Mishnah 1
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1)

(a)To whom does a Mefateh pay the Boshes, the P'gam and the K'nas of a Na'arah who has been enticed?

(b)What does the Tana mean when he adds 've'Tza'ar bi'Tefusah'? What is a 'T'fusah'?

(c)What happens to the above obligations in the event that the father dies after Beis-Din have ruled that the Me'aneis/Mefateh is Chayav?

(d)What if he dies before that?

(e)Why is that?

1)

(a)A Mefateh pays the Boshes, the P'gam and the K'nas of a Na'arah who has been enticed - to her father.

(b)When he adds 've'Tza'ar bi'Tefusah' (See Tos. Yom-Tov), he means that - in the case of an Anusah too, the Tza'ar goes to the father.

(c)These rulings apply - even in the event that the father dies after Beis-Din have ruled that the Me'aneis/Mefateh is Chayav.

(d)If he dies before that - then they all go to thye girl herself (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

(e)... because before Beis-Din have issued a ruling, it is not considered Mamon to bequeath to his children (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

2)

(a)What will be the Din in the above cases, but where instead of her father dying, she becomes a Bogeres?

(b)What does Rebbi Shimon say in a case where the father dies (or she becomes a Bogeres) after Beis-Din have obligated the man to pay, but before he has actually paid?

(c)How does he learn it from the Pasuk in Ki Seitzei "Venasan ha'Ish ... la'Avi ha'Na'arah"?

(d)Like whom is the Halachah?

2)

(a)If in the above cases, instead of her father dying, she becomes a Bogeres - exactly the same rulings apply.

(b)In a case where the father dies (or she becomes a Bogeres) after Beis-Din have obligated the man to pay but before he has actually paid, Rebbi Shimon rules - that the payments belong to her.

(c)He learns it from the Pasuk in Ki Seitzei "Venasan ha'Ish ... la'Avi ha'Na'arah" - which implies that the money only belongs to the father once he receives it.

(d)The Halachah is - like the Tana Kama.

3)

(a)What happens to the work that a daughter produces (or the wages that she earns) whilst she is still living with her father?

(b)What does the Tana now say about the work that she produces (or the wages ... ) before her father dies and where he subsequently dies?

(c)What does he mean when he says 'even though she has not claimed it'?

(d)This makes no sense with regard to her findings. In that case, why does the Tana insert 'Metzi'asah'? What basic Halachah does this teach us?

3)

(a)Work that a daughter produces (or the wages that she earns) whilst she is still living with her father - belongs to her father.

(b)The Tana now rules that the work that she produces before her father dies (or the wages ... ), and where he subsequently dies - goes to his heirs.

(c)When he says 'even though she has not claimed it' he means - even if she worked for someone who has not yet paid her at the time that her father died.

(d)This makes no sense with regard to her findings. Consequently, the Tana inserts 'Metzi'asah' to teach us that - what she produces after her father's death, just like what she finds (See Tos. Yom-Tov), she retains (and her father's heirs cannot claim them [See Tos. Yom-Tov]).

Mishnah 2
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4)

(a)What distinction does the Tana Kama draw between a man who betroths his daughter, who subsequently becomes divorced or widowed, and one who actually takes her under the Chupah?

(b)Is an Arusah entitled to a Kesubah?

(c)What does Rebbi Yehudah mean when he says 'ha'Rishonah shel Av'?

4)

(a)The Tana Kama rules that - whereas if a man betroths his daughter, who subsequently becomes divorced or widowed receives her Kesuvah, if he actually takes her under the Chupah - he does not.

(b)This Tana clearly holds that - an Arusah is entitled to a Kesubah (See also Tos. Yom-Tov).

(c)When Rebbi Yehudah says 'ha'Rishonah shel Av', he means that - we go after the time the first Kesubah is written (i.e. before the wedding), in which case her father receives her Kesubah in the latter case too.

5)

(a)What is the Chachamim's final comment (See Tos- Yom-Tov)?

(b)Why is that?

(c)like whom is the Halachah?

5)

(a)The Chachamim's final comment is - 'Once he marries her off, he forfeits his right to her Kesubah ...

(b)... because we go after the time the Kesubah is claimed, not after the time it is written.

