1)

(a)Why does the Pasuk in Hoshe'a (in connection with Yeravam ben N'vat) "ve'Shachatah Seitim He'emiku, va'Ani Musar le'Kulam", refer to Avodah-Zarah as Seitim?

(b)How does Rebbi Yochanan explain ...

1. ... "ve'Shachatah Seitim He'emiku"?

2. ... "va'Ani Musar le'Kulam"?

(c)What else might He have meant?

(d)What happened to Yeravam's new cloak, when Achyah ha'Shiloni met him as he left Yerushalayim (after rebuking Shlomoh)?

(e)Why does the Beraisa quoting Rebbi Yossi, refer to that as a time for punishment?

1)

(a)The Pasuk in Hoshe'a (in connection with Yeravam ben N'vat), "ve'Shachatah Seitim He'emiku, va'Ani Musar le'Kulam" refers to Avodah-Zarah as Seitim - because everyone is attracted to it and turns to it to Shecht sacrifices to it.

(b)Rebbi Yochanan explains ...

1. ... "ve'Shachatah Seitim He'emiku" to means that - Yeravam was more stringent than Hash-m Himself (in that he threatened death by the sword to anyone who would go up to Yerushalayim (on Yom-Tov) ...

2. ... "va'Ani Musar le'Kulam" - whereas Hash-m only punished those who did not go up to Yerushalayim with Yisurin, for transgressing an Asei.

(c)Alternatively, He meant that - their having turned away from Him caused them to sin even more intensely, until they even slaughtered those who forsook the calves and went to Yerushalayim.

(d)When Achyah ha'Shiloni met Yeravam as he left Yerushalayim (after rebuking Shlomoh) - he tore the latter's new cloak into twelve strips ...

(e)... a sign that the twelve tribes of Yisrael were about to be split into two kingdoms, which explains why the Beraisa quoting Rebbi Yossi, refers to that incident as a time for punishment.

2)

(a)What does Rebbi Yossi learn from the Pasuk ...

1. ... in Yirmiyah (in connection with the destruction of idols) "be'Eis Pekudasam Yovedu"?

2. ... in Yeshayah "be'Eis Ratzon Anisicha"?

(b)What does Rebbi Yossi mean when he makes a similar comment with regard to the Pasuk ...

1. ... in Ki Sisa "u've'Yom Pokdi u'Fakadti aleihem Chatasam"?

2. ... in Vayeishev "Vay'hi ba'Eis ha'Hi Vayered Yehudah me'es Echav"?

(c)Commenting on the Pasuk in Melachim "Vayeilech Rechavam Sh'chemah", what does Rebbi Yossi say about Sh'chem? What else took place there?

(d)How does Rebbi Chanina bar Papa explain the Pasuk there "Vayetzei Yeravam mi'Yerushalayim"?

2)

(a)Rebbi Yossi learns from the Pasuk ...

1. ... in Yirmiyah "be'Eis Pekudasam Yovedu" (in connection with the destruction of idols) that - there is a fixed time for punishment.

2. ... in Yeshayah "be'Eis Ratzon Anisicha" that - there is a fixed time for reward.

(b)When Rebbi Yossi makes a similar comment with regard to the Pasuk ...

1. ... in Ki Sisa "u've'Yom Pokdi u'Fakadti aleihem Chatasam", he means that - Tish'ah be'Av (see Agados Maharsha) was fixed as a time of punishment, and that is why so many calamities (including the destruction of both Batei Mikdash) took place then.

2. ... in Vayeishev "Vay'hi ba'Eis ha'Hi Vayered Yehudah me'es Echav", he means that - that time too, was fixed as a punishment (for Tamar and her two sons to be burned, though that is not what ultimately happened).

(c)Commenting on the Pasuk in Melachim "Vayeilech Rechavam Shechemah", Rebbi Yossi said that - Sh'chem was reserved for punishment. That is where - Dinah was abducted, that is where Yosef was sold and that is where the Kingdom of Yisrael was divided into two.

(d)Rebbi Chanina bar Papa explains the Pasuk there "Vayetzei Yeravam mi'Yerushalayim" to mean that - when Yeravam left Yerushalayim, he left behind its legacy, too.

3)

(a)According to Rav Nachman, the Navi refers to the new cloak that Yeravam was wearing, to teach us that, like a new cloak, the Torah of Yeravam was without a flaw. How do others explain it?

