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NIDAH 10 (10 Sivan) - dedicated by Mrs. Rita Grunberger of Queens, N.Y., in loving memory of her husband, Reb Yitzchok Yakov ben Eliyahu Grunberger. Irving Grunberger helped many people quietly in an unassuming manner and he is dearly missed by all who knew him. His Yahrzeit is 10 Sivan.


1. Bloodstains on clothing are not considered to be from Tamei blood when they are found on the clothes of a girl who is not yet of age.
2. There is a dispute about such stains (see #1) when the girl already saw blood twice.
3. The Gemara concludes that such stains are considered Tahor.
4. The Gemara explains the definition of "seeing blood" in the above case (see #1).
5. Nursing and pregnancy can combine to give a woman the status of one who does not see blood.


1. If a girl was not at an age at which girls normally experience their period, even if she already saw blood once we assume that any bloodstains on her clothing or sheets are not from her, but from a different source.
2. Chizkiyah: The blood is deemed Tamei, since she already has a status of seeing blood. Rebbi Yochanan: Bloodstains on her clothing are considered to have a status of Tum'ah only after she has seen blood three times.
3. The Gemara determines that Rebbi Shimon ben Yehotzadak agrees with Rebbi Yochanan, and thus it is a dispute of two against one (Chizkiyah).
4. Even if she bleeds for seven days consecutively, in a way in which she feels that there is a steady dripping, all of these days together are considered one sighting of blood. Obviously, this does not mean that she bled constantly (as one would die if she literally bled for seven days), but rather that there was no general pause or cessation during these seven days of bleeding.
5. For example, if she was nursing and missed two periods and then became pregnant and missed one, we say that if she sees blood afterwards it is presumed that the Dam flowed only now. We do not suspect that there was a flow of Dam earlier and deem her Teme'ah retroactively.

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