hebrew
1)

What is "Eretz Tovah" referring to?

1.

Targum Yonasan: The Pasuk is referring to its luscious fruit, which is also inherent in the other praises in the Pasuk. 1


1

See Na'ar Yonasan.

2)

What is so special about the rivers, the springs and the underground water that are found there?

1.

Ramban: "Eretz Nachalei Mayim" - like a satiated (watered) garden that does not require irrigation, like Egypt does; 1 "Ayanos Tehomos" - springs of water 2 and underground springs 3 which appear in the valleys and on the mountains.

2.

Seforno: Because Eretz Yisrael is a land of rivers, springs and underground wells, not canals and stagnant pools.

3.

Targum Yonasan: It is referring to the clear water of its rivers, the sweet water of its springs and the fact that its underground water 4 never dries up.


1

See later, 11:10, 11.

2

Ramban: See Melachim 1, 18:5 and Tehilim, 104:8. They are created from the wetness of the mountains, which, in turn, are formed by the rain-water that they have absorbed or from the mist that forms there mountains.

3

Ramban: As in Mishlei, 8:28 and in Bereishis 6:11.

4

That appears in the valleys and in the mountains.

3)

Why is "Eretz" mentioned seven times here (from verse 7 through verse 10)?

1.

Da'as Zekenim, Hadar Zekenim, Rosh: They correspond to the seven nations.

2.

Seforno: [It says Eretz Tovah twice, and another] five times it says Eretz, for the Torah discusses five advantages that Eretz Yisrael has over other countries (refer to 8:7:2:2).

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