Mishnah 1

1)

(a)According to the Tana Kama, one of the two dry measures in the Beis-ha'Mikdash was the Isaron (a tenth of an Eifah). What was the other?

(b)What third measure does Rebbi Meir add?

(c)What was the purpose of the second Isaron?

(d)From which Pasuk in Pinchas does he learn it?

(e)What is the latter Isaron used for?

1)

(a)According to the Tana Kama, one of the two dry measures in the Beis-ha'Mikdash was the Isaron (a tenth of an Eifah). The other was - the half-Isaron.

(b)Rebbi Meir adds - a second measure of an Isaron ...

(c)... which is slightly less than a complete Isaron (See Tosfos Yom Tov), and is complemented to a full Isaron by piling the flour on to it.

(d)He learns it from the second "Isaron" in the Pasuk in Pinchas - "Isaron Isaron, la'Keves ha'Echad".

(e)The latter Isaron is used - to measure the Chavitei Kohen Gadol.

2)

(a)What do the Chachamim learn from the Pasuk there "ve'Isaron Echad la'Keves ha'Echad"?

(b)Like whom is the Halachah?

2)

(a)The Chachamim learn from the Pasuk there "ve'Isaron Echad la'Keves ha'Echad" that - there is only one Isaron measure in the Beis-ha'Mikdash (See Tosfos Yom Tov).

(b)The Halachah is - like the Chachamim.

3)

(a)How do the Kohanim now measure the three tenths of an Isaron for the Minchas Nesachim for a bull and the two tenths for a ram?

(b)What purpose does the half-Isaron measure serve?

(c)Seeing as the Kohen Gadol brings a complete Isaron from home, what is the procedure with regard to dividing it?

3)

(a)The Kohanim now measure the three tenths of an Isaron for the Minchas Nesachim for a bull and the two tenths for a ram - by measuring three separate tenths for the one and two separate tenths for the other.

(b)The half-Isaron measure is used - to divide the tenth of an Eifah of the Chavitei Kohen Gadol into two halves.

(c)The Kohen Gadol brings a complete Isaron from home - and it is divided into two when he arrives with in the Beis-ha'Mikdash each morning.

4)

(b)How many loaves does he knead from each half-Isaron?

(c)How does he then bake them?

(d)What does he subsequently bring on the Mizbe'ach ...

1. ... in the morning?

2. ... in the afternoon?

(e)As opposed to other Menachos, what does the Kohen Gadol do with each k'Zayis after breaking each half-loaf into pieces of a k'Zayis?

4)

(b)He kneads - six loaves from each half-Isaron ...

(c)... and bakes all twelve together.

(d)He then divides each loaf into two and bring on the Mizbe'ach twelve half-loaves ...

1. ... in the morning and twelve half-loaves ...

2. ... in the afternoon.

(e)As opposed to other Menachos (whose pieces of a K'zayis are folded into two and then into four and broken), after breaking each half-loaf into pieces of a k'Zayis, the Kohen Gadol folds each piece (once) in half without breaking it.

Mishnah 2

5)

(a)The largest of the seven liquid measures in the Beis-ha'Mikdash is the Hin. How many Lugin comprise a Hin?

(b)The next three measures are half a Hin, a third of a Hin and a quarter of a Hin. What do they measure with the ...

1. ... half a Hin?

2. ... third of a Hin?

3. ... quarter of a Hin?

(c)Two of the remaining three measures are those of half a Log and a third of a Log. What is the third?

5)

(a)The largest of the seven liquid measures in the Beis-ha'Mikdash is the Hin, which comprises - twelve Lugin.

(b)The next three measures are half a Hin, a third of a Hin and a quarter of a Hin, ...

1. ... half a Hin (six Lugin) for the Nesachim of a bull ...

2. ... a third of a Hin (four Lugin) for a ram and ...

3. ... a quarter of a Hin (three Lugin) for a lamb.

(c)Two of the remaining three measures are those of half a Log and a third of a Log. The third is - a quarter of a Log.

6)

(a)According to Rebbi Eliezer bar Zadok, there is only one Hin measure in the Beis-ha'Mikdash. How did they then measure the other six measurements?

(b)Like whom is the Halachah?

(c)Rebbi Shimon queries the need for a Hin measurement. Why can it not have been for the anointing oil?

