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YOMA 44 - Two weeks of study material have been dedicated by Mrs. Estanne Abraham Fawer to honor the Yahrzeit of her father, Rav Mordechai ben Eliezer Zvi (Rabbi Morton Weiner) Z'L, who passed away on 18 Teves 5760. May the merit of supporting and advancing Dafyomi study -- which was so important to him -- during the weeks of his Yahrzeit serve as an Iluy for his Neshamah.


1. When the Kohen Gadol is serving in the Kodesh ha'Kodashim, it is forbidden for anyone to be in the Heichal.
2. The Ketores offered in the Kodesh ha'Kodashim serves as atonement for the entire nation.
3. The Ketores specifically atones for the sin of Lashon ha'Ra.
4. When the Kohen Gadol offers Ketores in the Heichal, it is forbidden for anyone to stand between the Mizbe'ach and the Ulam.
5. Rebbi Yosi: This law (#4) also applies in certain cases when the Kohen Gadol sprinkles blood in the Heichal.


1. It is also forbidden for them to be in the Heichal as he leaves the Kodesh ha'Kodashim.
2. The fact that the Ketores atones is derived from the verse, "And he placed the Ketores and he atoned for the people."
3. More specifically, it atones for evil speech that is done in private (see Erchin 16a).
4. In contrast, when he serves in the Kodesh ha'Kodashim, no one may enter the Heichal while he offers the Ketores, sprinkles blood, enters, and leaves.
5. This applies when the Kohen Gadol sprinkles the blood of a Par Kohen Mashi'ach, Par He'elem Davar, and Se'ir Avodas Kochavim.

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