Mishnah 1
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1)

(a)What does the Mishnah in Ohalos say about a Meis, a k'Zayis of juice that oozes from it and a spoon-full of rot?

(b)Our Mishnah now discusses the Din in the event that these and the other items listed in Ohalos, are divided are taken in parts into a room. On what grounds does R. Dosa ben Horkinas declare them Tahor?

(c)What do the Chachamim say?

1)

(a)The Mishnah in Ohalos - includes a Meis, the juice that oozes out from it and a spoon-full of rot among the things that are Metamei be'Ohel.

(b)Our Mishnah now discusses the Din of these items (as well as the other items listed there) that are divided are taken in parts into a room. R. Dosa ben Horkinas declar them Tahor - because he holds that two half-Shi'urim do not combine to be Metamei (as we are about to explain).

(c)The Chachamim - declare them Tamei.

2)

(a)R. Dosa ben Horkinas goes on to give an example of someone who touches two half-k'Zeisim of Neveilah or who carries them. What does he rule there?

(b)Having opened his statement with the Din of Ohel, why does he begin talking about Neveilah?

(c)What does he then say about someone who ...

1. ... touches half a k'Zayis Meis and is Ma'ahil over a second half-k'Zayis or who touches half a k'Zayis Meis and half a k'Zayis is Ma'ahil over him?

2. ... is Ma'ahil over two half-k'Zeisim or over one half a k'Zayis and half a k'Zayis is Ma'ahil over him?

(d)What do the Chachamim say in these cases?

2)

(a)R. Dosa ben Horkinas goes on to give an example of someone who touches two half-k'Zeisim of Neveilah or who carries them - where he rules that the person remains Tahor.

(b)Having opened his statement with the Din of Ohel, he nevertheless begins talking about Neveilah - to teach us that there is no difference in this matter between Tum'as Ohel on the one hand and Tum'as Maga and Masa on the other, or between Tum'as Meis and Tum'as Neveilah.

(c)He then rules that someone who ...

1. ... touches half a k'Zayis Meis and is Ma'ahil over a second half-k'Zayis or who touches half a k'Zayis Meis and half a k'Zayis is Ma'ahil over him, or who ...

2. ... is Ma'ahil over two half-k'Zeisim or over one half a k'Zayis and half a k'Zayis is Ma'ahil over him - remains Tahor.

(d)Acording to the Chachamim - he becomes Tamei.

3)

(a)What does the Tana Kama then say in a case where someone touches half a k'Zayis Meis and something else is Ma'ahil over him and over half a k'Zayis Meis, or if he is Ma'ahil over half a k'Zayis and something else is Ma'ahil over him and over half a k'Zayis?

(b)Seeing as the Chachamim concede to R. Dosa ben Horkinas in the Seifa that he is Tahor, why do they then declare him Tamei in the Reisha?

(c)What is the reason for this?

3)

(a)The Tana Kama then rules that, in a case where someone touches half a k'Zayis Meis and something else is Ma'ahil over him and over half a k'Zayis Meis, or if he is Ma'ahil over half a k'Zayis and something else is Ma'ahil over him and over half a k'Zayis - he remains Tahor, even according to the Chachamim.

(b)Even though the Chachamim concede to R. Dosa ben Horkinas in the Seifa that he is Tahor, they nevertheless declare him Tamei in the Reisha - because it is speaking about Tum'ah Retzutzah (where the Ma'ahil is less than a Tefach from the Ohel), in which case it is considered like touching ...

(c)... and the Rabbanan hold - that two half-k'Zeisim combine as long as they both the same form of Tum'ah (either Maga, Masa or Ohel).

4)

(a)What does R. Meir say about the Seifa?

(b)In which two cases, according to R. Meir, do the Chachamim concede to R. Dosa ben Horkinas?

(c)What K'lal does R. Meir conclude with?

(d)Like whom is the Halachah?

