hebrew
1)

Seeing as this Pasuk is referring to a Chacham (Rashi in Bo, Shemos 13:14) what exactly is he asking?

1.

Ramban: He wants to know on what the Eidos 1 are testifying, the purpose of the Chukim, whose reason is hidden from us, and the connection between the punishments (the Mishpatim) and the sins. 2

2.

Seforno: He is asking why the seven Mitzvos of B'nei No'ach do not suffice.


1

Ramban: Which commemorate and testify on Hashem's miracles - such as Matzah, Succah, Pesach, Shabbos, Tefilin and Mezuzah.

2

Ramban: Such as stoning someone who desecrates the Shabbos, burning a man who has relations with a woman and her mother or lashing someone who plants Kil'ayim, as opposed to the Torah's civil laws, such as that of an ox or a pit that damages and the laws of the four kinds of Shomrim, which are righteous and good and easily understood by everybody.

2)

Rashi (Shemos 13:5) writes that Shemos 12:26 discusses an evil son, because he said [that the Avodah is "Lachem" (and not for him). Rashi (Shemos 13:14) writes that our Pasuk refers to a Chacham. Also he said that Hashem commanded "Eschem"!

1.

Rashi (in his Sidur), Da'as Zekenim, Hadar Zekenim, Rosh: The Chacham is different, in that he inserts "Hashem Elokeinu", thereby including himself in the Mitzvos. 1


1

Rashi (Ibid.), Da'as Zekenim, Hadar Zekenim, Rosh: And he says 'Eschem' because he was not born when Hashem commanded them.

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