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|KESUVOS 47 - Two weeks of study material have been dedicated by Mrs. Estanne Abraham Fawer to honor the Yahrzeit of her father, Rav Mordechai ben Eliezer Zvi (Rabbi Morton Weiner) Z'L, who passed away on 18 Teves 5760. May the merit of supporting and advancing Dafyomi study -- which was so important to him -- during the weeks of his Yahrzeit serve as an Iluy for his Neshamah.|
The Chachamim gave to the father the right to the Metzi'ah of his daughter so that he would not feel resentment towards her. (1)
The handiwork of both a Ketanah and a Na'arah is given to the father.
Tana Kama: The father may not eat the fruit from a property that his daughter inherited from her mother.
Rebbi Yosi bar Yehudah: A father has the right to eat the fruit from the property of his daughter. (2)
A husband eats the fruit from the property of his wife because, otherwise, he might refrain from ransoming her if is she is captured.
Tana Kama: If an Arusah dies, the husband does not inherit the dowry. Rebbi Nasan: The husband inherits the dowry of his Arusah.
Tana Kama: If the Arus dies, the Arusah collects the entire Kesuvah. Rebbi Elazar ben Azaryah: An Arusah collects only the principal Kesuvah, not the Tosefes Kesuvah. (3)
The Rabanan decreed that the husband must provide food for his wife in exchange for her handiwork.
The Rabanan decreed that the husband must ransom his wife in the event that she is captured in exchange for the fruit of her property. (4)
The Rabanan decreed that the husband must pay for the burial of his wife in exchange for the dowry.
Rava: According to one Tana, it is a Torah obligation for the husband to provide food for his wife.
A BIT MORE
1. Since the father supports the daughter, if he would not have the right to her Metzi'ah he would resent her and would discontinue supporting her.
2. Rebbi Yosi bar Yehudah is concerned that if the father would not have the right to eat the fruit from her property, he would refrain from ransoming her in the event that she is kidnapped. He might say, "She has her own money. Let her ransom herself."
3. Rebbi Elazar ben Azaryah maintains that the husband wrote for her the Tosefes Kesuvah only on condition that he would marry her.
4. The property of the wife which she brings into the marriage but which is not written in the Kesuvah is called "Nichsei Melug." The husband has the right to eat the fruit from that property even though the property belongs to the wife.
WORK ON SHABBOS AND YOM TOV
The Gemara says that if the father marries off his daughter on Shabbos or Yom Tov, he is not causing her to take off from her work. Rebbi Akiva Eiger asks that there are many types of work that are permitted Min ha'Torah on Shabbos and Yom Tov. Therefore, even if he marries her off on Shabbos and Yom Tov, he is making her take off from work. The Rashash answers that even though Min ha'Torah certain types of work are permitted on Shabbos and Yom Tov, since it is not usual for someone to work on Shabbos and Yom Tov it is not regarded as though he is forcing her to take off from work.
OBLIGATIONS OF MARRIAGE
When a man gets married, he accepts upon himself ten obligations. The ten obligations are: to provide her with food and clothing, marital relations, to pay the principal Kesuvah, to pay for her medical needs, to ransom her if she is captured, to pay for her burial, to allow her to live in his house and be supported from his property while she is a widow, to allow her daughters to be supported from his property after he dies until they get engaged, and that her sons will inherit her Kesuvah along with their share in the inheritance of the property that they divide with the other sons.
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