4)

(a)According to R. Meir - the Chachamim argue in the Seifa, too.

(b)The two cases, according to R. Meir, in which the Chachamim concede to R. Dosa ben Horkinas - are when one half'Shi'ur is be'Maga and the other, be'Masa (or be'Heset), or when one half-Shi'ur is be'Masa and the other half, be'Ohel (Note, it is not clear as to why he omits Maga and Ohel, as we learned earlier]).

(c)R. Meir concludes with the K'lal that whatover is of one name (i.e. Maga, Masa or Ohel) combines, whereas whatever is of two names does not [see Meleches Sh'lomoh]).

(d)The Halachah - is like the Tana Kama.

Mishnah 2
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5)

(a)The Mishnah now discusses Ochel Parud. What is 'Ochel Parud'?

(b)According to the Chachamim, Ochel Parud is no different than an article of food that measures a k'Beitzah. What does R. Dosa ben Horkinas say?

5)

(a)The Mishnah now discusses Ochel Parud - (a pile of small fruit, such as nuts or almonds, each of which are not a k'Beitzah (the Shi'ur of Tum'as Ochlin) but which combined, make up the Shi'ur (see Tosfos Yom-Tov).

(b)According to the Chachamim, Ochel Parud is no different than an article of food that measures a k'Beitzah. According to R. Dosa ben Horkinas - they do not combine to make up the Shi'ur.

6)

(a)R. Dosa ben Horkinas permits the redemption of Ma'aser Sheini on an Asiman. What is an 'Asimon'?

(b)What do the Chachamim say?

(c)How do they learn this from the Pasuk "ve'Tzarta ha'Kesef be'Yad'cha"?

6)

(a)R. Dosa ben Horkinas permits the redemption of Ma'aser Sheini on an 'Asiman' - (a coin that has not yet been stamped).

(b)According to the Chachamim - invalidate it.

(c)They learn t from the Pasuk "ve'Tzarta ha'Kesef be'Yad'cha" - from which they learn that the coin must be Kesef Tzurah (one with a picture on it).

7)

(a)What does a person who has touched Tamei food or drink need to do before touching Terumah or Kodshim?

(b)Why does he not need to Tovel his body?

(c)According to R. Dosa ben Horkinas, the same will apply if he wants to touch Mei Chatas. What do the Chachamim say?

7)

(a)Before touching Terumah or Kodshim - a person who has touched Tamei food or drink needs to wash his hands/

(b)He does not need to Tovel his body - because Tamei food and drink belong to list of things on which the Rabbanan decreed Tum'as Yadayim only.

(c)According to R. Dosa ben Horkinas, the same will apply if he wants to touch Mei Chatas. The Chachamim - require him to Tovel, because Chazal made a 'Ma'alah' (a special stringency) with regard to Mei Chatas.

Mishnah 3
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8)

(a)What is the Machlokes between R. Dosa and the Chachamim concerning ...

1. ... the pits and the juice that lie in the middle of a water-melon of Terumah?

2. ... the bad leaves that one removes from Teumah vegetables?

(b)If someone owns the minimum of five sheep that obligate the owner to give Reishis ha'Gez to the Kohen, how much wool must each of the sheep produce in order to be Chayav, according to R. Dosa?

(c)How many Sela'im is this the equivalent of (see Meleches Shlomoh)?

(d)The Chachamim say 'Chamesh Recheilos Kol Shehein'. What do they mean by that?

8)

(a)R. Dosa permits both ...

1. ... the pits and the juice that lie in the middle of a water-melon of Terumah and ...

2. ... the bad leaves that one removes from Terumah vegetables to Zarim, whereas the Chachamim forbid them.

(b)If someone owns the minimum of five sheep that obligate the owner to give Reishis ha'Gez to the Kohen, each of the sheep must produce - one a half Manah in order to be Chayav, according to R. Dosa.

(c)This is the equivalent of - forty Sela'im (not the usual twenty-five).