(d)What problem does this create?

(e)He therefore re-places it with a measurement of one and a half Lugin. What was it used for?

6)

(a)According to Rebbi Eliezer bar Zadok, there is only one Hin measure in the Beis-ha'Mikdash. They measured the other six measurements - by marking them off (either with markings or with notches) inside the Hin vessel.

(b)The Halachah is - like the Tana Kama.

(c)Rebbi Shimon queries the need for a Hin measurement. It cannot have been for the anointing oil - since that was manufactured in the time of Moshe Rabeinu, and never needed to be replenished, since it lasted forever (See Tosfos Yom Tov).

(d)This creates a problem, since traditionally - there are supposed to be seven measuring vessels (See Tosfos Yom-Tov).

(e)He therefore re-places it (See Tosfos Yom Tov) with a measurement of one and a half Lugin, which was used - to divide the three Lugin of oil that accompanied the Minchas Chavitin of the Kohen Gadol, one and half Lugin to be used in the morning, and one and a half, in the afternoon (See Tosfos Yom Tov).

Mishnah 3

7)

(a)One of the purposes served by the quarter-Log measure is the Revi'is of spring-water of a Metzora. How was it used?

(b)What is the other purpose mentioned by the Mishnah (in connection with a Nazir)?

(c)Why, in actual fact, can the Revi'is measure not have been sanctified as a K'li Shareis for the sake of ...

1. ... the Revi'is water of a Metzora?

2. ... the Revi'is oil of a Nazir?

(d)Then why was it sanctified?

7)

(a)One of the purposes served by the quarter-Log measure is the Revi'is of spring-water of a Metzora - which is then poured into an earthenware vessel, into which they Shechted one of his two birds.

(b)The other purpose mentioned by the Mishnah is - the quarter-Log of oil with which they baked the loaves of a Nazir (See Tosfos Yom Tov).

(c)In actual fact, the Revi'is measure cannot have been sanctified as a K'li Shareis for the sake of ...

1. ... the Revi'is water of a Metzora - since it was used outside the Azarah (See Tosfos Yom Tov DH 'u'Revi'is Shemen ... ').

2. ... the Revi'is oil of a Nazir - since the loaves of a Nazir are sanctified by the Shechitah of his Korban.

(d)In fact, it was sanctified - to measure the oil for each of the loaves of the Chavitei Kohen Gadol (See Tiferes Yisrael).

8)

(a)One of the purposes of the half-Log measure is that of watering a Sotah. From where does the Kohen take the water?

(b)The other is the half-Log that is used for the Korban Todah. What is the source for ...

1. ... this?

2. ... the Revi'is oil for a Nazir?

(c)If the real reason for the sanctification of the half-Log vessel was neither for the water of the Sotah (See Tosfos Yom Tov) nor for the oil of a Todah, for what purpose was it sanctified?

8)

(a)One of the purposes of the half-Log measure is that of watering a Sotah, which the Kohen takes - from the Kiyor (the basin in the Beis-ha'Mikdash).

(b)The other is the half-Log that is used for the Korban Todah. The source for both ...

1. ... this and for ...

2. ... the Revi'is oil for a Nazir is - Halachah le'Moshe mi'Sinai.

(c)The real reason for the sanctification of the half-Log vessel was neither for the water of the Sotah (See Tosfos Yom Tov) nor for the oil of a Todah - but to measure the oil that goes into each of the lamp-holders of the Menorah (See Tosfos Yom Tov).

9)

(a)Perhaps the most commonly used measure was the Log. What purpose does it serve?

(b)According to the Tana Kama, how many Lugin of oil accompanies a Minchah of sixty Isaron?

(c)What does Rebbi Eliezer ben Ya'akov say, based on the Pasuk in Vayikra "le'Minchah, ve'Log Shamen"?

(d)Like whom is the Halachah?

9)

(a)Perhaps the most commonly used measure was the Log, which is used - to measure the oil for all the Menachos.

(b)According to the Tana Kama - sixty Lugin of oil accompanies a Minchah of sixty Isaron (See Tosfos Yom Tov).

(c)Based on the Pasuk in Vayikra "le'Minchah, ve'Log Shamen", Rebbi Eliezer ben Ya'akov maintains that - one Log of oil will suffice even for a Minchah comprising sixty Isaron.

