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SOTAH 16 - Dedicated by Rabbi Kornfeld's father, Mr. David Kornfeld, in memory of the members of his family, Hashem Yikom Damam, who perished at the hands of the Nazi murderers in the Holocaust and whose Yahrzeit is observed on 4 Sivan: his mother (Mirel bas Yakov Mordechai), brothers (Shraga Feivel, Aryeh Leib and Yisachar Dov, sons of Mordechai), grandfather (Reb Yakov Mordechai ben Reb David [Shpira]) and aunt (Charne bas Yakov Mordechai [wife of Reb Moshe Aryeh Cohen z'l]).


The Dinim of Sotah applied when the Mishkan was in Shilo and when the Korbanos were brought in Nov and Givon and in the times of the Beis ha'Mikdash. (1)
Someone who enters the Mishkan or Beis ha'Mikdash in a state of Tum'ah is Chayav Kares.
If there is no dirt on the ground of the Mishkan dirt should be placed down in the Mishkan and then scooped up.
Beis Shamai holds that ashes may not be used for covering the blood of a Chayah or Of, but Beis Hillel argues.
Anything that can be planted in is Kosher for Kisuy ha'Dam.
A Get may be written on any surface.
A Nazir who cuts his hair by any means is Chayav Malkus.
A Metzora must shave off all of his hair both for the first and second shavings. (2)
Rebbi Yishmael was Doresh the entire Torah with Klal and Prat and Rebbi Akiva was Doresh the Torah with Ribuy and Mi'ut. (3)
If there is no dirt available rotted vegetables may be placed instead in the Mei Sotah.
The dirt that is placed in the Mei Sotah must be enough to be discernible.
Enough ashes must be sprinkled from the Parah Adumah for it to be perceptible.
The spit of the Yevamah must be thick enough to be detectable.
Rebbi Yishmael says that a Revi'is of water is used for a Metzora so that the blood of the bird will be discernible in the water.
A bird called Tzipor Dror is used in the purification of a Metzora. (4)
If the dirt is placed in the utensil prior to the Mei Sotah it is Pasul, but Rebbi Shimon says that it is Kosher.
If the ashes for the Parah Adumah are placed in the utensil prior to the water it is Pasul, but Rebbi Shimon says that it is Kosher.


1. Rashi says that the Dinim of the Sotah did not apply in Nov and Givon because there was no Mishkan at the time and the Minchah of a Sotah is not brought on a Bamah since it is a Minchas Yachid that does not have a fixed time.
2. With the exception of the hair in the nose.
3. According to Rebbi Yishmael a Metzora only must shave a gathering of hair when he shaves for the second time, while Rebbi Akiva argues.
4. The blood of a Tzipor Dror is always sufficient to be perceptible in a Revi'is of water and it is never so much that it will overwhelm a Revi'is of water.


Beis Shamai holds that ashes may not be used for covering the blood of a Chayah or Of, but Beis Hillel argues. Rabeinu Tam says that Beis Shamai agrees that the ashes from wood may be used to cover the blood and he only argues with regard to the ashes from food. Rashi holds however that all types of ashes are Pasul according to Beis Shamai. (Tosfos Shantz)


Mei Sotah that was kept overnight is Pasul with Linah. If the dirt was placed [in the utensil] prior to the water it is Pasul. If there was no dirt in the Heichal, dirt is brought in from outside and placed down in the Heichal and the Kohen takes from that dirt and puts it in the water. Ashes may not be used, but rot that is similar to dirt may be used. The Kohen shall not dig into the Heichal with a shovel in order to extract dirt, but if he does so it is Kosher. (Rambam Hilchos Sotah 4:12,13)

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