hebrew
1)

What exactly does "mi'Toch ha'Eish, he'Anan ve'ha'Choshech" mean?

1.

Ramban: It means from within the fire which was surrounded by darkness and the thick cloud.

2)

What is the meaning of "ve'Lo Yasaf"?

1.

Rashi #1 (citing Targum Onkelos): It means that the Voice (did not get louder, because it) did not cease. 1

2.

Rashi #2: It means that Hashem never appeared again with the same pomp and ceremony as He did on Har Sinai.

3.

Ramban #1 (according to Targum Onkelos and Targum Yonasan): It means that Hashem's Voice did not stop (or recede) - that it retained the same volume 2 from the beginning of the Aseres ha'Dibros until the end. 3

4.

Ramban #2 (according to Kabalah): They heard all these things (with reference to the last eight Dibros) with a Great Voice (which they could not comprehend) 4 , and Hashem did not continue to let the congregation hear with the One Voice (the first two Dibros, which they did comprehend).

5.

Rashbam: There was never again a great voice such as this.


1

Rashi: Because, unlike a human-being, who cannot say all that he wants to say in one breath, and who therefore, needs to breath again before continuing, Hashem is able to say everything in one breath; consequently, He does not need to breath a second time in order to continue and His Voice retains its initial volume.

2

Ramban: And when the Torah writes in Yisro that "the Kol got louder and louder" (refer to Shemos 9:19:1:1), it is with reference to the tone of the Shofar, and not to the Voice of Hashem.

3

Ramban: As in Yirmiyah, 48:33 and in Tehilim, 104:29. See also Bamidbar, 11:25.

4

Refer to 5:5:1:3*.

QUESTIONS ON RASHI

3)

Rashi writes that Hashem never appeared again with the same ceremony. In Sanhedrin 17a, it says that "v'Lo Yasafu" (Bamidbar 11:25) means that they ceased to prophecy, and challenges this from our verse!

1.

Riva citing R. Elyakim: It challenged 'what is the source that [except for Eldad and Meidad, the others] totally ceased?' Here, the voice continued, just not with the same ceremony! It answers that since v'Lo Yasafu is written only about the others, it means that they totally ceased.

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