hebrew
1)

What is the translation of "Ha la'Shem Tigmelu Zos"?

1.

Rashi and Targum Onkelos: 'Is it before Hashem that you are doing these things?' 1

2.

Seforno: Is this what you do to Hashem, who planned to make you a Mamleches Kohanim, 2 and preventing Him from attaining His objective of transforming man into the image of G-d? 3

3.

Ramban (citing the Ibn Ezra): Refer to 32:9:1:2.


1

Rashi: Bearing in mind that a. He is able to pay you back, and b. He did for you so many favors!

2

Refer to 32:5:2:4*.

3

Seforno: See Bereishis, 1:26.

2)

Why is the 'Hei' big?

1.

Ba'al ha'Turim: 'Will you do this to Hashem who gave you the five Books of the Torah?!'

2.

Rosh (1): This shows that through it, the [hint to] the name of Moshe (who sang the Shirah) is completed (refer to 32:1:151:1).

3)

What is the difference between "Naval" and "Lo Chacham"?

1.

Rashi: 'Ungrateful' for forgetting the favors He did for you (Rosh


1

Da'as Zekenim, Rosh: "Lo Chacham"

4)

What is the meaning of "ha'Lo Hu Avicha Kanecha"?

1.

Rashi: 'Is he not your Father who established you - who settled you in a nest among the rocks and in a strong land, who fixed you with all kinds of fixtures'?

2.

Ramban #1: 'Is He not your Father who bore you and reared you, and who acquired you - by taking you from nothing and made you into something? 1

3.

Ramban #2 (on Pasuk 7, citing the Ibn Ezra): 'Is He not your father, who acquired you for His honor, and taught you like a father teaches his son?

4.

Seforno: 'He is not just a father who just by chance, granted you existence, but one who deliberately granted you an existence that enabled Him to achieve His will and ultimate goal 2 through you'.

5.

Rashbam: He acquired you when He redeemed you from the house of slaves.

6.

Targum Yonasan: Is He not your father who acquired you. 3

7.

Targum Onkelos: 'Is He not your Father, and you belong to Him. 4

8.

Mesilas Yesharim (Perek 19): A son naturally loves his father. His nature forces him!


1

Ramban: See Mishlei, 8:22 and Bereishis, 14:19.

2

Refer to 32:6:1:2.

3

Refer to 32:6:151:2.

4

Refer to 32:6:151:1,2.

5)

What are the connotations of "Hu Ascha, Vayechonenecha"?

1.

Rashi #1: 'He made you a nation among nations, after which He established you with a number of firm bases'.

2.

Rashi #2 (in his original manuscript): 'He made you with formed limbs and He established you; He placed inside you passage-ways - innards and intestines. 1

3.

Ramban: 'He is the Rock who made (created) you and prepared 2 you'.

4.

Seforno: He made you into a people and gave you the means to become His treasured nation.

5.

Targum Onkelos and Targum Yonasan: 'He created you and established you'.


1

See also Ba'al ha'Turim.

2

Ramban: As in Iyov, 31:15.

6)

Targum Yonasan writes that Hashem acquired you. From whom did He acquire you?

1.

Moshav Zekenim: Hashem appointed an angel over every nation. Yisrael fell to Micha'el. Hashem told him, sell your nation to Me, and I will make you a noble and Kohen in Shamayim, 1

2.

Kinyan (the act of acquiring) has connotations of taking ownership, not necessarily from a previous owner. 2


1

Moshav Zekenim: This is like it says in Daniel (10:21) that Micha'el is our Sar (angel). He is a Kohen

7)

How can the Targum say that "Naval" means that you accepted the Torah?! (The word means disgusting!)

1.

Ramban: Refer to 32:6:3:3*.

2.

Kol Eliyahu #1, citing Bereishis Rabah 17:5: There are three Novlos (matters with a semblance of something greater)


1

Our text of the Midrash adds that Noveles of the world to come is Shabbos, and Noveles of the Supreme light is the sun.

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