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BAVA BASRA 134
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BAVA BASRA 133-134 (15 Teves) - dedicated by Dr. Moshe and Rivka Snow in memory of Rivka's mother, Rebbetzin Leah bas Rav Yosef (Rabinowitz), the Manostrishtcher Rebbetzin, whose Yahrzeit is 15 Teves.

[134a - 31 lines; 134b - 27 lines]

1) [line 2] HEITI'ACH ALAI - he spoke disrespectfully to me [and prevailed] (lit. he threw [words] upon me)
2)
[line 4] BEIS CHORON - Beis Choron is the name of twin towns on the border between Binyamin and Efrayim, located in the foothills leading up from Lod to Yerushalayim. The altitude of Beis Choron Elyon is 600 meters, and the altitude of Beis Choron Tachton is 400 meters. The distance between them is three and a half kilometers. The road that connects them is bordered on both sides by steep cliffs and wadis and is called Morad Beis Choron.
3)
[line 5] MUDAR HEIMENU HANA'AH - he (the father) was prohibited by a Neder (vow) to receive any benefit from him (the son)
4)
[line 13] VI'YEHEI AVON TALUY B'ROSHO! - and the sin (of transgressing a Neder) will be hanging on his (i.e. my) head!
5)
[line 14] KOL MATANAH SHE'EINAH SHE'IM HIKDISHAH MUKDESHES, EINAH MATANAH - any gift which is not [absolute] such that if the recipient sanctifies it to Hekdesh it indeed becomes Hekdesh, is not a gift (and it still belongs to the giver)
6a)
[line 22] MIKRA - the study of Chumash (the five books of the Torah)
  b)
[line 22] MISHNAH - the study of Mishnah, the Oral Law, transmitted to Moshe at Mount Sinai
  c)
[line 22] GEMARA - a deep and comprehensive understanding of the Mishnah and how to reconcile apparent contradictions between different Mishnayos
  d)
[line 22] HALACHOS - the laws passed orally to Moshe Rabeinu at Mount Sinai (Halachah l'Moshe mi'Sinai
  e)
[line 22] AGADOS - the homiletic, non-Halachic parts of Torah
  f)
[line 22] DIKDUKEI TORAH - letters in the Torah which appear to be extraneous but which were written in order to teach certain Halachos
  g)
[line 23] DIKDUKEI SOFRIM - (a) decrees enacted by the Chachamim in order to distance people from transgressing the Torah (RASHBAM); (b) laws enumerated by the Chachamim and categorized by numbers (such as the first Mishnah of Maseches Yevamos) (RABEINU GERSHOM)

  h)
[line 23] KALIN V'CHAMURIN - laws derived through the methodology of "Kal va'Chomer" (KAL VA'CHOMER)
(a) In the Introduction to the Sifra (the Halachic Midrash to Vayikra), Rebbi Yishmael lists thirteen methods that Chazal use for extracting the Halachah from the verses of the Torah. One of them is called a Kal va'Chomer (an argument a fortiori, also known as "Din" in the language of the Gemara), by which a Halachic inference is made from a Halachah of lesser consequence to a Halachah of greater consequence, or vice versa.
(b) Unlike a Gezeirah Shavah (see next entry), the Kal va'Chomer inference need not be received as a tradition from one's teacher, since it is based upon logic. And unlike a Hekesh (see Background to Bava Kama 106:15), it can be refuted based on logical grounds.

  i)
[line 23] GEZEROS SHAVOS - laws derived through the methodology of "Gezeirah Shavah" (GEZEIRAH SHAVAH)
(a) In the Introduction to the Sifra (the Halachic Midrash to Vayikra), Rebbi Yishmael lists thirteen methods that Chazal use for extracting the Halachah from the verses of the Torah. One of them is Gezeirah Shavah, which is a Halachic device by which two similar words in the Torah from different subjects teach that laws from one subject apply to the other.
(b) A sage is only permitted to use the method of Gezeirah Shavah if he received a tradition from his teachers that a Gezeirah Shavah exists between the two words. However, the comparison that he makes regarding which laws are applied from one subject to the other may be his own, if he did not learn it directly from his teachers. (See Background to Bava Kama 25:19.)

