Mishnah 1
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1)

(a)The Mishnah incorporates 'everybody' (with a few exceptions, in the Mitzvah of Re'iyah'. What is the Mitzvah of Re'iyah?

(b)Among the many exceptions are 'Cheresh, Shoteh ve'Katan'. What is the definition of 'Cheresh' in this case?

(c)What if he is able to hear with one ear?

1)

(a)) The Mishnah incorporates 'everybody' (with a few exceptions, in the Mitzvah of Re'iyah' - which comprises appearing in the Azarah before Hash-m on Yom-Tov together with an Olas Re'iyah.

(b)Among the many exceptions are 'Cheresh, Shoteh ve'Katan'. 'Cheresh' in this case refers to - someone who cannot hear, even if he is able to speak (See Tos. Yom-Tov) ...

(c)... and it applies even if he is able to hear with one ear.

2)

(a)The Torah writes in Vayeilech (in connection with the Mitzvah of Hakheil) 'be'Vo Kol Yisrael Lir'os es P'nei Hash-m ... ". What do we learn from the words there ...

1. ... "Lema'an Yishme'u"?

2. ... "u'Lema'an Yilm'du"?

(b)On what grounds are a Cheresh and a Katan Patur from Re'iyah?

(c)At which point does a Katan's father become Chayav to take him to the Beis-ha'Mikdash to fulfill the Mitzvah because of Chinuch?

2)

(a)The Torah writes in Vayeilech (in connection with the Mitzvah of Hakheil) 'be'Vo Kol Yisrael Lir'os es P'nei Hash-m ... ". We learn from the words there ...

1. ... "Lema'an Yishme'u" - that someone who cannot hear properly (even with just one ear) is Patur from Re'iyah, and from ...

2. ... "u'Lema'an Yilm'du" - that someone who is dumb (even though he is able to hear) is Patur, too.

(b)A Cheresh and a Katan are Patur from Re'iyah - because, since they have no Da'as (i.e. lack in intelligence), they are Patur from all Mitzvos.

(c)A Katan's father becomes Chayav to take him to the Beis-ha'Mikdash to fulfill the Mitzvah because of Chinuch - as soon as he is able to take his father's hand and walk with him up to the Beis-ha'Mikdash (as we shall learn later).

3)

(a)Which three categories does the Torah preclude from the Mitzvah when it writes "Zechurcha"?

(b)Aside from the fact that Avadim Cna'anim are only Chayav the Mitzvos that women are Chayav, from which Pasuk can we also learn that they are Patur?

(c)And which two categories, besides a person who is lame or sick) do we exempt based on the words "Shalosh *Regalim*"?

(d)What is the definition of 'Someone who is unable to walk on foot?

(e)What distance must he be unable to walk in order to be Patur?

3)

(a)The three categories that the Torah precludes from the Mitzvah when it writes "Zechurcha" are - Tumtum, Androginus and women.

(b)Aside from the fact that Avadim are only Chayav the Mitzvos that women are Chayav, we can also learn that they are Patur from the Pasuk in Vayeilech - "be'Vo Kol Yisrael Lera'os" (and an Eved Cana'ani does not fall into the category of 'Yisrael'.

(c)And besides a person who is lame or sick) - we exempt an old person and one who is unable to walk on foot, based on the words "Shalosh *Regalim*".

(d)'Someone who is unable to walk on foot' - means that he is too finnicky to do so.

(e)He must be unable to walk - from Yerushalayim to the Azarah (See Tos.uyom-Tov) in order to be Patur.

4)

(a)How does the Mishnah learn from the Pasuk in Vayeilech "be'Vo Kol Yisrael Le'ra'os ... " that a blind person is also included in the list of those who are Patur from Re'iyah?

(b)Why is he Patur even if he is blind only in one eye?

(c)Whom does the Mishnah now come to include when it writes that 'Everybody is Chayav Re'iyah'?

(d)However this is not the Halachah. Why not?

4)

(a)The Mishnah learns from the Pasuk in Vayeilech "be'Vo Kol Yisrael Le'ra'os ... " that a blind person is also included in the list of those who are Patur from Re'iyah - by Darshening 'Lir'os "Lera'os" (just as one comes to be seen by Hash-m, who sees Kevayachol, so too, should one come to see the location of the Shechinah.

(b)And he is Patur even if he is blind only in one eye - just as Hash-m sees with both eyes.

(c)When the Tana writes that 'Everybody is Chayav Re'iyah', he comes to - a Chatzi Eved ve'Chatzi ben Chorin ...

