More Discussions for this daf
1. Gezeras Merchatzaos 2. The Rashi of "v'Kodem Gezeirah" 3. The Machlokes Rebbi Yehudah and the Chachamim about Zman Minchah
4. Onah of a Nasi 5. Obligation of Maariv 6. Musaf and Minchah Corresponding to Korbanos
7. Zechus Avos 8. Raban Gamliel and Rebbi Yehoshua 9. The argument between Raban Gamliel and Rebbi Yehoshua
10. The incident between Rebbi Yehoshua and Raban Gamliel 11. Tefillat Ha'Minchah Ad Ha'Arev 12. wine
13. Early Minchah on Shabbos 14. Plag ha'Minchah 15. Tefilas Arvis Reshus
16. Tartei d'Sasrei

Max Preschel asked:

What is the Gezera about the Merchatz the Gemara is referring to on this daf?

The Kollel replies:

The Gemara in Maseches Shabbos 40a tells of the development of the Gezeirah of

not using bath houses on Shabbos.

Originally bathing in water which had been heated before Shabbos was allowed. When the bath house attendants began heating water on Shabbos and saying that it had been prepared in advance, Chazal forbade bathing in hot water completely. Entering a bath house to sweat was still permitted. Then people began going in to the bathhouses to bathe and would say that they were just going to sweat so Chazal made a Gezera to forbid sweat baths.

The Gemora in Berachos brings Rebbe's going to the bath house as proof that

Rebbi did not stop doing Melachah.

Rava rejects this proof saying that this was before the Gezeirah forbidding

sweat baths and Rabbi went in to sweat which was a permitted activity.

Kol Tuv

Ilan Segal