hebrew
1)

What is the significance of the seven species mentioned in this Pasuk?

1.

Rashi (in 26:2): These are the seven fruits for which Eretz Yisrael is praised.

2.

Seforno: "Eretz Chitah u'Se'orah" - Eretz Yisrael provides its inhabitants with the basic ingredients for sustenance; "Eretz Zeis Shamen u'Devash" - It also produces delicacies. 1

3.

Targum Yonasan: "Gefen" refers to vines that produce sweet and strong wine. Refer also to 8:8:2:1 and to 8:8:3:1.


1

Seforno does not comment on grapes, figs and pomegranates.

2)

What does "Zeis Shemen" mean?

1.

Rashi: It means olives that produce oil. 1


1

See Sifsei Chachamim.

3)

What sort of honey is the Pasuk referring to?

1.

Rashi (in 34:26, based on Brachos, 37a) and Targum Yonasan: It is referring to dates that produce honey. 1


1

Rashi (in Succah, 6a): In fact, all sweet foods are called 'honey', and dates are a species of sweet food.

4)

What is earlier in the verse has precedence. Why do we bless on wine before bread on Shabbos and Yom Tov? Bread (wheat) is earlier in the verse than wine (Gefen)!

1.

Riva 1 (7:12): Perhaps this is why we cover the bread with a cloth [at the time of Kidush]. Now it is as if [bread] is not in front of him when he blesses [on wine].


1

Hadar Zekenim left this difficult. A Hagahah brings Riva's answer from the Yerushalmi.

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