hebrew
1)

What is "Ka'asher Tzivcha" here referring to?

1.

Rashi (citing Sanhedrin, 56b) and Ramban (on Pasuk 12): It (too) is referring to Marah, where Hashem first commanded Yisrael about Kibud Av va'Eim. 1


1

See Ba'al ha'Turim. Strangely, Rashi omits Kibud Av va'Eim from the list in Beshalach, as the Ramban points out. Refer to Sh'mos, 15:25:3:1*.

2)

And what are the connotations of the words "u'Lema'an Yitav lach ... "?

1.

Ramban (Shmos 20:12) and Seforno: "Lema'an Ya'arichun Yamecha" refers to Olam ha'Ba (The world which lasts a long time), it means that Hashem will also reward Kibud Av ... with a good life 1 in this world in the land ... . 2


1

Seforno: Seeing as the Mishnah in Pe'ah, 1:1. includes Kibud Av va'Eim in the list of Mitzvos for which one eats the fruits in this world, and the principle in the World to Come.

2

Ramban: See Tehilim, 85:13.

3)

Why did the first Luchos not contain "Lema'an Yitav lach"?

1.

Torah Temimah (citing Bava Kama, 55a): Because they were destined to be broken. 1


1

And would have indicated that the Tov with which Yisrael was blessed would come to an end.

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