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1. It is permissible to kill a Rodef only if it is impossible to stop him in any other way.
2. A king does not have the authority to order someone to transgress a Mitzvah in the Torah.
3. Yo'av joined Adoniyahu's rebellion against David ha'Melech, but he was afraid to join Avshalom's rebellion even though he wanted to join it.
4. A Bor and a Sirah caused Avner's death.
5. Yo'av's household was like a desert.
6. The four Misos Beis Din are Sekilah, Sereifah, Hereg and Chenek.
7. A Mishnah in Nidah lists seven chemical agents which are applied to a stain on a garment in order to determine if the stain is a blood stain. When these seven agents are applied, they will remove a blood stain but they will not be able to remove other stains.
8. A Chalitzah is valid even if the order of the procedure is reversed.
9. A Kohen must put on the Michnasayim before he puts on any other article of clothing.


1. If it is possible to stop a Rodef by stabbing him in one of his limbs rather than killing him, he must be stopped in that way, and a person who kills him will be Chayav Misah.
2. A person who disobeys a king's command is not considered a Mored b'Malchus if obeying the command would have entailed transgressing a Mitzvah in the Torah or being Mevatel Torah. Thus, such a person may not be put to death.
3. At the time of Avshalom's rebellion, David ha'Melech was still young and had vitality, so Yo'av was afraid to rebel against him. Furthermore, the four hundred strongmen of David who were at the head of his army were still serving him, and Yo'av feared them.
4. When David spared Sha'ul's life while he was sleeping and instead took Sha'ul's water jug (which is called "Bor" here) to show that he had been in proximity to Sha'ul and could have killed him had he wished, Avner dismissed David's claim and suggested to Sha'ul that one of the soldiers might have given the jug to David. On another occasion, David cut off a piece of Sha'ul's cloak while he was sleeping to demonstrate that he had been close enough to kill him but had spared his life, but Avner again dismissed David's claim. He suggested to Sha'ul that a thorn might have torn the clothing and David had simply found the scrap on the thorn.
5. Just as a desert is Hefker, Yo'av's home was open for the poor to take whatever they needed. In addition, just as the sins of Gezel and Arayos do not occur in a desert, Yo'av's household was also free of these sins.
6. The Misos Beis Din are listed in the Mishnah in descending order of severity. Rebbi Shimon disagrees with the Tana Kama and maintains that Sereifah is a more severe Misah than Sekilah and Chenek is more severe than Hereg.
7. The seven chemical agents will remove a blood stain only if they are applied in the order in which they are listed. If they are applied in a different order, or even if they are applied simultaneously, even a blood stain might not come out.
8. The correct order of the Chalitzah procedure is as follows: First the Yevamah reads from the Parshah, then the Yavam reads, then she takes off his shoe and spits in front of him, and finally, she reads from the Parshah again. The Parshah must be read in Lashon Ha'Kodesh and her spit must be substantial enough to be seen.
9. The Michnasayim are required to be put on first even though the first garment of the Kohanim that is mentioned in the verse is the Kesones. The Kesones is mentioned first because it covers the entire body.

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