hebrew
1)

What is the difference between "u'Shemartem" and "va'Asisem"?

1.

Rashi: The former refers to Mishnah - learning; the latter, to carrying out what one learned.

2)

What is "Hi" referring to?

1.

Rashi: It is referring to the learning and the carrying out mentioned earlier in the Pasuk. 1

2.

Targum Yonasan: It is referring to the Torah, which "u'Shemartem" "va'Asisem" themselves are referring to.


1

Rashi: And it is as if it says 'through the learning mentioned earlier, you will be considered wise men

3)

What are the connotations of "Ki Hi Chochmaschem ... le'Einei ha'Amim"?

1.

Rashi: It is through the study of Torah and its observance that we are considered wise and understanding in the eyes of the nations.

2.

Seforno: It is by means of the Torah that we are able to answer the Apikores with logical arguments. 1


1

Refer also to 4:8:2:1.

4)

Why is it important to be considered wise in the eyes of the nations?

1.

Seforno: Because, as the Torah goes on to explain, Hashem is close to us inasmuch as He answers us when we call to Him, a clear proof that He chose us from all the nations, and it would be a Chilul Hashem if the nations would consider us stupid.

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