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1. Reish Lakish says that if hot bread is placed on an open barrel of wine of Terumah, the bread is prohibited.
2. If cold bread is placed on a closed barrel of wine of Terumah, the bread is permitted.
3. If hot bread is placed on a closed barrel of wine of Terumah, or if cold bread is placed at the opening of a barrel of wine of Terumah, there is a disagreement about whether the bread is permitted.
4. If prohibited vinegar spills into hot beans, the mixture is permitted even if the vinegar gives taste to the beans.
5. If prohibited vinegar spills into cold beans and gives taste to the beans, the beans are prohibited even if they are heated up later.
6. Reish Lakish says that if a prohibited item spills into a dish and gives it a bad taste, the dish is prohibited if the bad taste could have been masked by adding enough salt or spices.
7. According to the second version of Reish Lakish, if a prohibited item spills into a dish and gives it a bad taste, even if the bad taste that it gives is a result of insufficient salt or spices, the dish is permitted.
8. Rebbi Yochanan says that if a tangible, prohibited item becomes mixed with a permitted food, and there is at least the size of an olive of the prohibited item in the size of four eggs of the mixture, one who eats the mixture is Chayav Malkus.
9. If an intangible, prohibited item, such as milk, falls into a pot of meat, the dish is prohibited. There is no Chiyuv Malkus for eating it.
10. If a prohibited item becomes mixed with a permitted food, the mixture is permitted even if the dish already received a bad taste from something else, provided that the prohibited item makes it taste even worse.
11. According to Rebbi Meir, even if a prohibited item gives a bad taste to a dish, the dish is prohibited. Rebbi Shimon disagrees.
A BIT MORE
1. The bread is prohibited according to everyone, because the aroma of the Terumah wine becomes absorbed in the bread.
2. The bread is permitted, because it does not absorb the aroma of the Terumah wine.
3. According to Rebbi Meir, the bread is prohibited. According to Rebbi Yehudah, it is permitted. According to Rebbi Yosi, wheat bread is permitted, while barley bread is forbidden, since barley is more absorbent.
4. Since the taste that the vinegar gives is detrimental to the flavor of the food, the mixture is permitted.
5. Since the vinegar spilled into the beans while they were cold, it gives a good taste to the beans, and thus the mixture is prohibited.
6. The prohibited item right now gives a bad taste to the dish, since the dish is lacking salt or spices, or contains an overabundance of salt or spices. As the right amount of salt or spices would have masked the bad taste, the dish is prohibited.
7. This version of the ruling of Reish Lakish is a leniency. Since the prohibited item gives a bad taste to the dish at the moment it falls in, the mixture is permitted, despite the fact that the bad taste would have been masked with a sufficient amount of salt or spices.
8. It is a Halachah l'Moshe mi'Sinai that if one eats an olive's size of a prohibited item within the amount of time that it takes to eat four eggs, one is Chayav Malkus.
9. Since the milk dissolves in the pot, even if a substantial amount of milk fell in there is no Chiyuv Malkus for eating the meat.
10. Although the dish has a bad taste without the prohibited item, since the prohibited item gives it an even worse taste, the dish is permitted.
11. Rebbi Meir derives this from the verses that describe the war with Midyan. The Jewish people were instructed to Kasher the pots which they seized from Midyan, even though what was absorbed in the pots would have given a bad taste to whatever was cooked in them. According to Rebbi Shimon, the pots would have given a good taste had they been used on the same day.
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