(b)According to Rev Yehudah Amar Rav, the phrase "ve'Heim Levadam ba'Sadeh" teaches us that all the Chachamim before Achiyah ha'Shiloni and Yeravam were compared to the grass of the field (see Agados Maharsha). How do others interpret it?

3)

(a)According to Rav Nachman, the Navi refers to the new cloak that Yeravam was wearing, to teach us that, like a new cloak, the Torah of Yeravam was without a flaw. According to others - Yeravam and Achiyah ha'Shiloni discussed Divrei Torah the likes of which had never been heard before.

(b)According to Rev Yehudah Amar Rav, the phrase "ve'Heim Levadam ba'Sadeh" teaches us that all the Chachamim before Achiyah ha'Shiloni and Yeravam were compared to the grass of the field (see Agados Maharsha). Others interpret it to mean that - the reasons for all the Mitzvos were revealed to them like the grass of the field.

4)

(a)The Pasuk in Michah issues a statement with reference to Malchus Yisrael and Gas (a P'lishti town). How does Rebbi Chanina bar Papa explain the connection between the two (with reference to the coronation of Yeravam)?

(b)And what punishment would they receive for that?

(c)And what does Rebbi Chanina bar Papa say about someone who eats without reciting a B'rachah?

(d)To whom does the Pasuk in Mishlei (written in connection with this Halachah) refer, when it concludes "Chaver hu le'Ish Mashchis"? Who is the Ish Mashchis?

4)

(a)According to Rebbi Chanina bar Papa, when the Pasuk in Michah issues a statement with reference to Malchus Yisrael and Gas (a P'lishti town), it is referring to the coronation of Yeravam, during which a Heavenly Voice proclaimed that - since they had betrayed the dynasty of David Hamelech, who killed Golyas and gave them Gas as an inheritance ...

(b)... Hash-m would betray them and deliver them into the hands of their enemies.

(c)Rebbi Chanina bar Papi also states that if someone eats without reciting a B'rachah - it is as if he stole from his father (Hash-m) and mother (K'neses Yisrael).

(d)When the Pasuk in Mishlei (written in connection with this Halachah) concludes "Chaver Hu le'Ish Mashchis", it refers to - Yeravam ben N'vat (who destroyed the direct link with Hash-m that goes through Yerushalayim, and to which the concept of B'rachos is similar).

5)

(a)Based on the Pasuk "va'Yidach Yeravam es Yisrael me'Acharei Hash-m ve'Hechti'am Chata'ah Gedolah", what Mashal does Rebbi Chanin give to two sticks?

(b)How do de'bei Rebbi Yanai explain the Pasuk in Devarim "ve'Di Zahav" (in connection with the Golden Calf that they worshipped in the Desert)?

(c)And what Mashal does he give to a roaring lion?

(d)Until now, Yisrael had to suffer for the sin of one calf, from now on, it was two and even three. How does Rebbi Oshaya put it?

5)

(a)Based on the Pasuk "va'Yidach Yeravam es Yisrael me'Acharei Hash-m ve'Hechti'am Chata'ah Gedolah", Rebbi Chanin gives a Mashal to two sticks (see also Agados Maharsha), where someone wielding one stick, strikes a stick held by someone else with force, causing it to fly a great distance through the air and land far away against the will of the owner. So too, Yeravam forced his subjects to remain far away from Hash-m against their will.

(b)de'bei Rebbi Yanai explains the Pasuk in Devarim "ve'Di Zahav" to mean - that it is only because Yisrael had too much gold that they served the Golden Calf (insinuating that, like the calves of Yeravam, Yisrael were not entirely to blame)

(c)And he gives a Mashal to a lion - who only roars from a box of meat (when he is satiated), and not from a box of straw.

(d)Until now, Yisrael had to suffer for the sin of one calf, from now on, it was two and even three. Rebbi Oshaya explains - that until now, they had suckled from one calf ... (see Agados Maharsha).

6)

(a)What does Rebbi Yitzchak say, based on the Pasuk in Ki Sisa "u've'Yom Pokdi u'Fakadti aleihem Chatasam"?

(b)After how many generations from the Eigel does the Navi Yechezkel write "Vayikra be'Ozni Kol Gadol leimor 'Kirvu Pekudos ha'Ir ve'Ish K'lei Mashchaso be'Yado' "? What is the significance of the word "Pekudos" in this context?

(c)In fact, twenty-seven generations had elapsed since the time of the Eigel? Why does Rebbi Yitzchak omit Yehoyakim, Yehoyachin and Tzidkiyahu from the list?