(d)The Chachamim say 'Chamesh Recheilos Kol Shehein' - meaning that it doesn't matter how much each sheep produces, as long as it adds up to sixty Sela'im.

Mishnah 4
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9)

(a)R. Dosa declares all Chotzalos subject to Tum'as Meis. What are 'Chotzalos'?

(b)What feature must they have for this ruling to take effect?

(c)Why does he not also consider them subject to Tum'as Medras?

(d)What do the Rabbanan say?

9)

(a)R. Dosa declares all 'Chotzalos' - (reed-mats) subject to Tum'as Meis ...

(b)... provided they have a rim (see Tosfos Yom-Tov).

(c)He does not also consider them subject to Tum'as Medras - because they are not made for lying or sitting on.

(d)The Rabbanan - declare them subject to Tum'as Meis as well, bceause they can be used for lying or sitting on too (see Tos Chadashim).

10)

(a)Most plaited threads are Tahor according to R. Dosa, and Tamei according to the Chachamim. What is the one exception according to ...

1. ... R. Dosa?

2. ... the Chachamim?

(b)What is the basis of their Machlokes?

10)

(a)Most plaited threads are Tahor according to R. Dosa, and Tamei according to the Chachamim. The one exception according to ...

1. ... R. Dosa is - those of a belt, which is a garment.

2. ... the Chachamim - those used by wool-merchants to tie their bundles of wool (see also Tiferes Yisrael).

(b)The basis of their Machlokes is - whether threads that are used for neither of these two purposes are considered a garment (the Chachamim) or not (R. Dosa).

Mishnah 5
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11)

(a)On what condition does everybody agree that a sling-shot is Tamei?

(b)What do R. Dosa and the Chachamim respectively hold, in the event the actual sling is made of leather?

(c)What distinction does the Mishnah draw between whether the finger-holder breaks or the handle?

11)

(a)Everybody agrees that a sling-shot is Tamei - if the actual sling section is woven (see Tosfos Yom-Tov).

(b)In the event that the actual sling is made of leather - R. Dosa declares it Tahor (see Tosfos Yom-Tov), the Chachamim Tamei.

(c)The Mishnah goes on to rule - that if the finger-holder breaks, it is Tahor, whereas if the handle breaks, it is Tamei.

Mishnah 6
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12)

(a)R. Dosa permit a Kohenes who has been captured to eat Terumah. Why might we have thought otherwise?

(b)On what condition do the Chachamim ...

1. ... concede to R. Dosa's ruling?

2. ... argue with him?

(c)What is the basis of their rulings?

12)

(a)R. Dosa permits a Kohenes who has been captured to eat Terumah. We might have thought otherwise - on the assumption that her captors raped her, turning her into a Zonah (see Tosfos Yom-Yov), and a Zonah is forbidden to eat Terumah.

(b)The Chachamim ...

1. ... concede to R. Dosa's ruling - provided the captive herslf was the one to inform us that she had been captured.

2. ... argue with him however - if we hear it from witnesses.

(c)The basis of their rulings - is that in the latter ruling, she is not believed, since a person is not believed regarding himself (in matters that are not in his control), whereas in the former, she is believed on account of a 'Peh she'Asar, Hu ha'peh she'Hitir' (if we believe her when she claims to have been captured, we also have to believe her that she was not raped.

Mishnah 7
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13)

(a)How many S'feikos does R. Yehushua declare Tamei, and the Chachamim, Tahor?

(b)The first two are where the Tamei is standing and the Tahor is passing or vice-versa. What does 'Tamei' mean in this context? Where is he standing?

(c)The other two S'feikos are where the Tum'ah is in the R'shus ha'Yachid and the Taharah, in the R'shus ha'Rabim or vice-versa. What is the case?

(d)What is the Safek in all four cases?

13)

(a)Four S'feikos R. Yehushua declares Tamei, and the Chachamim, Tahor.

