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1. A stone or wood winepress belonging to a Nochri which is dry must be washed with water first and then dried off with ashes. If it is moist, it must be dried off with ashes first and then washed in water.
2. The Chachamim of Sura say that the disagreement between Rav and Shmuel is that according to Rav, if the winepress is dry, water is applied first and then ashes. According to Shmuel, water is applied for a second time.
3. The Chachamim of Pumbedisa say that the disagreement between Rav and Shmuel is that according to Rav, water is applied first to a dry winepress, then ashes and then water again. According to Shmuel, ashes are applied a second time.
4. If a person wants to purify his wine or olive press from Tum'ah, he must wash the pressing boards, treading basins and palm brooms. The nettings of wicker must be dried.
5. Nettings made from Shifa or Gemi (a type of plant) must be aged for twelve months, according to the Tana Kama. Raban Shimon ben Gamliel says that they must be aged from one season to the next.
6. Rebbi Yosi says that if one wants to purify these items immediately, he must boil them in water or scald them with olive water. Raban Shimon ben Gamliel says in the name of Rebbi Yosi that he must put them under a pipe that is streaming water, or in a spring with rushing water.
7. Sieves made of human hair are purified by washing them.If they are made of wool, they must be dried. If they are made of linen, they must be aged.
8. Basket and beehive sieves made with ropes are purified by washing them. If they are made of Tzavsa (a type of Gemi) they must be dried. If they are made out of linen, they must be aged.
9. An Am ha'Aretz sticks his hand in a winepress. He touches a cluster of grapes in the wine. There is a disagreement about whether all of the contents of the winepress are Tamei.
10. A utensil is purchased from a Nochri. If it was used only for cold food, it must be immersed in a Mikvah. If it was used for hot food, it must be placed in boiling water. If it was used directly on a flame, it must be singed in a fire.
11. A new utensil purchased from a Nochri which is to be used for dining purposes must also be immersed in a Mikvah.
12. It is not necessary to immerse an earthenware utensil purchased from a Nochri.
A BIT MORE
1. If the press is moist, it must be wiped down with ashes first in order to dry off the moisture before water is applied.
2. In contrast, for a moist press, Rav says ashes are applied, then water, and then ashes again. Shmuel says water is also applied twice.
3. In contrast, for a moist press, Rav says both ashes and water are applied twice. Shmuel says ashes are applied three times.
4. The same process is also required if these items were used for Yayin Nesech.
5. One season to the next is usually twelve months. However, sometimes the seasons are a bit later or earlier than usual.
6. He must leave it under the pipe or in the spring for at least twelve hours.
7. If there are knots, they must be untied.
8. If there are knots, they must be untied.
9. There is a disagreement between Rebbi and Rebbi Chiya about whether only the cluster and its surroundings are Tamei, or whether all of the contents of the winepress are Tamei.
10. A utensil which was used for hot food and was used on a fire must also be immersed in a Mikvah.
11. However, it is not necessary to immerse a utensil which has been borrowed from a Nochri.
12. If the earthenware utensil is coated with lead, it must be immersed.
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