hebrew
1)

Why did Moshe juxtapose Yehudah to Reuven?

1.

Rashi #1: Because both of them were not ashamed to confess to the sin that they perpetrated. 1

2.

Rashi #2 (citing Sotah, 7b): Throughout the forty years that Yisrael traveled in the desert, the bones of Yehudah rolled in his coffin 2 due to the Niduy (excommunication) that he took upon himself. 3 Moshe therefore claimed 'Who caused Re'uven to confess? Yehudah


1

Rashi (in Iyov, 18:19) and Da'as Zekenim (in Bereishis 38:26): For which Yehudah was rewarded with eternal Malchus. Both were not expelled from their inheritance despite their sin and nothing prevented Moshe from blessing them, as the Torah states here, as stated in Iyov, 15:19. Moreover, in the future division of Eretz Yisrael

2)

What are the connotations of "ve'Zos li'Yehudah"?

1.

Ramban #1: It means simply that this is the B'rachah that Moshe conferred upon Yehudah.

2.

Ramban #2 (according to Kabalah): It refers to Midas Malchus, which Moshe now conferred upon Yehudah, who is designated to fight wars.

3.

Da'as Zekenim, Riva, Rosh, Seforno: Refer to 33:6:4:6. Moshe is conferring the same blessing upon Shevet Yehudah as he did on Shevet Reuven

3)

What was Moshe referring to when he said "Sh'ma Hashem Kol Yehudah"?

1.

Rashi #1: He was referring to the Tefilos of David and Shlomo, 1 of King Asa before the Kushim, of Yehoshafat before the Amonim and of Chizkiyah before Sancheriv.

2.

Rashi #2, Seforno and Targum Yonasan: This hints at a B'rachah for Shimon 2 taken from the B'rachah of Yehudah. 3

3.

Ramban #1 (citing Targum Onkelos) and Targum Yonasan: Moshe is Davening that Yehudah


1

See Sifsei Chachamim.

2

Midrash Tana'im: "Sh'ma" alludes to Shimon

4)

Why does Moshe repeat the names of some of the Shevatim and of the the others?

1.

Refer to Bereishis, 47:2:1:1 & 2 and to 33:18:1:1 & 2.

5)

What was Moshe referring to when he said "ve'El Amo Tevi'enu"?

1.

Rashi, Ramban (citing Targum Onkelos) and Targum Yonasan: He Davened that the kings of Yehudah should return safely from the battlefield.

2.

Refer to 33:7:3:5.

6)

Why did Moshe add "Yadav Rav lo"?

1.

Rashi #1 and Seforno: 'May Hashem's Hands fight his battles and avenge his vengeances'.

2.

Rashi #2 (in Makos, 11b): 'May Yehudah have the strength to overcome the other tribes on their own.

3.

Ramban: Refer to 33:7:3:4. This refers to the disproportionate victories of Yehudah over the Cana'anim, where he captured far more territory than was their due, in order to supply Shimon 1 with his inheritance.

4.

Refer to 33:7:3:5.


1

Ramban: Who received his portion in the midst of Yehudah's territory, as the Pasuk writes in Yehoshua, 19:9. Refer also to 33:7:3:2*.

7)

Why did Moshe add "ve'Eizer mi'Tzarav Tih'yeh"?

1.

Rashi: This is a Tefilah on behalf of Yehoshafat in Ramos Gil'ad. 1

2.

Seforno: Refer to 33:7:5:1. 'And may You (Hashem) help them against their enemies who come to fight with them'.

3.

Refer to 33:7:3:5.


1

Rashi: As a result of which the Pasuk writes in Divrei Hayamim 2, 18:31 that Yehoshafat cried out to Hashem and Hashem answered him. See Ba'al ha'Turim DH 'Sh'ma Hashem.

8)

Rashi (citing Sotah 7b) writes that Yehudah's bones rolled in his coffin due to the Niduy that he accepted upon himself. That was on condition that he did not return Binyamin, and it seems that he returned him, for Binyamin is listed among those who descended with Yakov to Egypt!

1.

Da'as Zekenim (from Makos 11b): A Chacham's curse is fulfilled even in such a case. We similarly find that Achitofel died due to David's curse, even though the Tenai was not fulfilled.

9)

Rashi (citing Sotah, 7b) writes that Yehudah caused Re'uven to confess. Reuven repented before they sold Yosef (Bereishis Rabah 84:19), before Yehudah confessed!

1.

Moshav Zekenim: Indeed, Reuven repented before Yehudah confessed, but he confessed to his father only after Yehudah confessed. 1


1

Moshav Zekenim: Even though he already confessed to his brothers (he told them why he was fasting and wearing sackcloth), this is not called admission (until he admitted to his father, like Iyov 15:18).

Sefer: Perek: Pasuk:
Month: Day: Year:
Month: Day: Year:

KIH Logo
D.A.F. Home Page
Sponsorships & DonationsReaders' FeedbackMailing ListsTalmud ArchivesAsk the KollelDafyomi WeblinksDafyomi CalendarOther Yomi calendars