(c)The Halachah is - like the Chachamim.

Mishnah 3
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6)

(a)The Mishnah discusses the daughter of a Giyores who converted (before the age of three) together with her mother and who committed adultery after becoming betrothed. What is the significance of the fact that she converted before the age of three?

(b)What punishment would one have expected her to receive?

(c)What punishment does she in fact, receive?

(d)How do we learn this from the Pasuk in Ki Seitzei (in connection with a Na'arah Me'urasah) " ... ki Nevalah As'sah be'Yisrael"?

6)

(a)The Mishnah discusses the daughter of a Giyores who converted before the age of three - when she still has a Chezkas Besulah, together with her mother and who committed adultery after becoming betrothed.

(b)One would have expected her to receive - S'kilah (like a regular Na'arah ha'Me'urasah)

(c)In fact - she is subject to Chenek (like a married woman).

(d)We learn this from the word in Ki Seitzei "be'Yisrael" (in the Pasuk in Ki Seitzei, in connection with a Na'arah Me'urasah "ki Nevalah As'sah be'Yisrael") - which is superfluous, and which therefore comes to preclude a Giyores from the Din of S'kilah.

7)

(a)Based on the same source, the Mishnah presents two other issues where the Din of a young Giyores differs from that of a regular Bas Yisrael. One of them is that she is not subject to 'Pesach Beis Avihah'. What does this mean?

(b)What is the other distinction?

(c)What do we learn from the word "va'Meisah" (in the Pasuk there "u'Sekaluhah ba'Avanim va'Meisah")? Which of the above Dinim is affected by this D'rashah?

(d)How about the Din of 'Pesach Beis Avihah' and K'nas (Me'ah Selah)?

(e)Why is that?

7)

(a)Based on the same source, the Mishnah presents two other issues where the Din of a young Giyores differs from that of a regular Bas Yisrael. One of them is that she is not subject to 'Pesach Beis Avihah' - meaning that she is not put to death at the entrance of her father's house ...

(b)... the other - that she is not subject to the K'nas of a hundred Sela (for Motzi-Shem-Ra), if her husband accuses her falsely of adultery the morning after their wedding.

(c)From the word "va'Meisah" (in the Pasuk there "u'Sekaluhah ba'Avanim va'Meisah"), we learn that - if the same girl is born after her mother converted she is subject to S'kilah (even though she was conceived beforehand [See Tos. Yom-Tov]).

(d)The Din of 'Pesach Beis Avihah' and K'nas (Me'ah Selah) - remains the same as in the previous case ...

(e)... since the D'rashah is confines to the Din of Misah.

8)

(a)What if the same girl was not only born after her mother converted but was also conceived then?

(b)Bearing in mind that the Pasuk writes "Pesach Beis Avihah" (in connection with the S'kilah of a Na'arah ha'Me'urasah), what will be the Din regarding S'kilah if a Na'arah has no father or if there is no Pesach Beis ha'Av?

(c)Then why does the Torah mention it?

8)

(a)If the same girl was not only born after her mother converted but was also conceived then - she is a fully-fledged Jewess regarding all the above Dinim.

(b)Despite the fact that the Pasuk writes "Pesach Beis Avihah" (in connection with the S'kilah of a Na'arah ha'Me'urasah), a Na'arah ha'Me'urasah who commits adultery will receive S'kilah - even if she has no father or if there is no Pesach Beis ha'Av ...

(c)... because the Torah only mentions it Lechatchilah.

Mishnah 4
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9)

(a)Which three things/rights does the Mishnah list that a father acquires with regard to his daughter's Kidushin?

(b)At which two stages does he acquire them?

(c)How do we learn 'Kesef' from the words " Ein Kasef" (in the Pasuk in Mishpatim [in connection with an Amah ha'Ivriyah] "Veyatz'ah Chinam Ein Kasef")?

(d)What does the Tana mean when he says that the father acquires the rights with regard to ...

1. ... Sh'tar?

2. ... Bi'ah?

(e)How do we learn this from the word "Vehaysah" (in connection with Kidushin)?

9)

(a)The three things/rights listed by the Mishnah that a father acquires with regard to his daughter's Kidushin are - Kesef, Sh'tar and Bi'ah.

