hebrew
1)

What are the connotations of "Lo me'Rubchem"?

1.

Rashi #1 and Targum Onkelos: 'It is not because you are numerous that Hashem desired you'). 1

2.

Rashi #2: 'When Hashem bestows upon you greatness, you do not aggrandize yourselves'. 2

3.

Seforno: 'Not in order to be honored by large numbers. 3


1

Refer to 7:6:1:2*. Rashbam and Da'as Zekenim: Rather, with reference to "Venashal Goyim Rabim ... " in Pasuk 1, the Torah is saying that it is not because you are more numerous than the seven nations 2

that Hashem desired you and will destroy them ... rather, due to His love of you and the oath that He made to your forefathers.

3

Rashi: Like Avraham, who declared "ve'Anochi Afar va'Eifer" (Bereishis 18:27) and Moshe and Aharon, who said "ve'Nachnu Mah!" (Shemos 16:7)

2)

What is the exact meaning of the words "Chashak Hashem bachem"?

1.

Rashi, Targum Onkelos and Targum Yonasan: It means 'Hashem desired you'.

2.

Ramban: It means 'Hashem attached 1 Himself to you with a strong bond'.


1

Ramban: See Shemos 27:10.

3)

What are the implications of the words "Vayivchar bachem"?

1.

Ramban: It implies that Hashem picked us out 1 from the other nations. 2


1

Ramban: When someone picks a friend, he will tolerate him under all circumstances.

2

Ramban: And Yisrael are worthy of being chosen, as they are the most tenacious of all the nations'

4)

What is the meaning of the phrase "Ki Atem ha'Me'at mi'Kol ha'Amim"?

1.

Rashi #1: It is like the simple meaning (you are the smallest of the nations). 1

2.

Rashi #2: Even when Hashem bestows upon you greatness, you make yourselves small. 2

3.

Rashi #3 (in Pinchas): Refer to Bamidbar, 26:36:2:1. 3

4.

Rashbam: You are smaller than the seven nations [Nevertheless, Hashem will dispossess them for you].

5.

R. Bechayei #1: Hashem would love you even if you were the smallest of the nations.

6.

R. Bechayei #2: Since there is no Dagesh (dot) in the Hei, it does not mean the fewest. Rather, it introduces a question (like "ha'Me'at Mikem Ki Hivdil


1

And the word "Ki" means in spite of the fact (Refer to 7:6:1:2), whereas "Ki" in Pasuk 8 means 'but'. Refer to 7:7:152:1.

2

Rashi: Like Avraham, who declared "ve'Anochi Afar va'Eifer" (Bereishis 18:27) and Moshe and Aharon, who said "ve'Nachnu Mah!" (Shemos 16:7)

QUESTIONS ON RASHI

5)

Rashi writes that the simple meaning is true (you are the smallest of the nations). It says "Hinchem ha'Yom ke'Chochvei ha'Shamayim la'Rov" (1:10)! Also, Mo'av feared Yisrael "Ki Rav Hu" (Bamidbar 22:3)!

1.

Perhaps the simple meaning is that Yisrael are less than all of the other nations combined. The Torah worded this in a way that allows one of the other Drashos (refer to 7:7:151:2-6

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