  j)
[line 23] TEKUFOS - the calculations for the orbits of the sun and the moon (such as the calculation of the Molad, the new moon)
  k)
[line 23] GEMATRIYOS - alpha-numerical calculations which teach additional meaning to words in the Torah (RASHI to Sukah 25a); the study of the formation of words from acronyms (RASHBAM here)
  l)
[line 23] MISHLOS KOVSIM V'MISHLOS SHU'ALIM - the parables of launderers and the parables of foxes (the Chachamim often disguised their teachings in parables; see Insights to Bava Basra 73:1)
  m)
[line 24] SICHAS SHEDIM - the conversation of demons (to be used in an amulet to dispel them)
  n)
[line 24] SICHAS DEKALIM - the conversation of palm trees
  o)
[line 24] SICHAS MAL'ACHEI HA'SHARES - the conversation of the Ministering Angels
  p)
[line 25] MA'ASEH MERKAVAH - the hidden secrets of the Chariot of HaSh-m, as described by Yeshayah and Yechezkel
  q)
[line 25] HAVAYOS D'ABAYEI V'RAVA - the [answers to all of the] difficult questions Abaye and Rava asked (i.e. were to ask in the future)
7)
[line 26] "L'HANCHIL OHAVAI YESH V'OTZROSEIHEM AMALEI." - "To bequeath to those who love Me that which I possess, and I will fill their storehouses." (Mishlei 8:21) - The Gemara explains that "Yesh" refers to the 310 worlds that are in store for those who have filled their "storehouses" with Torah and wisdom (RASHBAM).
8)
[line 29] V'YITOL IMO B'CHELKO - and he (the doubtful brother) takes a share of the inheritance from his portion (from the portion of the brother who claims that the other person is his brother)
9)
[line 29] YACHZERU NECHASIM LI'MEKEMON - the property is returned to its original place (it is returned to the brother who gave it to him in the first place, and the other brothers do not inherit him)
10)
[line 30] NAFLU LO NECHASIM MI'MAKOM ACHER - if property was bequeathed to him from elsewhere (not from the brothers)

11)
[last line] YIBUM
(a) If a married man dies childless and has brothers who survive him, his widow (or widows) may not remarry until one of the deceased husband's brothers performs Yibum (levirate marriage) or Chalitzah (levirate release) with the widow (or one of the widows), as it states in Devarim 25:5-10. Chazal learn from the verses that if there are a number of brothers, there is a preference for the oldest brother to perform Yibum or Chalitzah (Yevamos 24a). If the conditions for the Mitzvah of Yibum do not exist, marital relations between a man and his brother's wife are prohibited and make them liable to the punishment of Kares.
(b) Yibum is a type of marriage. Unlike ordinary Kidushin, though, it can be accomplished only through Bi'ah and not through Kesef or Shtar (see Background to Kidushin 2:1:II:b). Nevertheless, the Rabanan instituted that one should precede Yibum with an act similar to Kidushei Kesef or Shtar, which is known as Ma'amar (see Background to Kidushin 43:19). The Bi'ah must be performed with the intention of fulfilling the Mitzvah.


134b----------------------------------------134b


12)
[line 4] LO MUCHZAK LAN B'ACH - it was not known to us that he had a brother (and therefore there is a Chazakah that his wife is exempt from Yibum, and his claim that he has brothers is not believed against the Chazakah)
13)
[line 7] HO'IL U'VA'AL SHE'AMAR GERESHTI ES ISHTI NE'EMAN - since a husband who claims, "I divorced my wife," is believed (because if he wanted to divorce his wife he could do so right now), [he is also believed to say that he has a son and thus his wife is exempt from Yibum, because, if he wanted, he could have said that he divorced her and he would have been believed]
14)
[line 9] MAREI D'AVRAHAM! TALI TANYA BED'LO TANYA! - Master of Avraham!! (an exclamation) He (Rav Yehudah) is explaining the reason of a teaching of a Mishnah based on a teaching that is neither in a Mishnah nor (even) in a Beraisa!
15)
[line 11] HO'IL UV'YADO L'GARSHAH - since it is in his hands to divorce her now (he is believed to say that he has a son to exempt her from Yibum)
16)
[line 13] AMRINAN "HO'IL" - we use the logic of "Ho'il" ("since")
17)
[line 16] MENAPE'ACH RAV SHESHESH B'YADEI - Rav Sheshes waved his hand (in dismissal of Rav Yosef's reasoning)
18)
[line 17] AZAL LEI "HO'IL" - the logic of "Ho'il" has vanished
19a)
[line 20] L'MAFRE'A - retroactively
    b)
[line 20] LEHA'BA - from now on
20)
[line 21] L'HEIMUNEI - to believe him
21)
[line 21] MI PALGINAN DIBURA? - (lit. Do we split his statement?) When half of one's statement is not valid for some reason, is the other half still valid? Perhaps when the man says that he divorced his wife in the past, we do not accept the part of his statement that he divorced her in the past, but perhaps we do accept his statement that he divorced her (so that from now on they are considered to be divorced)
22)
[line 25] HU V'ACHER - he together with another [witness]
23)
[line 26] V'LO L'HORGAH - but not to have her put to death (since he is related to her and is thus invalidated from testifying for or against her)
24)
[last line] BI'TREI GUFEI PALGINAN - regarding two separate people we may split his words (and believe him with regard to one person, and not believe him with regard to another person)

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