(b)He acquires them - whilst she is a Ketanah and a Na'arah, but not once she becomes a Bogeres.

(c)We learn 'Kesef' from the words "Ein Kasef" (in the Pasuk in Mishpatim [in connection with an Amah ha'Ivriyah] "Veyatz'ah Chinam Ein Kasef") - from which we extrapolate 'Ein Kesef le'Adon Zeh (her master), Aval Yesh Kesef le'Adon Acher' (her father).

(d)When the Tana says that the father acquires the rights with regard to ...

1. ... Sh'tar, he means - that he is entitled to acquire the Sh'tar Kidushin on her behalf (See also Tiferes Yisrael).

2. ... Bi'ah, he means - that he has the authority to hand her over to anybody he chooses to betroth her with Bi'ah.

(e)We learn this from the word "Vehaysah" (in connection with Kidushin) - that Sh'tar and Bi'ah have the same Din as Kesef in this regard.

10)

(a)On what basis does a father acquire the rights to his daughter's findings?

(b)And what do we learn from ...

1. ... the Hekesh of "Bito" to "Amah" (in the Pasuk in Mishpatim "ve'Chi Yimkor Ish es Bito le'Amah")?

2. ... the Pasuk in Matos (in connection with Nedarim) "bi'Ne'urehah Beis Avihah"?

3. ... the Hekesh (in connection with divorce) "ve'Yatz'ah ve'Haysah"?

(c)And what does the Tana mean when he says that ...

1. ... the father may not eat the fruit during her life-time? Which fruit is he talking about?

2. ... if she marries, her husband has an advantage over her father? Which advantage?

10)

(a)A father acquires the rights to his daughter's findings - on the basis of a Takanas Chachamim, to avoid discord between a father and a daughter who is eating at his table.

(b)And we learn from ...

1. ... the Hekesh of "Bito" to "Amah" (in the Pasuk in Mishpatim "ve'Chi Yimkor Ish es Bito le'Amah") - that just as the work that an Amah Ivriyah produces belongs to her master, so too, does the work that a daughter produces belongs to her father (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

2. ... the Pasuk in Matos (in connection with Nedarim) "bi'Ne'urehah Beis Avihah" - that a father has the right to anul his daughter's Nedarim (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

3. ... the Hekesh (in connection with divorce) "ve'Yatz'ah ve'Haysah" - that a father has the right to receive his daughter's Get just as he has the right to receive her Sh'tar Kidushin.

(c)And when the Tana says that ...

1. ... the father may not eat the fruit during her life-time, he is referring to - the fruit that grows on land that she inherited from her maternal grandfather (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

2. ... if she marries, her husband has an advantage over her father, he means - that he is permitted to do so (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

11)

(a)The Mishnah adds three obligations that a husband is Chayav once he is married that a father is not: Mezonos, Purkanah and Kevurah. What is the definition of 'Purkanah'?

(b)Why did the Chachamim institute the obligation to bury one's deceased wife?

(c)What does Rebbi Yehudah say about the obligation of a man towards his deceased wife? What is the minimum that even the poorest in Yisrael is obligated to do?

(d)What do the Chachamim say (See Tos. Yom-Tov)?

11)

(a)The Mishnah adds three obligations that a husband is Chayav once he is married that a father is not: Mezonos, Purkanah - redeeming her in the event that she is captured, and Kevurah (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

(b)The Chachamim instituted the obligation to bury one's deceased wife - in return for the fact that he inherits her should she die.

(c)Rebbi Yehudah obligates a man (even if he the poorest in Yisrael) - to hire the minimum of two flautists and a female woman who sings dirges to mourn his deceased wife, if that is his family custom.

(d)The Chachamim maintain - that he is not obligated to do so, unless it is *her* family custom, too (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

Mishnah 5
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12)

(a)At which stage does ...

1. ... a man become obligated to sustain his betrothed 'wife'?

2. ... is a bas Yisrael who is marrying a Kohen permitted to eat Terumah?

(b)In connection with the previous question, what is the status of a girl whose father has handed her over to the husband's Sheluchim?

(c)What if her father or her father's Sh'luchim ...

1. ... accompanied the Chasan's Sheluchim to his house?

