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1. There is a dispute about whether one must say, "Yehei Shmei Rabah Mevorach," in one utterance.
2. Blessings on Mitzvos are almost always done before performing the Mitzvos, not afterward.
3. The Mishnah discusses how one may obtain an Esrog during the Shemitah year.
4. The Gemara advises what one should do if the seller does not want to give the Esrog as a gift.
5. The Gemara explains why one may not buy an Esrog from an Am ha'Aretz during Shemitah.


1. Rava: One must say it in one utterance. Rav Safra: Saying "Mevorach" immediately after "Rabah" is not that significant, as long as he eventually says the entire statement.
2. Accordingly, one must recite the blessing on the Lulav before picking it up (in such a manner that he fulfills the Mitzvah by picking up all four species, which is why some hold the Esrog upside down before concluding the blessing; see Tosfos).
3. One is not allowed to sell Shemitah fruit. Therefore, the Mishnah advises one to buy the Lulav and have the seller include the Esrog as a gift.
4. He may include the Esrog in the sale by buying only the Lulav, and pricing the Lulav higher than its actual value, with the Esrog given as a gift.
5. Since Shemitah fruits and their proceeds must be destroyed when the Zman Bi'ur (time to dispose of Shemitah fruit) arrives, the Am ha'Aretz is suspected of not disposing of the money at this time. As a result, the customer transgresses "Lifnei Iver" by purchasing from the Am ha'Aretz.

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