(d)The Pasuk in Melachim writes "Achar ha'Davar ha'Zeh, Lo Shav Yeravam mi'Darko ha'Ra'ah". How does Rebbi Aba interpret "Achar ha'Davar ha'Zeh"? To which episode does it refer?

(e)On what grounds did he refuse the offer?

6)

(a)Based on the Pasuk "u've'Yom Pokdi u'Fakadti aleihem Chatasam", Rebbi Yitzchak says that - there is no punishment that comes upon Yisrael that does not include a small fraction (a twenty-fourth) of the sin of the Golden Calf.

(b)The Navi Yechezkel writes "Vayikra be'Ozni Kol Gadol leimor 'Kirvu Pekudos ha'Ir ve'Ish K'lei Mashchaso be'Yado' " - twenty-four generations after the Eigel. The word "Pekudos" notice, is the same word that the Torah used in the Pasuk that we just quoted (in connection with the Eigel ha'Zahav) "u've'Yom Pakdi u'Fakadti" - because it was a prophecy that was about to come true in an extreme manner.

(c)In fact, twenty-seven generations had elapsed since the time of the Eigel. However, Rebbi Yitzchak omits Yehoyakim, Yehoyachin and Tzidkiyahu from the list - because he and Yeho'achaz were brothers who belonged to the same generation, whereas Yehoyachin (son of Yehoyakim) had barely begun to rule when he was sent into exile, and Tzidkiyah his uncle, was the third brother of Yehoyakim and Yeho'achaz. Consequently, all four are considered one generation.

(d)The Pasuk writes "Achar ha'Davar ha'Zeh, Lo Shav Yeravam mi'Darko ha'Ra'ah", which, according to Rebbi Aba refers to the episode - where Hash-m offered Yeravam a free pardon if he would do Teshuvah, and he would be granted the privilege of walking together with Hash-m and David Hamelech in Gan Eden.

(e)He refused the offer however - when Hash-m informed him that David Hamelech (and not he) would be at the head.

102b----------------------------------------102b

7)

(a)Why did Rebbi Avahu undertake to cease Darshening the Sugya of the three kings who receive no portion in Olam ha'Ba?

(b)How did he explain the fact that he resumed his D'rashos after he recovered?

(c)King Menasheh appeared to Rav Ashi in a dream. Why was he cross with him?

(d)What She'eilah did he ask him about the B'rachah of 'ha'Motzi' to prove his superiority in learning?

7)

(a)Rebbi Avahu undertook to cease Darshening the Sugya of the three kings who receive no portion in Olam ha'Ba - when after doing so, he fell ill.

(b)He explained the fact that he resumed his D'rashos after he recovered - by taking his cue from the kings themselves, who did not retract (so why should he?).

(c)King Menasheh appeared to Rav Ashi in a dream. He was cross with him - because he referred to the kings as 'our colleagues'.

(d)To prove his superiority in learning, he asked him - which part of the bread one cuts after reciting 'ha'Motzi', a She'eilah which Rav Ashi was unable to answer.

8)

(a)What did Rav Ashi promise he would do if he would teach him the Halachah?

(b)What did Menasheh teach him?

(c)What did Menasheh reply when Rav Ashi asked him how, if he was so advanced in learning, he could possibly have worshipped Avodah-Zarah?

(d)How did Rav Ashi refer to the three Kings on the following day?

8)

(a)Rav Ashi promised that, if he would teach him the Halachah - he would Darshen it the following day in his name.

(b)Menasheh taught him that - one cuts the part of the bread that has a crust (and not from the middle [though some commentaries explain from the place which is baked the best]).

(c)When Rav Ashi asked Menasheh how, if he was so advanced in learning, he could possibly have worshipped Avodah-Zarah, he replied that - so powerful was the Yetzer-ha'Ra to serve idols that, had he (Rav Ashi) been there, he would have lifted the hem of his cloak, in order to run faster to get to them.

(d)On the following day, Rav Ashi referred to the three kings as - 'our Rebbes'.

9)

(a)How do we Darshen the name 'Achav'?

(b)What is the significance of 'Av la'Avodah-Zarah'? From which Pasuk in Melachim do we learn the depth of a father's love for a son?

(c)Who was the bigger Rasha, Achav or Yeravam?

(d)Then why does the Pasuk constantly refer to Yeravam as the epitome of evil ("like the sins of Yeravam who sinned and who made Yisrael sin")?

