the Chachamim (See Tiferes Yisrael).

Mishnah 4
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6)

(a)The Mishnah now elaborates on its previous ruling. What must the Yavam still do after performing Ma'amar with one Yevamah and ...

1. ... Ma'amar with the other

2. ... giving a Get to the other?

3. ... Yibum with the other?

4. ... doing Chalitzah with the other?

(b)And what must he still do after giving a Get to one Yevamah and ...

1. ... a Get to the other?

2. ... performing Yibum with the other?

3. ... performing Ma'amar with the other?

4. ... doing Chalitzah with the other?

6)

(a)The Mishnah now elaborates on its previous ruling. The Yavam, after performing Ma'amar with one Yevamah and ...

1. ... Ma'amar with the other - must give each Yevamah a Get and do Chalitzah with one of them.

2. ... giving a Get to the other - must give a Get to the Ba'alas Ma'amar and do Chalitzah with one of them.

3. ... Yibum with the other - must give a Get to both Yevamos (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

4. ... doing Chalitzah with the other - must give the Ba'alas Ma'amar a Get.

(b)After giving a Get to one Yevamah and ...

1. ... a Get to the other - he must do Chalitzah with one of them.

2. ... performing Yibum with the other - he must give a Get to the latter and do Chalitzah with one of them (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

3. ... performing Ma'amar with the other - he must give a Get to the Ba'alas Ma'amar and do Chalitzah with one of them.

4. ... doing Chalitzah with the other - nothing more is required.

Mishnah 5
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7)

(a)What does the Mishnah say about a Yavam who, after performing Chalitzah with one Yevamah, performs ...

1. ... Chalitzah with the other one?

2. ... Ma'amar or gives a Get or performs Yibum with the other one?

(b)And what if, after performing Yibum with one of them, he performs Yibum or Ma'amar, or gives a Get or does Chalitzah with the other one?

(c)What does the Tana say concerning the above regarding ...

1. ... one Yavam and two Yevamos?

2. ... two Yevamin and one Yevamah?

7)

(a)The Mishnah rules that a Yavam, who, after performing Chalitzah with one Yevamah, performs ...

1. ... Chalitzah with the other Yevamah - does not need to give a Get to the second one (because 'There is nothing after Chalitzah [according to Rebbi Akiva]), and the same will apply if he performs with her ...

2. ... Ma'amar or gives a Get or performs Yibum with her. And likewise ...

(b)... if, after performing Yibum with one of them, he performs Yibum or Ma'amar, or gives a Get or does Chalitzah with the other one - the principle 'There is nothing after Yibum' will apply).

(c)And the same will apply, says the Mishnah, to ...

1. ... one Yavam and two Yevamos, and to ...

2. ... two Yevamin and one Yevamah (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

Mishnah 6
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8)

(a)The Tana now discusses a Yavam who either does Chalitzah, performs Ma'amar, gives a Get or performs Yibum (with on Yavam and one Yevamah [See Tos. Yom-Tov]). Why does he repeat the cases?

(b)What distinction does he draw between the above (regarding Chalitzah) and Yibum plus Ma'amar, Get or Chalitzah?

(c)What is the case of Chalitzah ...

1. ... in the middle (bearing in mind that the Tana is now talking about one Yavam and two or more Yevamos)?

2. ... at the end?

(d)What are the ramifications of 'Ein Achar Chalitzah K'lum' in both of these cases?

(e)Why is that?

8)

(a)The Tana now discusses a Yavam who either does Chalitzah, performs Ma'amar, gives a Get or performs Yibum (with on Yavam and one Yevamah [See Tos. Yom-Tov]). He repeats the cases - in order to present the distinction and the Machlokes Tana'im that we are about to discuss.

(b)The distinction that he draws between the above (regarding Chalitzah) and Yibum plus Ma'amar, Get or Chalitzah - is that whereas Chalitzah requires nothing after it, irrespective of whether it is done at the beginning, in the middle or at the end, this is only true of Yibum if it is performed at the beginning (as we shall now see).

(c)The case of Chalitzah ...

1. ... in the middle (bearing in mind that the Tana is now talking about one Yavam and two or more Yevamos) is - where the Yavam first gives a Get to one of the Yevamos, then makes Chalitzah with the other and then performs Ma'amar with either of them.

2. ... at the end is - where he does Chalitzah after a Get and Ma'amar, after which he performs Ma'amar with one of the previous Yevamos.

(d)The ramifications of 'Ein Achar Chalitzah K'lum' are - that the Ma'amar that follows it does not require a Get ...

(e)... because - under whatever circumstances Chalitzah is performed, it constitutes a legal divorce.

9)

(a)What is the case of 'at the end' regarding Yibum?

(b)What are the ramifications of Yibum ...

1. ... in the middle (following a Get to one Yevamah)?

2. ... at the end?

(c)What does Rebbi Nechemyah say?

9)

(a)The case of 'at the end' regarding Yibum is - where, after giving a Get to one Yevamah and performing Ma'amar with another, he performs Yibum with one of them before performing Yibum with a third Yevamah.

(b)The ramifications of Yibum in the middle (following a Get to one Yevamah) are ...

1. ... that if he then performs Ma'amar with a third Yevamah (See Tos. Yom-Tov), her relatives become forbidden to him.

2. ... at the end are - that the third Yevamah (whom we discussed in a.), requires not only a Get, but Chalitzah as well).

(c)According to Rebbi Nechemyah - just as we say by Chalitzah, so too, 'Ein achar Be'ilah K'lum' (even in the Yibum was performed in the middle or at the end), and the last Yevamah requires only a Get but not Chalitzah (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

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