(d)The Halachah is - like the Tana Kama (See Tiferes Yisrael).

10)

(a)How many Lugin of oil is required for ...

1. ... a bull?

2. ... a ram?

3. ... a lamb?

(b)And how many Lugin did the Kohanim place in the Menorah each night?

(c)What is the basis for the latter measure?

(d)What did they do in the event that one of the lamps goes out during the night?

10)

(a)Six Lugin of oil is required for ...

1. ... a bull (See Tosfos Yom Tov), four for ...

2. ... a ram, and three for ...

3. ... a lamb.

(b)The Kohanim placed - three and a half Lugin in the Menorah each night, half a Log per lamp ...

(c)... because that is the amount that is needed to burn through the long Teives nights (See Tosfos Yom Tov).

(d)In the event that one of the lamps went out during the night - they were obligated to replace both the wick and the oil.

Mishnah 4

11)

(a)The Tana permits burning the Minchah of one lamb together with that of another lamb. What does he say about burning the Nesech of...

1. ... the lamb of a Korban Yachid together with that of a Korban Tzibur?

2. ... a bull together with that of a ram?

(b)What is the reason for the latter ruling?

(c)How are they the same?

(d)He also permits burning today's Minchah together with that of yesterday. What is the case?

11)

(a)The Tana permits burning the Minchah of one lamb together with that of another lamb, as well as the Nesech of ...

1. ... the lamb of a Korban Yachid together with that of a Korban Tzibur and that of ...

2. ... a bull together with that of a ram (See Tosfos Yom Tov) ...

(b)... because the ratio of wine to flour is the same (two Lugin per Isaron) ...

(c)... three Esronim to half a Hin (six Lugin) for the bull; two Esronim to a third of a Hin (four Lugin) for the ram.

(d)He also permits burning today's Minchah together with that of yesterday. The case is where - the owner brings two Korbanos, one on Sunday and one of Tuesday, and he brings the Minchah of Sunday's Korban together with that of Monday (See Tosfos Yom Tov).

12)

(a)Why does the Mishnah then forbid burning the Minchah of a lamb together with that of a bull or a ram?

(b)What problem would that create?

12)

(a)The Mishnah forbids burning the Minchah of a lamb together with that of a bull or a ram however - since the ratio of wine to flour - a quarter of a Hin - (three Lugin), per Isaron (See Tosfos Yom Tov) ...

(b)... in which case the latter Menachos, which are dryer that the former - absorb some of the wine of the latter, rendering the latter Chaser (lacking [See Tosfos Yom Tov]).

13)

(a)On what condition is the Kohen permitted to burn all the above together?

(b)This goes according to the Rabbanan (of Rebbi Yehudah) in Perek ha'Kometz Rabah. What do they say?

(c)Why is it Pasul if the oil has not yet been mixed in?

13)

(a)The Kohen is permitted to burn all the above together - only if the oil of each Minchah has already been mixed in (See Tosfos Yom Tov).

(b)This goes according to the Rabbanan (of Rebbi Yehudah) in Perek ha'Kometz Rabah - who permit burning dry flour together with flour has been mixed with oil.

(c)If the oil has not yet been mixed in it is Pasul - because a Minchah is only Kasher if it is fit to mix together with the oil ('Ra'uy le'Bilah'), which cannot be performed in this case, seeing as the lamb will be Chaser, and the ram, Yeser (in excess).

14)

(a)How many Esronim of flour accompany the lamb that is brought with the Omer?

(b)What does the Mishnah say about the Nesech that comes with it?

(c)How many Lugin of wine and oil does it therefore require?

14)

(a)Two Esronim of flour accompany the lamb that is brought with the Omer.

(b)The Mishnah now states - that although the Minchah is double, the Nesech is not.

(c)It therefore requires - three Lugin of wine and three Lugin of oil (See Tosfos Yom Tov).

Mishnah 5

15)

(a)The Mishnah describes all the measures in the Beis-ha'Mikdash as being heaped except for one. Which one?

(b)Who is the author of this Mishnah?

(c)What does the Tana mean when he says 'she'Hayah Godshah le'Tochah'?

15)

(a)The Mishnah describes all the measures in the Beis-ha'Mikdash as being heaped except for one - that of the Chavitei Kohen Gadol.

