[37a - 47 lines; 37b - 27 lines]

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We recommend using the textual changes suggested by the Bach and the marginal notes of the Vilna Shas. This section is devoted to any other important corrections that Acharonim have pointed out in the Mishnah, Gemara and Rosh.

[1] Mishnah 37a [line 20]:

The words "Halach Kelapei Ma'arav" הלך כלפי מערב

should be "Halach Al Pnei Ma'arav" הלך על פני מערב (Ezras Kohanim, quoting the Mishnah)

[2] Mishnah [line 22]:

Should be corrected as suggested by the Shitah Mekubetzes #1

[3] Mishnah [line 26]:

The words "uv'Roshan Pispesin Mavdil ba'Aliyah" ובראשן פספסין מבדיל בעליה

should be "v'Roshei Pispesin Mavdilin ba'Aliyah" וראשי פספסין מבדילין בעליה (Ezras Kohanim, quoting the Mishnah)

[4] Mishnah 37b [line 8]:

Should be corrected as suggested by the Shitah Mekubetes #3


1)[line 10]מסיבהMESIBAH- VS #39, TY #65. A ramp extended upwards from the floor at the northeast of the Sanctuary to the roof at the northwest, running level across the roof to the southwest, and upwards on the south to the entrance of the Sanctuary Aliyah (attic). (The attic was rarely entered. Once in seven years, when it was necessary to inspect or repair the walls of the Kodesh ha'Kodashim, artisans would be lowered in boxes from openings in the attic floor. These boxes were open in front to allow the artisans (Kohanim, if possible) to make their repairs without viewing the rest of the Kodesh ha'Kodashim. (King Yoash was hidden here (by his aunt, Yehosheva bas Yoram) as a child, saving him from the murderous intents of Queen Asalyah (Melachim II 11:1-3).)

2)[line 11]רובדROVED- (a) and the ceiling of the compartment of the ground floor, which was the floor of the compartment of the next floor (RASHI, RABEINU SHEMAYAH); (b) a balcony of wooden planks or stones that rested upon beams that stuck out of the wall of the Heichal at the height of the ceiling of the Ta'im (RAMBAM, BARTENURA)

3)[line 13]"היציע התחתונה חמש באמה רחבה והתיכנה שש באמה רחבה והשלישית שבע באמה רחבה [כי מגרעות נתן לבית סביב חוצה לבלתי אחז בקירות הבית]""HA'YATZI'A HA'TACHTONAH CHAMESH BA'AMAH ROCHBAH VEHA'TICHONAH SHESH BA'AMAH ROCHBAH, VEHA'SHELISHIS SHEVA BA'AMAH ROCHBA, [KI MIGRA'OS NASAN LA'BAYIS SAVIV CHUTZAH, L'VILTI ACHOZ B'KIROS HA'BAYIS.]"- "The lowest [chamber of the] Yatzi'a was five Amos wide, and the middle was six Amos wide, and the third was seven Amos wide; [for outside around the wall of the house (i.e. the Beis ha'Mikdash) he made recesses, that the beams should not penetrate into the walls of the house." (Melachim I 6:6)

4)[line 23]עליהALIYAH- (lit. attic) an upper story, above the Kodesh and the Kodesh ha'Kodashim

5)[line 28]לוליןLULIN- and openings in the ceiling

6)[line 29]היו משלשליןHAYU MESHALSHELIN- they would lower

7)[line 30]כדי שלא יזונו עיניהםKEDEI SHE'LO YAZUNU EINEIHEM- so that their eyes should not feast

8)[line 31]ההיכל מאה על מאה על רום מאהHA'HEICHAL ME'AH AL ME'AH AL RUM ME'AH- and the [total length] Beis ha'Mikdash (consisting of the Ulam, the Heichal and the Kodesh ha'Kodashim) was one hundred Amos long, one hundred Amos wide (this is only the width of the Ulam; the Heichal was seventy Amos wide) and one hundred Amos high.

9)[line 32]האוטםHA'OTEM- (lit. the sealed, completely filled area) (a) the foundations of the wall of the Heichal, that were six Amos deep (RAMBAM); (b) the beginning of the structure of the Heichal, that was a six-Amah-thick floor (ROSH, RABEINU SHEMAYAH)

10)[line 33]כיורKIYUR- decorations

11)[line 33]בית דילפהBEIS DILFAH- (a) the upper beams that connect the walls to the ceiling (ROSH); (b) the space in between the double ceiling (RAMBAM)

12)[line 34]תקרהTIKRAH- the ceiling

13)[line 34]מעזיבהMA'AZIVAH- mortar poured on the beams of the ceiling

14)[line 36]מעקהMA'AKEH- a guardrail

15)[line 37]כלה עורבKALEI OREV- (a) the "Amah Kalei Orev" consisted of devices for preventing ravens from landing ("Kalei Orev" - lit. "eliminate ravens"). Plates of metal that measured one square Amah into which one-Amah-long nails were inserted were built onto the roof of the Heichal (RASHI to Erchin 6a); (b) the roof of the Heichal was sloped such that its peak was only one Amah wide ("Amah Kalah" - lit. "ended in one Amah"). Bits of metal and nails were affixed there to prevent ravens from landing (RASHI to Moed Katan 9a).

