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1)

To what objective should we remember the journeys in the desert?

1.

Ramban and Seforno: To remind us that Hashem looks after those who keep the Mitzvos, that 'A Tzadik is not forsaken and his children seek bread!', 1 as we saw in the desert, where Hashem sustained us (fed and clothed 2 us - Seforno) with great miracles because we kept His Mitzvos.

2.

Rashbam (on Pasuk 7): To remind Yisrael that success depends, not on one's own efforts and ability, but on the Chesed of Hashem - to counter what the Torah writes later, from Pasuk 7, that, when they come to Eretz Yisrael and everything goes well, they will become vain and forget Hashem. 3

3.

Da'as Zekenim, Hadar Zekenim, Rosh: It refers to above (7:25), not coveting gold and silver on idolatry. Trust in Hashem and remember the path, on which Hashem led you; you did not need gold and silver!

4.

Sha'arei Teshuvah (3:17): This is a Mitzvah to remember Hashem's Chasadim; "v'Yadata Im Levavecha" (verse 5) is a Mitzvah to contemplate them.


2

Refer to 8:4:1:1.

3

See Pesukim 14-18.

2)

What tests and afflictions were there in the Midbar?

1.

Ramban 1 : They were forced to enter the desert 2 without adequate provisions, where no food was available, and where, each day, all remaining Manna melted in the sun, and they were left yearning for the next fall the following day.

2.

Rashbam, Seforno (16): They never had any food for the next day. 3

3.

Seforno: It was a test to see whether Yisrael would carry out Hashem's will, now that they were receiving their food and clothes 4 without effort on their part. 5

4.

Rashi: They should not test Hashem or harbor ill will against Him. 6 .


1

Refer to 8:3:2:1.

2

Ramban: Hashem deliberately led them via that route - and not via the surrounding towns where food was available - in order to test them as to whether they would observe His Mitzvos faithfully.

3

Rashbam: Since there was no bread in their baskets and they had to rely every day on the good grace of Hashem for their food.

4

Refer to 8:4:1:1.

5

Seforno (on Pasuk 16) explains 'Inuy' like the Rashbam - Refer to 8:2:2:2*.

6

Sifsei Chachamim: Even at a time of difficulty, they should not say 'I guard the Mitzvah

3)

What are the connotations of the words "Lada'as Es Asher bi'Lvavcha"?

1.

Seforno: Hashem knows what is in a person's heart, and the objective of the test was to actualize their thoughts into deeds, to let the angels know that Yisrael's level is truly superior to that of the angels. 1


1

Ramban: And to reward Yisrael for their good deeds. Refer also to Bereishis, 22:1:2:4.

4)

What are the connotations of the words "Lada'as eis asher bi'Levavcha"?

1.

Seforno: Hashem knows what is in a person's heart, and the objective of the test was to actualize their thoughts into deeds, to let the angels of Din know that Yisrael's level is superior to that of all the angels. 1


1

Ramban: And to reward Yisrael for their good deeds. Refer also to Bereishis, 22:1:2:4.

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