2. ... met his Sheluchim and handed her over to them?

12)

(a)The stage at which ...

1. ... a man becomes obligated to sustain his betrothed 'wife' is - when the date that they fixed for the wedding arrives.

2. ... a bas Yisrael who is marrying a Kohen is permitted to eat Terumah is - after she has been handed over into his domain in order to go under the Chupah (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

(b)A girl whose father has handed her over to the Chasan's Sheluchim - is in his domain (and is permitted to eat Terumah [See Tos. Yom-Tov]).

(c)If her father or his Sheluchim ...

1. ... accompanied his Sheluchim to his house - she remains in her father's domain (and is not permitted to eat Terumah), whereas if they ...

2. ... met his Sheluchim and handed her over to them - she is in the domain of her Chasan (See Tiferes Yisrael).

Mishnah 6
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13)

(a)What does the Mishnah say about a father's obligation towards sustaining his daughters?

(b)What about sustaining his sons?

(c)From which age does this apply?

(d)What is the Din regarding children who are below that age?

13)

(a)The Mishnah rules that - a father is not obligated to sustain his daughters ...

(b)... or his sons ...

(c)... once they reach the age of six.

(d)If he has children who are below that age - Beis-Din force him to feed them (even if he is not well-off [See Tos. Yom-Tov]).

14)

(a)On what condition do Beis-Din force a father to sustain his children even if they are above the age of six?

(b)What do Beis-Din do in the event that he is not well-off?

14)

(a)Beis-Din force a father to sustain his children even if they above the age of six - if he is well-off.

(b)If he is not - Beis-Din curse him and tell him what a cruel man he is, even worse than the wild beasts in the jungle, who feed their young.

15)

(a)Rebbi Elazar ben Azaryah Darshened before the Chachamim in the 'vineyard' in Yavneh. Why does the Mishnah refer to the Sanhedrin as 'a vineyard'?

(b)What is the source of the statement 'The sons inherit; the daughters are sustained'?

(c)What sort of inheritance is the Tana talking about here?

(d)What parallel did Rebbi Elazar ben Azaryah draw between the inheritance of the sons and the sustenance of the daughters?

15)

(a)Rebbi Elazar ben Azaryah Darshened before the Chachamim in the 'vineyard' in Yavneh. The Mishnah refers to the Sanhedrin as 'a vineyard' - because, like the vines in a vineyard, the Chachamim sat in rows.

(b)The statement 'The sons inherit; the daughters are sustained' - is the wording of the Tena'ei Kesubah (the conditions of the Kesubah).

(c)The inheritance mentioned by the Tana - is the Kesubas 'B'nin Dichrin' (the rights of the sons of each of his wives to inherit their mother's Kesubah).

(d)Rebbi Elazar ben Azaryah learns - that just as the sons only inherit their mother's Kesubah after their father's death, so too, are the daughters' sustained only after their father's death.

Mishnah 7
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16)

(a)What will be the Din if a man who failed to write his wife a Kesubah divorces her or dies, assuming he married her when she was ...

1. ... a Besulah?

2. ... an Almanah?

(b)And what does the Mishnah say about a case where he writes out a field worth one hundred Zuz for the Kesubah of a Besulah when he marries her, without stating that all his property is Meshubad to her?

(c)What is the reason for both of these rulings (and of the subsequent Mishnahs)?

16)

(a)If a man who failed to write his wife a Kesubah divorces her or dies, assuming he married her when she was ...

1. ... a Besulah - she is entitled to claim her Kesubah of two hundred Zuz, and if she was ...

2. ... an Almanah - that of one hundred Zuz.

(b)If he writes out a field worth one hundred Zuz for the Kesubah of a Besulah when he marries her, without stating that all his property is Meshubad to her - she is nevertheless entitled to claim the full two hundred Zuz from his property (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

(c)The reason for both of these rulings (and of the subsequent Mishnahs) is - because Kesubah is a T'nai Beis-Din (which is not subject to his conditions.

Mishnah 8
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17)

(a)A Yisrael inserts in his wife's Kesubah that if she is captured, he will redeem her and take her back. What does a Kohen write?

(b)What if he fails to do so?

(c)Seeing as he is forced to divorce her, is he obligated to pay her her Kesubah?

