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|CHULIN 31-43 - Two weeks of study material have been dedicated by Mrs. Estanne Abraham Fawer to honor the Yahrzeit of her father, Rav Mordechai ben Eliezer Zvi (Rabbi Morton Weiner) Z'L, who passed away on 18 Teves 5760. May the merit of supporting and advancing Dafyomi study -- which was so important to him -- during the weeks of his Yahrzeit serve as an Iluy for his Neshamah.|
1. If one slaughters an animal as a sacrifice to the angel of the mountains, seas, desert, the sun, moon, or stars, or to the angel Micha'el, or even to a worm, one may not benefit from that animal at all.
2. If one slaughters an animal to the mountains, rather than to the angel of the mountains, it is Pasul, but one is permitted to derive benefit from it.
3. If one slaughtered the animal of his friend when the animal was crouching in front of an Avodah Zarah, the animal becomes forbidden, even if he cut only one Siman.
4. Rebbi Yochanan maintains that although if one bows down to the animal of a friend, it does not become forbidden, if one does an act to the body of the animal for the sake of Avodah Zarah, it becomes forbidden. Rav Nachman, Rav Amram, and Rebbi Yitzchak disagree.
5. If one slaughters a Chatas to an Avodah Zarah on Shabbos outside the Beis ha'Mikdash, he is Chayav three Chata'os: for Shabbos, Avodah Zarah, and Shechutei Chutz.
A BIT MORE
1. A sacrifice to an Avodah Zarah is called "Zivchei Mesim." Just as one is forbidden to derive benefit from a Mes (corpse), one is forbidden to derive benefit from a sacrifice to an Avodah Zarah.
2. A mountain or anything else attached to the ground cannot become an Avodah Zarah. Therefore, a sacrifice offered to a mountain is not Zivchei Mesim.
3. An animal does not usually become forbidden as an Avodah Zarah. However, if one does an act to the body of the animal for the sake of Avodah Zarah, it does become forbidden.
4. One cannot cause the property of another person to become forbidden. Therefore, if one bows down to his friend's animal, the animal is permitted, and it even may be offered as a Korban. However, according to Rebbi Yochanan, when one does an act to the body of the animal, he can prohibit the animal of his friend. According to Rav Nachman, Rav Amram, and Rebbi Yitzchak, once cannot prohibit the property of his friend even with an act.
5. However, he is Chayav for Shechutei Chutz only if it is a Chatas ha'Of, which requires the Shechitah of one Siman only. Also, he is Chayav only if half of the Siman was already cut and he slaughtered another little bit. If, however, the Korban is an Olas ha'Of or a Chatas Behemah (or any other Korban) which requires the Shechitah of two Simanim, as soon as he cuts a little bit it becomes forbidden as Avodah Zarah. Upon the completion of the Shechitah he is not Chayav a Chatas for transgressing the prohibition of Avodah Zarah because the completion of the Shechitah is not considered a Shechitah at all, since it already became forbidden as an Avodah Zarah.
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