What is the translation of "Ha la'Shem Tigmelu Zos"?
Rashi and Targum Onkelos: 'Is it before Hashem that you are doing these things?' 1
Ramban (citing the Ibn Ezra): Refer to 32:9:1:2.
Why is the 'Hei' big?
Ba'al ha'Turim: 'Will you do this to Hashem who gave you the five Books of the Torah?!'
Rosh (1): This shows that through it, the [hint to] the name of Moshe (who sang the Shirah) is completed (refer to 32:1:151:1).
What is the difference between "Naval" and "Lo Chacham"?
Rashi: 'Ungrateful' for forgetting the favors He did for you (Rosh
Da'as Zekenim, Rosh: "Lo Chacham"
What is the meaning of "ha'Lo Hu Avicha Kanecha"?
Rashi: 'Is he not your Father who established you - who settled you in a nest among the rocks and in a strong land, who fixed you with all kinds of fixtures'?
Ramban #1: 'Is He not your Father who bore you and reared you, and who acquired you - by taking you from nothing and made you into something? 1
Ramban #2 (on Pasuk 7, citing the Ibn Ezra): 'Is He not your father, who acquired you for His honor, and taught you like a father teaches his son?
Seforno: 'He is not just a father who just by chance, granted you existence, but one who deliberately granted you an existence that enabled Him to achieve His will and ultimate goal 2 through you'.
Rashbam: He acquired you when He redeemed you from the house of slaves.
Targum Yonasan: Is He not your father who acquired you. 3
Targum Onkelos: 'Is He not your Father, and you belong to Him. 4
Mesilas Yesharim (Perek 19): A son naturally loves his father. His nature forces him!
What are the connotations of "Hu Ascha, Vayechonenecha"?
Rashi #1: 'He made you a nation among nations, after which He established you with a number of firm bases'.
Rashi #2 (in his original manuscript): 'He made you with formed limbs and He established you; He placed inside you passage-ways - innards and intestines. 1
Ramban: 'He is the Rock who made (created) you and prepared 2 you'.
Seforno: He made you into a people and gave you the means to become His treasured nation.
Targum Onkelos and Targum Yonasan: 'He created you and established you'.
Targum Yonasan writes that Hashem acquired you. From whom did He acquire you?
Moshav Zekenim: Hashem appointed an angel over every nation. Yisrael fell to Micha'el. Hashem told him, sell your nation to Me, and I will make you a noble and Kohen in Shamayim, 1
Kinyan (the act of acquiring) has connotations of taking ownership, not necessarily from a previous owner. 2
How can the Targum say that "Naval" means that you accepted the Torah?! (The word means disgusting!)