(b)The first two are where the Tamei - (i.e. Metzora) is standing (underneath an Ohel) and the Tahor is passing or vice-versa.

(c)The other two S'feikos are where the Tum'ah is in the R'shus ha'Yachid - (i.e. in a store) and the Taharah, in the R'shus ha'Rabim, or vice-versa.

(d)The Safek in all four cases is - whether the Tamei touched, was Ma'ahil over or moved the Tahor person or object.

14)

(a)In the last two cases, what is the basis of the Machlokes between R. Yehoshua and the Chachamim?

(b)What are the two underlying principles on which this Machlokes is based?

(c)Like whom is the Halachah?

14)

(a)In the last two cases, the basis of the Machlokes between R. Yehoshua and the Chachamim is - whether the fact that R'shus ha'Yachid is part of the case determines that it is Tamei (R. Yehoshua), or whether theat that R'shus ha'Rabim is part of the case determines that it is Tahor (the Chachamim) ...

(b)... based on the two principles 'Safek Tum'ah bi'Reshus ha'Yachid Tamei' & 'Safek Tum'ah bi'Reshus ha'Rabim Tahor'.

(c)The Halachah - is like the Chachamim.

Mishnah 8
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15)

(a)The first of the three things over which R. Tzadok and the Chachamim argue is a banker's nail, which might be the nail on which he hangs his scales. What else might it mean?

(b)What do R. Tzadok and the Chachamim respectively, hold?

(c)What is the Chachamim's reason?

15)

(a)The first of the three things over which R. Tzadok and the Chachamim argue is a banker's nail, which is either the nail on which he hangs his scales - or the nail on which he hangs the shutters (during the day, when they are not in use).

(b)R. Tzadok - declares it subject to Tum'ah, whereas the Chachamim consider it Tahor.

(c)The Chachamim's reason is - because it is used whilst it is fixed to the ground (even though what it serves is not).

16)

(a)The second thing over which R. Tzadok and the Chachamim argue is Aron shel Gerusos. What is Aron shel Gerusos?

(b)Why do the Chachamim declare it Tahor?

(c)What does R. Tzadok say to that?

(d)What is the third item over which they argue?

(e)Like whom is the Halachah?

16)

(a)The second thing over which R. Tzadok and the Chachamim argue is 'Aron shel Gerusos' - (the cupboard used by bean-grinders ...

(b)... which the Chachamim declare Tahor - because a wooden K'li that is not moved is not subject to Tum'ah.

(c)R. Tzadok disagrees - because one sometimes moves it for repairs.

(d)The third item over which they argue is - the hand of an olden-day clock (or sundial [see Tiferes Yisrael]).

(e)The Halachah - is like the Chachamim.

Mishnah 9
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17)

(a)The first of four things that Raban Gamliel declare Tamei and the Chachamim Tahor, is the metal cover of a Teni (a basket). What is the Teni used for?

(b)Why does Raban Gamliel declare it Tamei?

(c)What do the Chachamim say to that?

17)

(a)The first of four things that Raban Gamliel declare Tamei and the Chachamim Tahor, is the metal cover of a Teni (a basket) - used for storing pieces of metal and broken metal vassels.

(b)Raban Gamliel declares it Tamei - because it is a receptacle and can be usewd independently.

(c)The Chachamim declare it Tahor - because it is made exclusively to cover (and not to store in).

18)

(a)The second item over which they argue is T'luy ha'Migredes. What is ...

1. ... a 'Migredes'

2. ... the 'T'luy'? (see Pirush ha'Mishnayos le'ha'Rambam)?

(b)What do Raban Gamliel and the Chachamim respectively, hold?

18)

(a)The second item over which they argue is T'luy ha'Migredes.

1. A 'Migredes' is - a brush with which they used to scrub themselves in the bathhouse.

2. The 'T'luy' is - the small chain which is attached to it and via which one hangs it on a nail in the wall of the bathhosue when not in use (Pirush ha'Mishnayos le'ha'Rambam [see also Tiferes Yisrael]).

