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BECHOROS 47 (5 Teves) - Dedicated in memory of Max (Meir Menachem ben Shlomo ha'Levi) Turkel, by his children Eddie and Lawrence and his wife Jean Turkel/Rafalowicz. Max was a warm and loving husband and father and is missed dearly by his family and friends.


1. Rebbi Yochanan: If a Nochri has children and then he converts, his first Jewish-born child does not receive a double portion. Rebbi Shimon ben Lakish: His first Jewish-born child does receive a double portion.
2. A similar dispute (see #1) applies to the Mitzvah of "Peru u'Revu," "be fruitful and multiply."
3. Rav Papa: If a Levite woman has a child from a Nochri, her firstborn son is exempt from being redeemed from the Kohen. Rava: Even if a Levite woman marries a Yisrael, her firstborn son is exempt from being redeemed from the Kohen.
4. The Gemara discusses the law of redeeming a firstborn son of a Kohen who married a woman who is forbidden to Kohanim (and the Kohen died after the birth of his son).
5. The argument above (#4) refers to a case in which the Kohen father died within thirty days of the birth.
6. The Mishnah teaches that a woman who miscarries undeveloped pieces that do not have the appearance of a normal human fetus is not considered to have given birth to a firstborn son.
7. There is a dispute in the Mishnah about the status of a firstborn delivered by Caesarean section, and the status of the next son to be born.


1. Rebbi Yochanan: He is not considered "his first drop of seed that turns into a child." Rebbi Shimon ben Lakish: He is considered a new person when he converts, and therefore his first child after conversion is considered his first child.
2. Rebbi Yochanan: A person who had children while he was a Nochri and then converted has already fulfilled the Mitzvah of Peru u'Revu. Reish Lakish: He did not.
3. Rava understands from the verse, "first to exit the womb," that the exemption from redeeming a firstborn son also applies to the woman giving birth. Just as a Levite is exempt, a Levite woman is also exempt.
4. While he needs to be redeemed, everyone agrees that if the Kohen died after his son was a month old, no redemption is necessary, since the Kohen acquired the redemption money automatically.
5. Rav Chisda and Rebbi Shimon ben Lakish: The son must redeem himself, since the father never acquired the redemption money. Rabah bar Rav Huna: He does not need to redeem himself, since he can claim that he is in place of his father who could have claimed the money for himself.
6. The Mishnah's cases include a case of a fetus full of water or blood, a fetus that looks like a fish, a grasshopper, or another creature.
7. Tana Kama: Neither one requires redemption from a Kohen, and neither one receives a double portion. Rebbi Shimon: The first one receives a double portion while the second one requires redemption.

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