What are the connotations of "u'Meshalem le'Son'av el Panav"?


Rashi, Ramban #1 and Seforno, Targum Onkelos and Targum Yonasan: It means that Hashem pays the Rasha in his lifetime (Rasha ve'Tov lo - Ramban and Seforno), 1 in order to deny him life (in order to destroy him - Targum Yonasan) in the world to come. 2


Ramban #2 and Rashbam: It means that He punishes the Resha'im for their sins, 3 either in their lifetimes or up to four generations. 4


Seforno: Since 'Hashem does not withhold the reward of any creature'. Or due to Z'chus Avos.


See Sifsei Chachamim.


Ramban: Just as He punished the Egyptians. And when a Rasha lives long, it is due to the Midah of "Shomer ha'Chesed" (in the previous Pasuk - inasmuch as Hashem is rewarding him in his lifetime for a good deed that he performed (See Ramban, DH 've'ha'Midah ha'Zos'). Citing Koheles Rabah, the Ramban ascribes the longevity of a Rasha to one of three reasons: 1. He might do Teshuvah; 2. As a reward for a Mitzvah that he performed; 3. Because perhaps Tzadikim will descend from him - Like we find by King Achaz - Chizkiyahu, King Amon - Yeshayahu and Shim'i ben Geira - Mordechai.


Rashbam: Whereas He rewards the Tzadikim up to a thousand generations even if his children sin - because 'Hashem's Midah of goodness exceeds His Midah of punishment. Refer to 20:6:1:1**.


What does "ha'Yom La'asosam" imply?


Rashi: It implies "ha'Yom La'asosam" 1 - 'le'Olam ha'Ba Lekabel Secharam". 2


See Sifsei Chachamim. (The Neginos also imply that "ha'Yom" is read together with "La'asosam" and not with "asher Anochi Metzav'cha").


See also the first Ba'al ha'Turim in Eikev.

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