(d)... though this is not the Halachah - since a Chatzi Eved ve'Chatzi ben Chorin is Patur - due to the half of him that is an Eved (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

5)

(a)Which principle governs the ruling that exempts a Katan who cannot walk with his father from the Mitzvah of Re'iyah based on the Pasuk "Shalosh Regalim"?

(b)This is the opinion of Beis Hillel. According to Beis Shamai, at which point is a father obligated to take his child to perform the Mitzvah?

5)

(a)The principle that governs the ruling exempting a Katan who cannot walk with his father from the Mitzvah of Re'iyah, based on the Pasuk "Shalosh Regalim" is - wherever a Gadol is Patur min ha'Torah, Katan is not subject to Chinuch.

(b)This is the opinion of Beis Hillel. According to Beis Shamai, at a father is obligated to take his child to perform the Mitzvah - as soon as the latter is able to ride on his father's shoulders from Yerushalayim to the har ha'Bayis (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

Mishnah 2
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6)

(a)From which Pasuk in Mishpatim do we learn the obligation to bring an 'Olas Re'iyah'?

(b)According to Beis Shamai, the Olas Re'iyah must cost at least two Ma'ah (of purified silver). How many barley-grains is that the equivalent of in weight?

(c)What do we learn from the Pasuk in ...

1. ... Bo "Vechagosem oso Chag la'Hashem"?

2. ... Re'ei "Ish ke'Matnas Yado"?

6)

(a)We learn the obligation to bring an 'Olas Re'iyah'Pasuk in Mishpatim - "ve'Lo Yera'u Panai Reikam".

(b)According to Beis Shamai, the Olas Re'iyah must cost at least two Ma'ah (of purified silver) - which are equivalent in weight to thirty-two barley-grains.

(c)We learn from the Pasuk in ...

1. ... Bo "Vechagosem oso Chag la'Hashem" - that together with the Olas Re'iyah one brings a Shalmei Chagigah (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

2. ... Re'ei "Ish ke'Matnas Yado" - that the las Re'iyah and the Shalmei Chagigah have no Shi'ur min ha'Torah.

7)

(a)According to Beis Shamai, the minimum value of a Chagigah is one silver Ma'ah. What Shi'ur do Beis Hillel give for the Olas Re'iyah and the Shalmei Chagigah?

(b)On what basis do they require the Shalmei Chagigah to cost more than the Olas Re'iyah?

(c)What is the source of both Beis Shamai and Beis Hillel regarding the Shi'ur of the Olas Re'iyah and the Shalmei Chagigah?

7)

(a)According to Beis Shamai, the minimum value of a Chagigah is one silver Ma'ah. Beis Hillel reverse the minimum value of the Olas Re'iyah (one silver Ma'ah) and the Shalmei Chagigah (two silver Ma'ah).

(b)They require the Shalmei Chagigah to cost more than the Olas Re'iyah - since unlike the Olas Re'eiyah, which is given entirely to Hash-m, part of it is also eaten by the owner.

(c)The source of both Beis Shamai and Beis Hillel regarding the Shi'ur of the Olas Re'iyah and the Shalmei Chagigah is - mi'de'Rabbanan.

8)

(a)(d) Which third Korban is one obligated to bring on Yom-Tov, based on the Pasuk in Ki Savo "Vezavachta Shelamim Ve'achalta Sham, Vesamachta"?

(b)What do we learn from the Pasuk in Re'ei "Vesamachta Atah u'Veisecha"?

8)

(a)(d) The third Korban that one is obligated to bring on Yom-Tov, based on the Pasuk in Ki Savo "Vezavachta Shelamim Ve'achalta Sham, Vesamachta" (See Tos. Yom-Tov) is the Shalmei Simchah (that one is obligated to eat each day of the Chag).

(b)And from the Pasuk in Re'ei "Vesamachta Atah u'Veisecha" we learn - that women are included in the Chiyuv (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

Mishnah 3
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9)

(a)When the Mishnah (which is missing a few words) says 'Olos be'Mo'ed Ba'os min ha'Chulin', is really issuing two rulings. One, regarding Olos Nedarim and Nedavos, the other, a dual statement regarding Olos Re'iyah. What is the Tana saying about ...

1. ... Nedarim and Nedavos?

2. ... Re'iyah?

(b)We would otherwise have thought that one cannot bring the latter on Yom-Tov either?

(c)Then why is it permitted?

(d)What exactly is the Mishnah referring to when it permits Shelamim to be brought (and Yom-Tov and) from Ma'aser Sheini money?

9)

(a)When the Mishnah (which is missing a few words) says 'Olos be'Mo'ed Ba'os min ha'Chulin', is really issuing two rulings. The Tana is ruling that Olos ...

1. ... Nedarim and Nedavos can only be brought on Chol ha'Mo'ed (but not on Yom-Tov) and that ...