(b)Raban Gamliel - declares it Tamei (like the brush itself), whereas the Chachamim declare it Tahor (see Tiferes Yisrael).

19)

(a)The third item is Golmei K'lei Mateches. What are 'Golmei K'lei Mateches'?

(b)R. Gamliel declares them subject to Tum'ah. What do the Chachamim say?

(c)And the fourth item is 'Tivla she'Nechl'kah li'Shenayim'. What exactly is that?

(d)What is the Halchahah in all four cases?

19)

(a)The third item is 'Golmei K'lei Mateches' - manufactured metal vessels whose basic form is complete, but that still require filing or smoothening, or that are whose rim or handle still needs to be fitted.

(b)R. Gamliel declares them subject to Tum'ah; the Chachamim - declare them Tahor until it has been completed.

(c)And the fourth item is 'Tivla she'Nechl'kah li'Shenayim' - (an earthenware board with a rim that has broken in to two equal pieces (See Tiferes Yisrael).

(d)The Halachah in all four cases - is like the Chachamim.

Mishnah 10
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20)

(a)In the first of the three cases where Raban Gamliel follow the stringent opinion of Beis Shamai is the prohibition of wrapping cooked foods to keep them hot from Yom-Tov to Shabbos. On what condition do Beis Shamai permit it?

(b)In the second ruling, he forbids putting together a lamp made of pieces that has come apart on Yom-Tov. What is the basis of the Machlokes between Beis Shamai and Hillel in this regard?

(c)In the third ruling, he forbids baking thick loaves on Yom-Tov (only Matzos). What is the basis of the Machlokes between Beis Shamai and Hillel there?

20)

(a)In the first of the three cases where Raban Gamliel follows the stringent opinion of Beis Shamai is the prohibition of wrapping cooked foods to keep them hot from Yom-Tov to Shabbos - unless one made a point of including something wrapped in one's Eruv.

(b)In the second ruling, he forbids putting together a lamp made of pieces that has come apart on Yom-Tov - because it falls under the category of 'Boneh'. Beis Hillel, on the other hand, hold 'Ein Binyan be'Keilim.

(c)In the third ruling, he forbids baking thick loaves on Yom-Tov (only Matzah-like ones) - because of the extra 'Tircha' (bother) involved in kneading them; whereas Beis Hillel hold that thick loaves bake better.

21)

(a)What did the Chachamim respond, when Raban Gamliel testified that his family had never baked thick loaves on Yom-Tov?

(b)They added Chari to the family's stringency. What is 'Chari'?

(c)Like whom is the Halachah in these three cases?

21)

(a)When Raban Gamliel testified that his family had never baked thick loaves on Yom-Tov, the Chachamim' response was - 'What shall we do with your father's family, who were stringent for themselves (in this matter), but ruled leniently for everybody else'.

(b)When they added 'Chari' to the family's stringency, they meant - large doughs.

(c)The Halachah in these three cases - is like the Chachamim.

Mishnah 11
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22)

(a)In how many issues is Raban Gamliel lenient, and the Chachamim stringent?

(b)What does he say about ...

1. ... sweeping on Shabbos?

2. ... placing spices on coals on Yom-Tov, to create a pleasant aroma?

3. ... preparing a G'di Mekulas on Pesach? What is a 'G'di Mekulas'?

(c)Why did they do that?

(d)What does 'Mekulas' mean?

22)

(a)Raban Gamliel is lenient - in three issues, in which the Chachamim are stringent.

(b)He permits ...

1. ... sweeping between the couches (on which they used to recline during meals) on Shabbos.

2. ... placing spices on coals on Yom-Tov, to create a pleasant aroma.

