1)THE END OF LIVYASAN
(a)(Rav Dimi): Gavri'el will fight Livyasan (Rashba - to end this world when its allotted time expires) - "Timshoch Livyasan b'Chakah..."
1.He cannot defeat it without Hash-m's help (since Hash-m gave everything power to endure, only He can end it) - "ha'Oso Yagesh Charbo."
(b)(Rav Dimi): When Livyasan is hungry, it spews hot air from its mouth and boils [makes foam] all the water in the depths - "Yati'ach ka'Sir Metzulah";
1.If it would not put its mouth in Gan Eden, no creature could stand its smell - "Yam Yasim ka'Merkachah".
(c)When it is thirsty (and drinks), it makes furrows in the sea - "Acharav Ya'ir Nasiv" (the depths are uncovered).
(d)(Rav Acha bar Yakov): The depths do not return to normal for 70 years - "Yachshov Tehom l'Seivah."
1.Seivah is never less than 70 years.
(e)(Rabah): In the future, Hash-m will make a feast for Tzadikim from the meat of the Livyasan - "Yichru Alav Chabarim";
1.'Kerah' refers to a meal - "va'Yichreh Lahem Kerah Gedolah va'Yochelu va'Yishtu."
2."Chabarim" refers to Chachamim - "ha'Yosheves ba'Ganim Chaverim Makshivim l'Kolech Hashmi'ini."
3.The rest of Livyasan will be divided among Chachamim and sold in the markets of Yerushalayim (ha'Rif - it will be given to those who supported Chachamim) - "Yechetzuhu Bein Kena'anim";
i."Kena'anim" means merchants - "Kena'an b'Yado Moznei Mirmah."
ii.We could also learn from "Sochareha Sarim Kin'aneha Nichbadei Aretz."
(f)(Rabah): In the future, Hash-m will make a Sukah for Tzadikim from the skin of the Livyasan - "ha'Semalei b'Sukos Oro";
1.It is a Sukah (Rashbam - complete, with walls) for one who merits [did Mitzvos purely to serve Hash-m]. For one with less merit [his Mitzvos were in order to get reward from Hash-m], it is only shade [protects from the day of judgment] - "uv'Tzaltzal Dagim Rosho."
2.For one with less merit [his Mitzvos were in order to get honor from people], it is a necklace - "va'Anakim l'Gargerosecha."
3.For one with even less merits [his Mitzvos were in order to get reward from people], it is an amulet - "v'Siksherenu l'Na'arosecha."
4.Hash-m will spread the rest on the walls of Yerushalayim. Its radiance will shine to the ends of the world - "v'Holchu Goyim l'Orech...".
2)NEW THINGS THAT HASH-M WILL MAKE
(a)(R. Shmuel bar Nachmani): "V'Samti Kadchod Shimshosayich" [Hash-m will make a new source of light for us] - two angels argue about this, Micha'el and Gavri'el;
1.Some say that two Amora'im argue about it, Yehudah and Chizkiyah, the sons of R. Chiya.
2.One opinion says that this is Shoham, and the other says that it is Yashfeh (precious stones of the Choshen).
3.Hash-m decides that it will be 'k'Dein uch'Dein (from "Kadchod", i.e. both will be used).
(b)(R. Yochanan): "U'Sh'arayich l'Avnei Ekdach" teaches that Hash-m will bring gems and pearls 30 Amos by 30 Amos, and carve out a hole 10 Amos by 20 Amos, and erect them at the gates of Yerushalayim.
1.A Talmid scoffed. Today we don't find gems the size of a small egg. Will such giant gems be found?!
2.Shortly after this, he was on a boat (Ya'avetz - used names of Hash-m,) and saw angels sawing holes in gems, exactly like the dimensions that R. Yochanan taught. He asked what they are for. They answered that Hash-m will put them by the gates of Yerushalayim in the future. He told R. Yochanan that his teaching was correct.
3.R. Yochanan: Had you not seen it, you would not believe it?! You mock the words of Chachamim!
i.R. Yochanan put his eyes on the Talmid, and he became a mound of bones.
(c)Question (Beraisa - R. Meir): "Va'Olech Eschem Komemiyus" - the gates will be 200 Amos tall, twice the Komah (height) of Adam ha'Rishon;
1.R. Yehudah says, it will be 100 Amos, like the height of the Heichal and its wall - "Benoseinu ch'Zaviyos Mechutavos Tavnis Heichal."
(d)Answer: R. Yochanan refers to the gates around the windows in the wall.
(e)(Rabah): In the future, Hash-m will make seven canopies for every Tzadik - "u'Vora Hash-m... Anan Yomam (1) v'Ashan (2) v'Nogah (3) Esh (4) Lehavah (5) Laylah Ki Al Kol Kavod Chupah (6). V'Sukah Tihyeh l'Tzel Yom (7)";
1."Ki Al Kol Kavod" teaches that Hash-m makes a canopy for everyone according to his honor.
(f)Question: Why is there smoke?
(g)Answer (R. Chanina): Anyone who is stingy with Chachamim (does not want them to enjoy his property) in this world, his eyes are filled with smoke in the world to come.
(h)Question: Why is there fire?
(i)Answer (R. Chanina): Everyone is singed by the canopy of someone greater. (He will regret that he did not attain that level.)