9)

(a)We Darshen the name 'Achav' as - 'Ach (Rasha) la'Shamayim, ve'Av la'Avodah-Zarah'.

(b)The significance of 'Av la'Avodah-Zarah' is - that it describes the depth of Achav's love for Avodah-Zarah. We learn the depth of a father's love for his son from the Pasuk in Melachim - "ke'Rachem Av al Banim".

(c)Achav was a far bigger Rasha than Yeravam (whose biggest sins were Achav's smallest).

(d)Nevertheless. the Pasuk constantly refers to Yeravam as the epitome of evil ("like the sins of Yeravam who sinned and who made Yisrael sin") - because he was the one to set the ball rolling (by introducing idolatry into K'lal Yisrael).

10)

(a)What does Rebbi Yochanan learn from the Pasuk in Hoshe'a (in connection with Achav) "Gam Mizbechosam ke'Galim al Talmei Sadai"?

(b)And what do we learn from the words "ve'Atzur ve'Azuv" (in the Pasuk in Melachim "ve'Hichrati le'Achav Mashtin ba'Kir ve'Atzur ve'Azuv be'Yisrael")?

(c)What did a. Omri, b. Achav, do to merit sitting on the throne of Yisrael? How long did the latter reign?

(d)What was the name of the city that Omri purchased from Shemer for two Kikar of silver?

10)

(a)Rebbi Yochanan learns from the Pasuk in Hoshe'a "Gam Mizbechosam ke'Galim al Talmei Sadai" that - there wasn't a heap in Eretz Yisrael on which Achav did not set up an image.

(b)And we learn from "ve'Atzur ve'Azuv" (in the Pasuk in Melachim "ve'Hichrati le'Achav Mashtin ba'Kir ve'Atzur ve'Azuv be'Yisrael") that - he lost both his portion in this world ("ve'Atzur"), and in World to Come ("ve'Azuv").

(c)Omri and Achav merited sitting on the throne of Yisrael (the latter for twenty-two years) - because the former built a city in Yisrael, whilst the latter honored the Torah (as we shall see shortly).

(d)The name of the city that Omri purchased from Shemer for two Kikar of silver was - Shomron (which soon became the capitol of Yisrael).

11)

(a)What did ben Hadad, King of Syria, demand of Achav? What did he mean by "Kol Machmad Einecha"?

(b)What was Achav's reply?

(c)"Kol Machmad Einecha" cannot have referred to Achav's idols, we explain, because the Pasuk describes how all the elders and all the people encouraged him to refuse. And we ask that perhaps "the elders" referred to here were Resha'im. Where do we find a precedent for this?

(d)What do we answer?

(e)How many Tzadikim do we know of in Yisrael at that time?

11)

(a)ben Hadad, King of Syria, demanded of Achav- that, besides his silver and gold, his wives and his most able sons, he must surrender "Kol Machmad Einecha", by which he meant all his Sifrei-Torah.

(b)Achav replied that - he was ready to concede everything that ben Hadad had asked of him, with the sole exception of the Sifrei-Torah.

(c)"Kol Machmad Einecha" cannot have referred to Achav's idols, we explain, because the Pasuk describes how all the elders and all the people encouraged him to refuse. And we ask that perhaps "the elders" referred to here, were Resha'im, like we find - in Shmuel, in connection with Avshalom, where the Pasuk writes "va'Yishar ha'Davar be'Einei Avshalom u've'Einei Kol Ziknei Yisrael (all of whom, Rav Yosef explains, were Resha'im).

(d)We answer - by referring to the words "ve'Chol Yisrael", mentioned here, among whom there must have been some Tzadikim, who would have been only too pleased to let ben Hadad take the idols away.

(e)We know that in Yisrael at that time - there were at least seven thousand Tzadikim, who did not kneel to Ba'al

12)

(a)What does Rav Nachman learn from the Pasuk (in connection with finding a spirit to entice Achav to go to war in Ramos Gilad, where he would be killed) "Vayomer Zeh be'Choh, ve'Zeh Omer be'Choh"?

(b)How does Rav Yosef query Rav Nachman?

(c)Achav's wife Izevel, was largely responsible for Achav's Rish'us in that she enticed him to follow her evil ways. What did she used to do every day?