3. ... preparing a 'G'di Mekulas' - (a kid-goat that is roasted whole, with its legs and its intestines hanging outside it, somewhat resembling a helmet and sword of a warrior going to war) on Seider-night ...

(c)... to commemorate the Korban Pesach, which was roasted in this way.

(d)'G'di Mekulas' means - armed (T'nach uses the words 'Kulsa de'Nachsha' for a copper helmet).

23)

(a)Why do the Chachamim forbid ...

1. ... sweeping on Shabbos?

2. ... placing spices on coals on Yom-Tov, to create a pleasant aroma (Mugmar)?

3. ... preparing a G'di Mekulas on Seider-night?

(b)On what condition will even Raban Gamliel concede that Mugmar is forbidden?

(c)Like whom is the Halachah in all three cases?

23)

(a)The Chachamim forbid ...

1. ... sweeping on Shabbos - because one may come to fill in holes (which in a house, is considered Binyan).

2. ... placing spices on coals on Yom-Tov, to create a pleasant aroma (Mugmar) - because it involves Mechabeh (extinguishing a fire), and it is only done for finnicky people or for people with a bad smell (whereas the performing of the permitted Melachos on Yom-Tov is only permitted if it is 'Shaveh le'Chol Nefesh' [something that is performed by everybody]).

3. ... preparing a G'di Mekulas on Pesach - because it looks as if one is eating Kodshim outside the Beis-Hamikdash.

(b)Even Raban Gamliel concedes that Mugmar is forbidden - if it is done to create a pleasant smell in clothes.

(c)The Halachah in all three cases - is like the Chachamim.

Mishnah 12
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24)

(a)Finally, the Tana cites three lenient rulings of R. Elazar ben Azaryah, with which the Chachamim disagreed. What, according to the Mishnah, did R. Elazar ben Azaryah permit his cow to do on Shabbos?

(b)Was that really what he really ruled?

(c)His second ruling involved scraping an animal on Yom-Tov. What did he actually permit?

(d)What was his third ruling (with regard to grinding peppers)?

24)

(a)Finally, the Tana cites three lenient rulings of R. Elazar ben Azaryah, with which the Chachamim disagree. According to the Mishnah, R. Elazar ben Azaryah - permitted his cow to go in the street with an ornamental strap tied to its two horns.

(b)What actually happened was - that he did not protest when his neighbor allowed her cow to do so, so the Chachamim considered him guilty of having done it himself.

(c)His second ruling involves scraping an animal on Yom-Tov - which he permitted, even using a metal brush with sharp teeth, where there is a strong likelihood that one will make a wound on the animal.

(d)In his third ruling - he permitted grinding peppers using their own hand-mill on Yom-Tov.

25)

(a)R. Yehudah concedes to the Chachamim that scrubbing an animal on Yom-Tov using a metal brush is forbidden, but permits it using a wooden one. Why is that?

(b)What do the Chachamim say to that?

(c)In which of these three rulings is the Halacachah like R. Elazar ben Azaryah?

(d)Why is that?

(e)Whose opinion do the Chachamim of R. Yehudah (in the Seifa of the Mishnah) follow?

25)

(a)R. Yehudah concedes to the Chachamim that scrubbing an animal on Yom-Tov using a metal brush is forbidden, but permits it using a wooden one - because the teeth are blunt and there is no likelihood of wounding the animal.

(b)The Chachamim - forbid a wooden scrubber on account of a metal one.

(c)The Halachah is like R. Elazar ben Azaryah - with regard to using a metal scrubber on Yom-Tov ...

(d)... because we rule like R. Shimon that 'Davar she'Ein Miskaven on Shabbos and Yom-Tov is permitted (provided it is not 'P'sik Reisha' (bound to happen).

(e)The Chachamim of R. Yehudah (in the Seifa of the Mishnah) follow the opinion of R. Yehudah, who holds 'Davar she'Ein Miskaven, Asur'.

Hadran Alach 'Kol ha'Metam'in'

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