1.Woe, the shame that one will feel!
(j)Similarly, "v'Nosata me'Hodecha Alav" (Moshe was told to put some of his glory on Yehoshua), but not all of your glory;
1.Chachamim of that generation said that Moshe's face was radiant like the sun, and Yehoshua's face was radiant like the moon.
2.Woe, what shame (Shita - of Yehoshua, who did not reach Moshe's level; Iyun Yakov - of that generation. Had they merited, Yehoshua would have reached the level of Moshe!)
(k)(R. Chama b'Rebbi Chanina): Hash-m made 10 canopies for Adam ha'Rishon - "Odem Pitdah v'Yahalom Tarshish Shoham v'Yashfeh Sapir Nofech u'Varkas v'Zahav";
(l)(R. Yochanan): The lowest of them is gold, for it is last.
(m)Question: What does "Meleches Tupecha u'Nkavecha Bach" mean?
(n)Version #1 - Answer (Rav Yehudah): Hash-m told Chiram, king of Tzur 'I foresaw that you would claim to be G-d, therefore I made man full of pores (Rashbam - for excrement).'
(o)Version #2 - Answer (Rav Yehudah): Hash-m told Chiram 'I foresaw that you would claim to be G-d, therefore I decreed death on Adam ha'Rishon.'
3)THE FUTURE YERUSHALAYIM
(a)Question: What does "v'Al Mikra'eha" mean?
(b)Answer (R. Yochanan): Yerushalayim of this world is not like Yerushalayim of the world to come;
1.In this world, anyone who wants can come to Yerushalayim. In the world to come, one must be invited.
(c)(Rabah): In the future, Tzadikim will be called by Hash-m's name - "Kol ha'Nikra vi'Shmi v'Lichvodi Berasiv."
(d)(R. Shmuel bar Nachmani): Three are called by Hash-m's name - Tzadikim (like above), Mashi'ach and Yerushalayim.
1.Mashi'ach - "v'Zeh Shemo Asher Yikre'o Hash-m Tzidkeinu."
2.Yerushalayim - "v'Shem ha'Ir mi'Yom Hash-m Shamah."
(e)(R. Elazar): In the future, (angels) will say 'Kadosh' in front of Tzadikim (Etz Yosef - those who remain alive at the time of revival of the dead), just like they say in front of Hash-m - "ha'Nish'ar... Kodesh Ye'amer Lo."
(f)(Rabah): In the future, Hash-m will lift Yerushalayim three Parsa'os - "v'Ra'amah v'Yoshvah Sachteha."
1.Question: What does "Sachteha" mean?
2.Answer: It equals the area Tachteha (underneath it).
3.Question: What is the source that the area underneath is three Parsa'os?
4.Answer (Rabah): An elder (Ya'avetz - Eliyahu) who had seen the first Yerushalayim told me that it was three Parsa'os.
(g)Suggestion: Perhaps it will be difficult to ascend to Yerushalayim!
(h)Rejection: "Ka'Av Te'ufenah".
1.(Rav Papa): This teaches that clouds are three Parsa'os above the ground.
(i)(R. Chanina bar Papa): Hash-m wanted to put a measure (limit) to Yerushalayim - "Lamod Es Yerushalayim...";
1.The angels protested 'You did not put a measure to cities of Nochrim. Will You put a measure to Yerushalayim, which contains Your name, Your Mikdash and Tzadikim?!'
2."Rutz... Perazos Teshev Yerushalayim" (Hash-m retracted).
(j)(Reish Lakish): In the future Hash-m will add to Yerushalayim 169,000 gardens, 210,000 towers, 146,000 buildings, 345,690 small buildings (Ra'avad - 1,000 locked gardens, 1,000 locked towers, 1,000 locked buildings...)
1.Each of these will be like Tzipori when it was serene.
2.(Beraisa - R. Yosi): Tzipori had 180,000 markets selling condiments.
(k)Question: What does it mean "...Shalosh u'Shloshim Pe'amim"?
(l)Answer (R. Levi): If the future Yerushalayim will be three times as big as the old, each building will have 30 stories. If it will be 30 times as big, each building will have three stories.
4)KINYAN OF A SHIP
(a)(Rav): Meshichah (pulling) a ship any amount acquires it;
(b)(Shmuel): He must pull it its own length.
(c)Suggestion: They argue like the following Tana'im.
1.(Beraisa): Mesirah (handing over to transfer ownership) is when the buyer grabbed it by the hoof, hair, saddle or sack on it, bit in the mouth, or bell on its neck. He acquires it;
2.Meshichah is when he calls to it and it comes, or he hits it and it runs in front of him. Once it moves a foreleg and hind leg, he acquires;
3.R. Achi says, it must move all its legs.
4.Suggestion: Rav holds like the first Tana, Shmuel holds like R. Achi.
(d)Rejection #1: Rav can even be like R. Achi.
1.R. Achi said only about an animal that moving a foreleg and hind leg does not suffice, for the animal remains in its place. For a ship, moving any amount moves the entire ship.
(e)Rejection #2: Shmuel can even be like the first Tana.
1.The first Tana said only about an animal that moving a foreleg and hind leg suffices, for then it surely will go. For a ship, he must move it its length.