(b)The author of this Mishnah is - Rebbi Meir (See Tosfos Yom Tov).

(c)When the Tana says 'she'Hayah Godshah le'Tochah', he means that - when the Kohen pressed it down, it contained the same amount as the other measures that are heaped up.

16)

(a)What is the 'Birutzei Midos'?

(b)What distinction does the Tana Kama draw between the Birutzin of the liquid measures and the Birutzin of the solid measures?

(c)Why is that?

16)

(a)The 'Birutzei Midos' is - the contents of the vessel that rises above the level of the vessel.

(b)The Tana Kama rules that the Birutzin of the liquid measures - are Kodesh, whereas those of the solid measures - are Chol ...

(c)... because he holds that whereas the Chachamim sanctified the outside of the K'li as well as the inside (in which case the top edge of the K'li sanctifies the Birutzin), they did not sanctify the outside of the solid measures (See Tosfos Yom Tov).

17)

(a)Rebbi Akiva agrees with the Tana Kama on principle but gives a different reason for the latter ruling. How does he differ with regard to the solid measures?

(b)According to Rebbi Akiva, how do the contents of the solid measures then become sanctified?

(c)Then why are the Birutzin not sanctified too, according to him?

(d)Rebbi Yossi maintains that the Chachamim sanctified the inside (only) of both the liquid and the solid measures. How does he then explain the difference between the Birutzin of the two measures?

17)

(a)Rebbi Akiva agrees with the Tana Kama on principle, only he maintains that - the Chachamim did not sanctify the solid measures at all (See Tosfos Yom Tov).

(b)According to Rebbi Akiva, the contents of the solid measures become sanctified - by means of a verbal declaration ...

(c)... and the reason that the Birutzin are not sanctified too is - because the owner sanctifies what he needs for the Mitzvah and no more.

(d)Rebbi Yossi maintains that the Chachamim sanctified the inside (only) of both the liquid and the solid measures (See Tosfos Yom Tov), and the reason that the Birutzin of the liquid measures is Kadosh is - because with regard to liquids, what is at the top of the vessel was once at the bottom (where it became sanctified), which is not the case with regard to the solids.

Mishnah 6

18)

(a)On principle, which Korbanos (See Tosfos Yom Tov) require Nesachim?

(b)From which Pasuk in Sh'lach L'cha (in connection with the Nesachim) do we learn this?

(c)To which Korbanos does this apply, to Korb'nos Tzibur or Korb'nos Yachid?

18)

(a)On principle - Korbanos (See Tosfos Yom Tov) that come in the form of a Neder or Nedavah require Nesachim.

(b)We learn this from the Pasuk in Sh'lach-L'cha (in connection with the Nesachim) - "Lefalei Neder O Nedavah".

(c)This applies to - both Korb'nos Tzibur and Korb'nos Yachid.

19)

(a)Three of the five exceptions to the above ruling are B'chor, Ma'aser and Pesach. What are the other two?

(b)Which two Korbanos of a Metzora are exceptions to the exception (and require Nesachim)?

(c)What is the reason for this?

(d)That being the case, why does the Chatas of a Nazir not require Nesachim?

19)

(a)Three of the five exceptions to the above ruling are B'chor, Ma'aser and Pesach. The other two are - Chata'os and Ashamos.

(b)The Chatas and the Asham of a Metzora are exceptions to the exception (and require Nesachim [See Tosfos Yom Tov]) ...

(c)... because they do not come to atone for a sin (See previous Tosfos Yom Tov).

(d)The Chatas of a Nazir on the other hand, does not require Nesachim - because it comes to atone for the sin of withholding oneself from drinking wine.

20)

(a)What do we learn from the Pasuk there "O be'Mo'adeichem"? Which two Korbanos does this come to include in the Din of Nesachim?

(b)Why would we otherwise have thought that they do not require Nesachim?

(c)And what do we learn from the Pasuk there "ve'Chi Sa'aseh ben Bakar" (which is otherwise superfluous)?

20)

(a)We learn from the Pasuk there "O be'Mo'adeichem" that - the Olas Re'iyah and the Shalmei Chagigah also require Nesachim.

(b)We would otherwise have thought that they do not require Nesachim - since they are obligatory Korbanos.

