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|KERISUS 18 (8 Elul) - Dedicated in memory of Esther Miryam bas Harav Chaim Zev and her husband Harav Refael Yisrael ben Harav Moshe (Snow), whose Yahrzeits are 7 Elul and 8 Elul respectively. Sponsored by their son and daughter in law, Moshe and Rivka Snow.|
1. Rav Nachman offers a third explanation for why Rav says that one must have had both a permitted and forbidden choice in order to be obligated to bring an Asham Taluy.
2. The Beraisa discusses the case of a person who ate both pieces (see #1) with various levels of intent.
3. There is a dispute about whether a realization that one might have sinned is considered a full realization with regard to offering a Chatas.
4. Me'ilah is unique in that if one derives benefit from half a Perutah of Hekdesh and then, days later, uses the other half-Perutah, they combine to make him liable.
5. If a person is unsure about whether he sinned on Yom Kippur, the day atones for him.
A BIT MORE
1. Rav Nachman says that the permitted item and forbidden item must be together in the same place in order one to be obligated to bring an Asham Taluy. Accordingly, in a case where two items were together and a Nochri ate one while a Jew ate the other, Rav says that he must bring an Asham Taluy (unlike the reasons stated above, Daf 17, #5).
2. Everyone agrees that if he ate the first item accidentally, he must bring an Asham Taluy. If he ate the first item intentionally and the second item accidentally, the Chachamim say that he is exempt. Rebbi says that he is liable.
3. While such a realization is enough to obligate one to bring an additional Asham Taluy if he did this act again after his realization, there is dispute about whether such a doubtful realization is enough to cause him to offer multiple Korbenos Chatas when he later realizes that he indeed sinned. Rebbi says that it does, while Rava says that it does not.
4. This is in contrast to most other prohibitions, such as those involving forbidden foods. In order to be liable, one must eat the entire amount forbidden in a short amount of time (such as Kedei Achilas Peras).
5. However, Yom Kippur does not atone for half of a sin. Therefore, one still can be liable for Me'ilah if he derived a half-Perutah of benefit from Hekdesh before Yom Kippur and a half-Perutah of benefit after Yom Kippur.
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