16)[line 40]אמה טרקסיןAMAH TERAKSIN- VS #47, TY #73. The one-Amah space between the Kodesh and the Kodesh ha'Kodashim, which, in the Second Beis ha'Mikdash, contained two Paroches curtains, one at the end of the Kodesh and one at the beginning of the Kodesh ha'Kodashim (in the First Beis ha'Mikdash the Amah Tracksin was a wall with and opening to the Kodesh ha'Kodashim)

17)[line 43]בית הורדת המיםBEIS HORADAS HA'MAYIM- VS #39, TY #66. A corridor, three Amos wide, that extended along the south wall to carry off rain water from the roof of the Sanctuary, which slanted in that direction

18)[line 44]בית החליפותBEIS HA'CHALIFOS- VS #38, TY #59. At the far ends of the Ulam were two rooms, 15 Amos by 11 Amos, where the Shechitah knives of each Mishmar were kept.

19)[line 45]"הוי אריאל אריאל קרית חנה דוד""HOI ARIEL ARIEL KIRYAS CHANAH DAVID"- "Woe to Ariel, to Ariel, the city where David encamped!" (Yeshayahu 29:1)



20)[line 3]מקום דריסת רגלי ישראלMEKOM DERISAS RAGLEI YISRAEL- VS #18, TY #22. Ezras Yisrael, the area of eleven Amos by 135 Amos between the eastern wall of the Azarah and the Ezras Kohanim. Non-Kohanim did not enter the Ezras Kohanim unless it was necessary (see Kelim 1:8).

21)[line 4]מקום דריסת כהניםMEKOM DERISAS RAGLEI HA'KOHANIM- VS #29. Ezras Kohanim, the area of eleven Amos by 135 Amos between the Ezras Yisrael and the Mizbe'ach

22)[line 5]המזבחHA'MIZBE'ACH- see Background to Midos 35:29

23)[line 5]בין האולם ולמזבחBEIN HA'ULAM VELA'MIZBE'ACH- the space of twenty-two Amos between the Mizbe'ach and the Ulam

24)[line 7](החיל) [ההיכל](HA'CHEIL) [HA'HEICHAL]- VS #41 (the number is missing from the picture). The Sanctuary to which our Mishnah refers consisted of the Ulam, the Heichal and the Kodesh ha'Kodashim; its total length was one hundred Amos. On the outside it reached a height of one hundred Amos.

25)[line 7]אחורי בית הכפורתACHOREI BEIS HA'KAPORES- VS #50, TY #38. (lit. behind the room that held the Kapores, i.e. the Kodesh ha'Kodashim) the eleven Amos in between the back wall of the Beis ha'Mikdash and the western wall of the Azarah

26)[line 9]הטבעותHA'TABA'OS- VS #26, TY #46. Twenty-four rings set into the floor of the Azarah to the north of the Mizbe'ach for use during Shechitah; the animal's neck would be held firmly by the ring which opened and closed on a hinge

27)[line 10]שלחנותSHULCHANOS- VS #25, TY #45. Eight marble tables on which parts of the Korbanos were rinsed

28)[line 10]ננסיןNANASIN- VS #24, TY #44. Eight short posts with hooks used for skinning Korbanos

29)[line 13]לשכת המלחLISHKAS HA'MELACH- VS #21, TY #30. The room where salt was kept (see note #1 to figure #21 in the Vilna Shas diagram and Introduction to the Beis ha'Mikdash 5:1)

30)[line 13]לשכת הפרוהLISHKAS HA'PARVAH- VS #23, TY #31. The room where hides of the offerings were preserved. There was a Mikvah on its roof that was used by the Kohen Gadol on Yom ha'Kipurim. Parvah (see Footnote #3 to Yoma Chart #4) designed this room with an ingenious system for bringing water to the roof.

31)[line 13]לשכת המדיחיןLISHKAS HA'MADICHIN- VS #22, TY #32. The Rinsing Chamber, where the Keres was cleaned

32)[line 17]לשכת העץLISHKAS HA'ETZ- VS #11, TY #12. The storage chamber where wood for the Mizbe'ach and fireplace was stored

33)[line 17]לשכת הגולהLISHKAS HA'GOLAH- VS #60, TY #29. The room where fresh water was drawn from a well; this Lishkah was named for the people from the Golah (exile) who had dug the well (BARTENURA). According to RABEINU YEHONASAN (at the end of Eruvin), the name of this Lishkah is Lishkas ha'Gulah because of the large bowl (Gulah) that was set near the well and that was filled with water every day.

34)[line 17]לשכת הגזיתLISHKAS HA'GAZIS- VS #62 (the number is missing in the diagram; it should be right beneath #'s 60 and 61), TY #27. The Chamber of Hewn Stone was the seat of the Jewish Supreme Court, known as the Great Sanhedrin of 71 judges. The Lishkas ha'Gazis was partially built in the Azarah of the Beis ha'Mikdash. The Great Sanhedrin was the highest Halachic authority before which the most difficult cases were brought (Devarim 17:8)

35)[line 20]הגלגלHA'GALGAL- the pulley wheel

36)[line 21]סנהדרין גדולה של ישראלSANHEDRIN GEDOLAH SHEL YISRAEL- see above, entry #34

37)[line 21]דנה את הכהונהDANAH ES HA'KEHUNAH- inspecting the validity, i.e. the lineage, of the Kohanim (and Leviyim)

38)[line 23]לבניםLAVANIM- (a) white [celebratory] garments (ROSH); (b) the white linen Bigdei Kehunah (TIFERES YISRAEL)

39)[line 23]יום טוב היו עושיןYOM TOV HAYU OSIM- (a) the Sanhedrin made a holiday when all of the Kohanim that they checked turned out to be valid; (b) the Kohanim who were found valid that day made a holiday (TOSFOS YOM TOV, TIFERES YISRAEL)