(c)And from the Pasuk there "ve'Chi Sa'aseh ben Bakar" (which is otherwise superfluous), we learn that - only Korbanos that are similar to a ben Bakar (that come as a Neder or a Nedavah) are subject to Nesachim, bit not the goats (of a Chatas) that are brought on Yom-Tov (See Tosfos Yom Tov, end of DH 'Chutz min ha'Bechor').

Mishnah 7

21)

(a)What is an example of a 'Par ha'Ba al Kol ha'Mitzvos'?

(b)What is another name for 'Par ha'Ba al Kol ha'Mitzvos'?

(c)From where do we know that it requires Semichah?

(d)How many elders of Beis-Din must lean their hands on it?

21)

(a)An example of a 'Par ha'Ba al Kol ha'Mitzvos' is - if Beis-Din ruled that Cheilev is permitted, and the people followed their ruling.

(b)Another name for 'Par ha'Ba al Kol ha'Mitzvos' is - Par He'elam Davar'.

(c)We know that it requires Semichah - because the Pasuk in Vayikra specifically says that it does ("Vesamchu Ziknei ha'Eidah es Yedeiham al Rosh ha'Par").

(d)Three - elders of Beis-Din must lean their hands on it.

22)

(a)According to the Tana Kama, besides a Par ha'Ba al Kol ha'Mitzvos, which is the only other Korban Tzibur that requires Semichah?

(b)From where do we know that?

(c)Which Korban does Rebbi Shimon add to the list?

(d)Like whom is the Halachah?

22)

(a)According to the Tana Kama, besides a Par ha'Ba al Kol ha'Mitzvos, the only other Korban Tzibur that requires Semichah is - the Sa'ir ha'Mishtale'ach (on Yom Kipur) ...

(b)... which we know from the Pasuk in Acharei-Mos "ve'Samach Aharon es Sh'tei Yadav al Rosh ha'Sa'ir ha'Chai".

(c)Rebbi Shimon adds to the list - the Sa'ir Avodah-Zarah to the list (See Tiferes Yisrael).

(d)The Halachah is - like the Tana Kama.

23)

(a)What do we learn from the Pasuk in Vayikra "ve'Samach Yado al Rosh Korbano"?

(b)Which are the only three Korbanos on the Tana's list of Korb'nos Yachid that do not require Semichah?

(c)What does the Mishnah say about an heir who brings his father's Korban Olah or Shelamim ...

1. ... performing Semichah?

2. ... bringing Nesachim with it?

(d)What if he declares a Temurah on it?

23)

(a)We learn from the Pasuk in Vayikra "ve'Samach Yado al Rosh Korbano" that - a Korban Yachid requires Semichah.

(b)The only three Korbanos on the Tana's list of Korb'nos Yachid that do not require Semichah are - B'chor, Ma'aser and Pesach (See Tosfos Yom Tov).

(c)The Mishnah obligates an heir who brings his father's Korban Olah or Shelamim (See Tosfos Yom Tov) ...

1. ... to perform Semichah on it and ...

2. ... to bring Nesachim with it.

(d)And if he declares a Temurah on it - the Temurah takes effect (See Tosfos Yom Tov).

Mishnah 8

24)

(a)The Mishnah declares that everybody is subject to Semichah (See Tosfos Yom Tov) with the following nine exceptions, beginning with 'Cheresh, Shoteh ve'Katan. Why are they Patur from Semichah?

(b)The next two on the list are someone who is blind and a Nochri. How do we learn from the Pasuk in Vayikra (in connection with the Par He'elam Davar) "Vesamchu Ziknei ha'Eidah" that a blind person is Patur from Semichah?

(c)From which Pasuk in Vayikra do we learn that a Nochri too, is Patur?

24)

(a)The Mishnah declares that everybody is subject to Semichah (See Tosfos Yom Tov) with the following nine exceptions, beginning with 'Cheresh, Shoteh ve'Katan, who are Patur from Semichah - because they do not have Da'as (intelligence).

(b)The next two on the list are someone who is blind and a Nochri. We learn from the Pasuk in Vayikra (in connection with the Par He'elam Davar) "Vesamchu Ziknei ha'Eidah" that a blind person is Patur from Semichah - since a blind person is not eligible to sit on the Sanhedrin (See Tosfos Yom Tov).