2. ... Re'iyah can even be brought on Yom-Tov, and that they must be purchased with Chulin money (and not with money of Ma'aser Sheini).

(b)Why would we otherwise have thought that one cannot bring the latter on Yom-Tov - seeing one has another seven days (the 'Shiv'as Yemei Tashlumin') on which to bring them).

(c)It is nevertheless permitted - because the Ikar Mitzvah is to bring it on the first day of Yom-Tov.

(d)When the Mishnah permits Shelamim to be brought (and Yom-Tov and) from Ma'aser Sheini money it is referring to - Shalmei Simchah.

10)

(a)Beis Shamai and Beis Hillel argue over whether one brings the Shalmei Chagigah of the first day of Pesach from Chulin (Beis Shamai) or even from Ma'aser (Beis Hillel). What do they say on the first days of Shavu'os and Succos?

(b)Then why do they mention specifically the first day of Pesach?

(c)On what condition is the Chagigah brought on the fourteenth of Nisan?

(d)In what way does it differ from the Chagigah that is brought on Yom-Tov itself?

10)

(a)Beis Shamai and Beis Hillel argue over whether one brings the Shalmei Chagigah of the first day of Pesach from Chulin (Beis Shamai) or even from Ma'aser (Beis Hillel).In fact - the same applies to the first days of Shavu'os and Succos ...

(b)... and the reason that they mention specifically the first day of Pesach is - to preclude the Chagigah that is sometimes brought on Erev Pesach and eaten together with the Korban Pesach ...

(c)... if the group is too large to eat the Korban Pesach 'al ha'Sova'.

(d)And it differs from the Chagigah that is brought on Yom-Tov itself - inasmuch as it can be purchased with Ma'aser-Sheini money (See Tos. Yom-Tov), even according to Beis Shamai.

11)

(a)What is the problem with Beis Hillel's opinion?

(b)And we answer 'be'Tofel'. What does 'Tofel' mean?

(c)Why may one bring it in the form of Ma'aser?

11)

(a)The problem with Beis Hillel's opinion is - why he permits a Shalmei Chagigah, which is obligatory, to be brought from Ma'aser money?

(b)And we answer 'be'Tofel', which means - that it is speaking where there are a lot of participants in the Korban Pesach, and that one Chagigah will suffice for them all. So one brings the Chachigah with Chulin money and additional Chagigos from Ma'aser Sheini money (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

(c)Which is permitted, because Beis Hillel holds - that, having fulfilled his basic obligation with the first Chagigah, he is permitted to bring the additional ones from Ma'aser.

Mishnah 4
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12)

(a)What does the Mishnah say about a Yisrael fulfilling his obligation of Shalmei Simchah with Nedarim and Nedavos?

(b)Which three Korbanos does the Tana list with regard to Kohanim fulfilling the same Mitzvah?

(c)And what does he say about their being Yotzei with ...

1. ... 'Chazeh ve'Shok'?

2. ... birds (Chatas ha'Of)?

3. ... Menachos?

12)

(a)The Mishnah rules - that a Yisrael can fulfill his obligation of Shalmei Simchah with Nedarim and Nedavos (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

(b)With regard to Kohanim fulfilling the same Mitzvah, the Tana lists - Chata'os, Ashamos and B'chor.

(c)He also includes ...

1. ... 'Chazeh ve'Shok' in the list, but precludes ...

2. ... birds (Chatas ha'Of) and ...

3. ... Menachos (See also Tos. Yom-Tov).

13)

(a)How does the Mishnah learn the above concessions from the Pasuk in Re'ei "Vesamachta be'Chagecha"?

(b)On what additional principle is the concession based?

(c)Then why is Basar Of not included?

13)

(a)The Mishnah learn the above concessions from the Pasuk in Re'ei "Vesamachta be'Chagecha" - which incorporates whatever gives a person pleasure ...

(b)... as long as it is via eating Basar, based on the principle -'Ein Simchah Ela be'Basar'.

(c)Basar Of is not included, since the Pasuk used the word "be'Chagecha", which implies meat that is eligible for a Chagigah.

Mishnah 5
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14)

(a)What distinction does the Mishnah draw between someone who has a large family and is not wealthy), on the one hand, and a wealthy person who has a small family, on the other?

(b)About what sort of person did we then learn earlier 'a silver Ma'ah and two silver Ma'ah'?

(c)And what does the Torah write (in Re'ei) about someone who has a large family and a lot ot property?

14)

(a)The Mishnah rules that someone who has a large family and is not wealthy) - brings many Shalmei Chagigah (See Tos. Yom-Tov) and few Olos Re'iyah, whereas a wealthy person who has a small family, on the other - does the reverse.

