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MOED KATAN 24

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MOED KATAN 24 (9 Elul) - Dedicated by Elliot and Lori Linzer in memory of Chana bas Mordechei Eliezer z'l.

SUMMARY

A mourner that does not let his hair grow or does not rip his clothing is punished with death.
 
A mourner may not have marital relations. (1)
 
Shmuel says that on Shabbos a mourner must uncover his head, turn the rip in his clothing to the back and turn his bed back up. (2)
 
Shmuel says that on Shabbos a mourner may walk barefoot, may abstain from marital relations and may abstain from washing his hands, feet and face with warm water prior to Shabbos.
 
Shmuel says that only a rip at the time of intense mourning (the time of death) is a valid rip, and only if the head is covered in the manner of the Arabs is it a valid head covering. (3)
 
If a mourner changes his clothing he must rip his clothing again. It is a dispute between the Amora'im whether the clothing that was ripped the second time may be repaired.
 
If an infant less than thirty days old passes away the regulations of mourning do not apply.
 
It is a dispute between the Tanaim regarding the minimum age a deceased child that would require a eulogy. (4)
 
The day prior to Shavu'os or Rosh ha'Shanah together with Shavu'os or Rosh ha'Shanah count as fourteen days toward the thirty day mourning period.
 
The day prior to Sukos together with Sukos and Shemini Atzeres count as twenty one days toward the thirty day mourning period.

A BIT MORE

1. There was a story with a mourner that had marital relations and his body was snatched by pigs.
 
2. Rav holds that a mourner may keep his head covered on Shabbos. The basis of the dispute between Rav and Shmuel is that Shmuel holds that a mourner cover most of his face in the manner of the Arabs, thus if a mourner does so on Shabbos it would be an obvious display of mourning which is forbidden on Shabbos.
 
3. If a person is ripping his clothes for a Torah scholar that passed away he may do so even if it is not the time of death, because their Torah is constantly remembered and thus the mourning for them is very intense even though it is not the time of death.
 
4. Rebbi Meir says in the name of Rebbi Yishmael for the children of poor people or elder people the minimum age is three and for the children of wealthy people the minimum age is five. Rebbi Yehudah says in the name of Rebbi Yishmael for poor or elder people the minimum age is five and for wealthy people the minimum age is six.

BRIEF INSIGHT

The Gemara says that the day prior to Rosh Hashanah together with Rosh Hashanah count as fourteen days toward the thirty-day mourning period. The Rishonim ask that the Mishnah says that if a person dies at least eight days prior to the Regel the thirty day mourning period is repealed. If so what is the significance of the fact that by the end of Rosh Hashanah fourteen days are knocked off, since when Yom Kippur arrives the entire thirty days mourning period will be repealed. The answer is that Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur are not completely regarded as Regalim. Therefore although either Rosh Hashanah or Yom Kippur may repeal a mourning period, however they do not have the clout to work in tandem. They can't both repeal a mourning period for the same mourner; it is either one or the other. Therefore in this case that Rosh Hashanah is repealing the seven day mourning period Yom Kippur does not repeal the thirty day mourning period.

QUICK HALACHAH

A mourner is forbidden in marital relations; however other types of intimacy are permitted. It is even permitted to pour drinks for each other, make each other's beds and wash each other's face, hands, and feet. This applies both if the husband is a mourner and if the wife is a mourner. However they must be stringent regarding hugging and kissing.

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