(c)We learn that a Nochri is Patur from Semichah from the Pasuk there - "Daber el B'nei Yisrael ... ve'Samach", ('b'nei Yisrael Somchin, ve'Ein ha'Nochrim Somchin'.

25)

(a)The list ends with Eved Cana'ani, a Shali'ach and a woman. Which two do we learn from the Pasuk there "ve'samach es Yado"?

(b)And what do we learn from the Pasuk there "Daber el b'nei Yisrael ... ve'Samach Yado"?

(c)What does the Tana mean when he refers to Semichah as 'Sheyarei Mitzvah'?

(d)What if the owner of the Korban fails to perform Semichah on his Korban?

25)

(a)The list ends with Eved Cana'ani, Shali'ach and a woman. We learn the former two - from the Pasuk there "ve'samach es Yado" ("Yado", 've'Lo Yad Avdo, ve'Lo Yad Shelucho' [See Tosfos Yom Tov]).

(b)Whereas from the Pasuk there "Daber el b'nei Yisrael ... ve'Samach Yado" - we preclude women too, from the Din of Semichah ("b'nei Yisrael", 've'Lo B'nos Yisrael').

(c)When the Tana refers to Semichah as 'Sheyarei Mitzvah', he means that - it is not crucial and that it does not deter the Kaparah from taking place.

(d)If the owner of the Korban fails to perform Semichah on his Korban however - he receives an atonement but the Torah reckons as if he hasn't (See Tosfos Yom Tov).

26)

(a)On which part of the body of the Korban does one perform Semichah?

(b)With which part of one's own body does one perform it?

(d)What if one performed it outside the Azarah?

(e)What do we learn from the Pasuk "ve'Samach ... ve'Shachat"?

26)

(a)One performs Semichah - on the head of the Korban (See Tosfos Yom Tov) ...

(b)... with one's two hands (See Tosfos Yom Tov) ...

(c)... in the same location where the Shechitah will take place afterwards.

(d)Consequently, if one performed it outside the Azarah - one must repeat it in the Azarah (See Tosfos Yom Tov).

(e)We learn from the Pasuk "ve'Samach ... ve'Shachat" that - the Shechitah must follow the Semichah immediately ('Teikef li'Semichah Shechitah').

Mishnah 9

27)

(a)Which category of Korban are Shutfim (partners) permitted to bring?

(b)In which point is Semichah more stringent with regard to a Korban of Shutfim than Tenufah?

(c)Why can they not all perform Tenufah simultaneously?

(d)Then why is there no problem with the Kohen placing his hands under those of the owner and performing Tenufah together with him?

27)

(a)Shutfim (partners) are permitted to bring - all kinds of Korban Nedavah.

(b)Semichah is more stringent with regard to a Korban of Shutfim than Tenufah - inasmuch as although one of the Shutfim is permitted to perform Tenufah on behalf of all the partners, each partner is obligated to perform Semichah the Korban.

(c)They cannot all perform Tenufah simultaneously - because each one's hands will inevitably be a Chatzitzah (interrupt) between the hands of the other one and the skin of the animal (See Tosfos yom Tov).

(d)There no problem with the Kohen placing his hands underneath those of the owner and performing Tenufah together with him - because the Ikar Tenufah is performed by the owner (so it doesn't matter if the owner's hands form a Chatzitzah between the ands of the Kohen and the animal.

28)

(a)What is the difference between Semichah and Tenufah with regard to ...

1. ... Korb'nos Tzibur?

2. ... Korbanos that have already been Shechted?

3. ... Korbanos that have no spirit of life?

(b)Which Korban (Tzibur) requires Tenufah both when it is alive and after it has been Shechted?

(c)Which Korban is the Tana referring to when he says that it is subject to Tenufah even though it has no spirit of life?

28)

(a)Whereas ...

1. ... Korb'nos Tzibur ...

2. ... Korbanos that have already been Shechted and ...

3. ... Korbanos that have no spirit of life - are not subject to Semichah, they are subject to Tenufah.

(b)The Korban (Tzibur) that requires Tenufah both when it is alive and after it has been Shechted is - the two lambs on Shavu'os.

(c)When the Tana says that it is subject to Tenufah even though it has no spirit of life, he is referring to - the loaves of a Todah and of a Nazir.