17)

(a)A Yisrael inserts in his wife's Kesubah that if she is captured, he will redeem her and take her back. A Kohen writes - that he will also return her to her father's house ...

(b)... both of which he is obligated to do whether he specifically wrote it or not.

(c)Despite the fact that he is forced to divorce her - he is obligated to give her her Kesubah (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

Mishnah 9
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18)

(a)What does the Tana say about a case where the husband hands his captured wife a Get and her Kesubah, instructing her to pay her own way out?

(b)On what grounds is a husband Chayav to pay for his wife's doctor's fees if she is sick?

(c)What will the Din then be if he hands his sick wife a Get and her Kesubah, with instructions to pay the doctor's fees herself?

(d)Why is that?

18)

(a)The Tana rules that if the husband hands his captured wife a Get and her Kesubah, instructing her to pay her own way out - we ignore his instructions and obligate him to fulfill his obligation.

(b)A husband is Chayav to pay for his wife's doctor's fees if she is sick - because it is included in Mezonos.

(c)Consequently, if he hands her a Get and her Kesubah, with instructions to pay the doctor's fees herself - he is Patur ...

(d)... since a husband is not obligated to sustain his divorced wife (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

Mishnah 10
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19)

(a)What is Kesubas B'nin Dichrin?

(b)Why, in the even that a father fails to insert 'K'subas B'nin Dichrin' in the Kesubah, is it nevertheless valid (See Tos. Yom-Tov)?

(c)Seeing as all one's children are due to receive it, what are the ramifications of the Takanah?

(d)From which property are the children entitled to claim 'K'subas B'nin Dichrin'?

(e)On what condition can they claim it?

19)

(a)'Kesubas B'nin Dichrin' is - the right of the children that each man's wife bears him to inherit his mother's Kesubah over and above his share in his father's inheritance, in the event that his mother is no longer alive when his father dies.

(b)In the even that a father fails to insert 'K'subas B'nin Dichrin' in the Kesubah, is it nevertheless valid (See Tos. Yom-Tov) - because it too is a T'nai Kesubah.

(c)Despite the fact that all one's children are due to receive it, the ramifications of the Takanah are there where, either one wife's Kesubah differs from the other or where one has more children that the other.

(d)The children are entitled to claim 'K'subas B'nin Dichrin' - from Karka, but not from Metalt'lin.

(e)They can only claim it - if the father leaves at least one Dinar (as inheritance) over and above the total value of all the combined Kesuvos.

Mishnah 11
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20)

(a)In what way are a man's daughters also subject to T'nai Kesubah?

(b)For how long do they receive Mezonos?

(c)When will they no longer receive Mezonos even if they are not yet betrothed?

20)

(a)A man's daughters are also subject to T'nai Kesubah- inasmuch as they are entitled to continue to live in their father's house after his death (See Tos. Yom-Tov) and to be sustained from his estate (Tos. Yom-Tov) until ...

(b)... either they become betrothed ...

(c)... or they become Bogros.

Mishnah 12
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21)

(a)What additional T'nai Beis-Din does the Mishnah finally discuss in connection with a man's wife?

(b)The men of Yerushalayim used to write 'as long as you are widowed'. What clause did the men of Yehudah used to add?

(c)What are the ramifications of this addition?

21)

(a)The Mishnah finally discusses the T'nai Beis-Din - in connection with the Mezonos to which his wife is entitled after his death.

(b)The men of Yerushalayim used to write in the Kesubah 'as long as you are widowed'. The men of Yehudah used to add - 'until my heirs decide to pay you your Kesubah ...

(c)... giving them the authority to pay her her Kesubah at any time and to become exempt from sustaining her from their father's estate.

22)

(a)What did the men of Galil used to do?

(b)Like whom is the Halachah?

(c)What mandate does this give a widow?

(d)Apart from marriage, what else will cause a woman to lose it?

22)

(a)The men of Galil used to follow the practice of the men of Yerushalayim ...

(b)... which is the Halachah.

(c)This gives a widow a mandate - to sustain herself from her deceased husband's property and to continue living in his house (See Tos. Yom-Tov) as she did previously.

(d)Apart from marriage - claiming her Kesubah will cause a woman to lose it.

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