12)

(a)Rav Nachman learns from the Pasuk (in connection with finding a spirit to entice Achav to go to war in Ramos Gilad, where he would be killed) "Vayomer Zeh be'Choh, ve'Zeh Omer be'Choh" that - Achav's deeds were equally balanced (he was a Beinoni).

(b)Rav Yosef queries Rav Nachman however - from the Pasuk which describes Achav as the worst of all the kings (which we quoted earlier), so how could he be a Beinoni?

(c)Achav's wife Izevel, was largely responsible for Achav's Rish'us in that she enticed him to follow her evil ways. Every day - she would weigh golden Shekalim to Avodah-Zarah.

13)

(a)How do we answer Rav Yosef's Kashya? What did Achav do that made him a Beinoni?

(b)We already discussed the spirit of Navos ha'Yizre'eli in the previous Perek. How did he succeed in luring Achav to the battlefield? Why did specifically the spirit of Navos volunteer to do that?

(c)Rav Papa cites the adage based on Navos' act and punishment (that he was ordered to leave Hash-m's presence for lying) 'de'Para Kineih Machriv Beiseih'. What does this mean?

13)

(a)To answer Rav Yosef's Kashya, we explain - that Achav balanced this out with his generous nature, which included benefiting Talmidei-Chachamim with his property, which in turn, caused him to be labeled a Beinoni.

(b)We already discussed the spirit of Navos ha'Yizre'eli in the previous Perek. He succeeded in luring Achav to the battlefield - by entering the mouths of the false prophets and prophesying that he would emerge victorious. Specifically the spirit of Navos volunteered to do that - because Achav had had had him sentenced to death via false testimony.

(c)Rav Papa cites the adage based on Navos' act and punishment (that he was ordered to leave Hash-m's presence for lying) 'de'Para Kineih Machriv Beiseih' - meaning that - 'vengeance is self-destructive'.

14)

(a)The Pasuk in Melachim records that Achav sinned more than all the previous kings. What, according to Rebbi Yochanan, did he write on the gates of Shomron? What does this demonstrate?

(b)King Achazyahu too, ranks among the worst kings. What would he do with the Sifrei-Torah?

(c)'Menasheh' is the acronym of 'she'Nashah Kah'. What does 'she'Nashah Kah' mean?

(d)What does the Tana Kama of our Mishnah learn from the Pasuk (in connection with Menasheh) "Vaya'as Asheirah ka'asher Asah Achav"?

14)

(a)The Pasuk in Melachim records that Achav sinned more than all the previous kings. According to Rebbi Yochanan, he even wrote on the gates of Shomron - 'Achav denied the G-d of Yisrael. Therefore he has no portion in the G-d of Yisrael', a proof that he sinned (not le'Te'avon [out of pleasure], but) purely 'Le'hachis' (to anger Hash-m).

(b)King Achazyahu too, ranks among the worst kings. He would - cut out the Names of Hash-m from the Sifrei-Torah and replace them with names of other gods.

(c)'Menasheh' is the acronym of 'she'Nashah Kah', which means - 'who forgot Hashem'.

(d)The Tana Kama of our Mishnah learns from the Pasuk (in connection with Menasheh) "Vaya'as Asheirah ka'asher Asah Achav" that - just as Achav lost his portion in Olam ha'Ba, so too, did Menasheh.

15)

(a)According to Rebbi Yochanan, the Tana Kama and Rebbi Yehudah (who holds that Menasheh does have a portion in Olam ha'Ba) learn their respective opinions from the same Pasuk "u'Nesatim le'Za'avah le'Chol Maml'chos ha'Aretz bi'Gelal Menasheh ben Chizkiyahu". What is the Pasuk talking about?

(b)How does ...

1. ... Rebbi Yehudah interpret "bi'Gelal Menasheh"?

2. ... the Tana Kama interpret it?

15)

(a)According to Rebbi Yochanan, the Tana Kama and Rebbi Yehudah (who holds that Menasheh has a portion in Olam ha'Ba) learn their respective opinions from the same Pasuk "u'Nesatim le'Za'avah le'Chol Maml'chos ha'Aretz bi'Gelal Menasheh ben Chizkiyahu", which is coming to connect the terrible punishments that await the kings at the time of the Churban with Menasheh.

(b)According to ...

1. ... Rebbi Yehudah, "Hash-m will severely punish the kings who followed Menasheh - "because of Menasheh", who did Teshuvah and they did not learn from him.

2. ... the Tana Kama, He will punish them - "because of Menasheh", who did not do Teshuvah, and whose example they emulated.

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