(b)We learned earlier about 'a silver Ma'ah and two silver Ma'ah' - about a poor person who has a small family.

(c)And finally, the Torah writes (in Re'ei) about someone who has a large family and a lot ot property "Ish ke'Matnas Yado ke'Virkas Hash-m Elokecha asher Nasan lach".

Mishnah 6
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15)

(a)About whom is the Tana speaking when he refers to 'Someone who did not celebrate (Mi she'Lo Chag) on the first day of Yom'Tov'?

(b)What does he say about him?

(c)What does he mean when he adds 've'Yom-Tov ha'Acharon shel Chag'?

(d)What is the source of the Halachah that Shavu'os too, has 'Seven days of compensation (Shiv'as Yemei Tashlumin)?

(e)About whom does the Pasuk in Koheles say "Me'uvas Lo Yachol Liskon ve'Chesaron Lo Yuchal Lehimanos"?

15)

(a)When the Tana refers to 'Someone who did not celebrate (Mi she'Lo Chag) on the first day of Yom'Tov' is speaking about - a person who did not bring the Olos Re'iyah and Shalmei Chagigah (See Tos. Yom-Tov) on the first day of Yom-Tov ...

(b)... who must then bring them any time during Yom-Tov (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

(c)When he adds 've'Yom-Tov ha'Acharon shel Chag', he means - that on Succos, he still has Shemini Atzeres on which to bring them (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

(d)The source of the Halachah that Shavu'os too, has 'Seven days of compensation (Shiv'as Yemei Tashlumin) is - the Pasuk (in Re'ei) "be'Chag ha'Matzos, be'Chag ha'Shavu'os u've'Chag ha"Succos, which compares all the Yamim-Tovim to one another (See Meleches Sh'lomoh).

(e)The Pasuk in Koheles says "Me'uvas Lo Yachol Liskon ve'Chesaron Lo Yuchal Lehimanos" - refers to someone who failed to bring his Korbanos before the allotted time period ran out.

Mishnah 7
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16)

(a)Rebbi Shimon ben Menasyah applies the Pasuk in Koheles that we just quoted to someone who commits adultery or incest and who subsequently fathers a Mamzer. Why does "Me'uvas she'Eino Yachol Liskon" ...

1. ... pertain to him?

2. ... not pertain to someone steals and robs?

(b)What does Rebbi Shimon bar Yochai comment about the word "Me'uvas"?

(c)About whom is "Me'uvas she'Eino Yachol Liskon" then speaking?

16)

(a)Rebbi Shimon ben Menasyah applies "Me'uvas Lo Yachol Liskon" (See Tos. Yom-Tov) to someone who commits adultery or incest and who subsequently fathers a Mamzer. "Me'uvas she'Eino Yachol Liskon" ...

1. ... pertains to him - since the Mamzer that he has brought into the world is a stain that cannot be removed (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

2. ... does not pertain to someone steals and robs - since he is able to return what he stole (or its value).

(b)Rebbi Shimon bar Yochai comments that the word "Me'uvas" - refrs to someone who was initially straight and who became crooked afterwards ...

(c)and which must therefore be speaking about a Talmid-Chacham who left the path of Torah.

Mishnah 8
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17)

(a)What does the Mishnah mean when it says ...

1. ... 'Heter Nedarim Porchin ba'Avir'?

2. ... 've'Ein lahem al Mah she'Yismochu'?

(b)Then what is its real source?

(c)To what does the Tana then compare Hilchos Shabbos, Chagigos and Me'ilos?

(d)Why is that?

17)

(a)When the Mishnah says ...

1. ... 'Heter Nedarim Porchin ba'Avir' it means - that there is very little in the Torah that teaches us the concept of Hataras Nedarim (See Tos. Yom-Tov) ...

2. ... 've'Ein lahem al Mah she'Yismochu' - and that one cannot really rely on that to have them rescinded.

(b)Ins real source is - Halachah le'Moshe mi'Sinai.

(c)The Tana then compares Hilchos Shabbos, Chagigos and Me'ilos - to mountains that hang on a hair ...

(d)... because there are few Pesukim (See Tos. Yom-Tov) but many Halachos.

18)

(a)However he continues, Dinin, Avodos, Taharos and Tum'os have a strong basis in the Torah itself. Which other item does he include in the list?

(b)And what is he referring to when he concludes 'Hein Hein Gufei Torah!'.

18)

(a)However he continues, Dinin, Avodos, Taharos and Tum'os - and Arayos have a strong basis in the Torah itself.

(b)And when he concludes 'Hein Hein Gufei Torah!', he is referring - to all of the above, even the first category.

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