POINT BY POINT OUTLINE OF THE DAF
prepared by Rabbi Ephraim Becker of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
1) SLAUGHTERING AN ANIMAL OWNED BY PARTNERS
(a) Question (R. Avia): May an animal owned by a Jewish and non-Jewish partner be slaughtered on Yom Tov?
(b) Answer (R. Huna): It is permitted.
(c) Question (R. Avia): Why then are Nedarim and Nedavos prohibited owing to the part which goes LaShem!?
1. Answer (R. Huna): A raven flew overhead (he deflected the question).
2. Question (Rabah, R. Huna's son): Given the esteem in which you hold R. Avia, why did you send him away in this way?
3. Answer (R. Huna): I could not have done otherwise given my weakened state and the intricate nature of the question.
4. Question: What, indeed, is the distinction between an animal owned by partners and Nedarim/Nedavos?
(d) Answer: The part owned by the non-Jew must also be slaughtered in order for the Jew to eat meat; while the meat of Nedarim/Nedavos is all from Shulchan Gavohah.
2) BAKING A DOUGH OF PARTNERS ON YOM TOV
(a) (R. Chisda): While an animal owned by a Jewish and non- Jewish partner may be slaughtered as above, such a dough would not be permitted, since it can be divided.
(b) Question (R. Chana b. Chanilai): But the Mishnah teaches that an Isas Kelavim (when consumed, in part by the shepherd) may be baked on Yom Tov, even though it may be divided (between the shepherd and the dogs).
(c) Answer: Isas Kelavim may be eaten in its entirety given (Ho'il) that Neveilah can be offered to the dogs.
(d) Question: But R. Chisda rules that one who bakes on Yom Tov for Chol incurs Malkos, since he does not hold of Ho'il!?
(e) Answer: The dough is only viewed as being accessible by the shepherd if he actually has meat to substitute for the dough.
(f) Question: May we bake dough which Jews are obligated to prepare for the King's troops?
(g) Answer (R. Huna): If the troops will allow a portion to be given to a Jewish child, then all the breads may be baked on Yom Tov.
(h) Question: But the Beraisa teaches (through the incident of Shimon ha'Teimani and R. Yehudah b. Bava) that one violates Lachem if he slaughters meat for non-Jews, even though it could be given to the Jews' dogs!?
(i) Answer: It is a Machlokes Tanaim as to whether Lachem precludes preparing for dogs (R. Yosi ha'Gelili) or non- Jews (R. Akiva).
1. Question: On what basis does R. Akiva include dogs in Lachem but exclude non-Jews?
2. Answer: Dogs are Lachem since they depend on their owner for food (unlike non-Jews).
(j) Question (Abaye): How, according to R. Yosi ha'Gelili, are we permitted to feed date-seeds to the animals (they should be Muktzah)?
(k) Answer (R. Yosef): They are not Muktzah since they could be used as kindling.
(l) Question: But what if they are moist?
(m) Answer: They could still be used in a large fire.
(n) Question: What about on Shabbos?
(o) Answer: They may be moved via a loaf of bread (as Shmuel taught that one may use bread for such purposes).
3) THE REMAINING DROPS IN THE CUP OF A NON-JEW
(a) R. Huna (above, 2.g.) is arguing with R. Yehoshua b. Levi who forbade having a non-Jew partake of our Yom Tov meal lest the Jew prepare additional food for him.
(b) (R. Acha b. Yakov): It is not permitted on Shabbos, either, because the residual wine in the cup is (Ma'us and thus) Muktzah.
(c) Question: Then the same should be true of our cups!?
(d) Answer: The drops in our cups are fit for the fowl.
(e) Question: The same should be true of the non-Jews' cup?
(f) Answer: Their wine is Asur b'Hana'ah.
(g) Question: But the drops should be movable via the cup (as Rava taught regarding the shovel of coals)?
(h) Answer: The pieces of wood in Rava's case are not asur b'Hana'ah.
(i) Question (R. Acha m'Difti): The drops should not be worse than a Geref Shel Re'i (which may be removed)!?
(j) Answer (Ravina): But surely we would not make such a Geref on purpose (as would occur by inviting the non- Jew to partake of our meal).
(k) (Rava): We may invite a non-Jew on Shabbos but not on Yom Tov lest we cook additional food for him.
(l) Mereimar and Mar Zutra would inform the non-Jewish guests who happened upon their homes that they are welcome to the meal "as is" but that no special preparation would be made for them.
4) MISHNAH: COOKING FOR NON-FOOD PURPOSES
(a) (Beis Shamai): The water being warmed for washing one's feet must be fit for drinking.
(b) (Beis Hillel): Even non-potable water may be heated.
(c) One is permitted to make a fire and to warm himself thereby.
5) THE PERMISSION OF MAKING A FIRE FOR WARMING ONESELF
(a) Question: Is the permitted fire the opinion of both Beis Shamai and Beis Hillel or is it taught as the opinion of Beis Hillel alone (and Beis Shamai would forbid it)?
(b) Answer: The Beraisa teaches that Beis Shamai forbids.
6) MISHNAH: THE PRACTICES OF R. GAMLIEL
(a) R. Gamliel ruled stringently in accordance with three opinions of Beis Shamai:
1. One may not be Matmin on Yom Tov for the upcoming Shabbos.
2. One may not straighten a fallen Menorah on Yom Tov.
3. One may not prepare a thick dough (only a thin batter).
(b) (R. Gamliel): Our family would only make the thin batter, and not a thick dough.
(c) (Chachamim): Your family ruled stringently for themselves and yet were lenient (permitting the thick dough) for others.