Why will the nations then sing the praises of Yisrael?
Rashi: Because as they well know, in spite of all the long and endless persecutions, Yisrael remained faithful and clung to Hakadosh-Baruch-Hu throughout never forsaking Him.
Seforno: The Pasuk means that both the nations and Yisrael should praise Hashem 3 - the nations should acknowledge that He is Just - and that there is no injustice in Him, and Yisrael should give thanks and the voice of song. 4
Da'as Zekenim, Hadar Zekenim (41), Rosh: They will say that Yisrael are fortunate, that Hashem punishes those who afflict them.
What is the meaning of "Ki Dam Avadav Yikom"?
Rashi, Targum Onkelos and Targum Yonasan: 'Because He will avenge the spilt blood of His (righteous
What are the two vengeances in the Pasuk?
Rashi: "Dam Avadav Yikom" is vengeance for the nations' murder of Yisraelim. "ve'Nakam Yashiv le'Tzarav" is for taking their property by force. 1
What is the meaning of "Vechiper Admaso Amo"?
Rashi: 'Hashem will appease His land and His people' 1 over all the Tzaros that they suffered at the hand of the enemy.
Rashbam, Hadar Zekenim and Riva: He will cleanse the blood of His people from the land, by spilling the blood of the enemy. 4 Rosh, Da'as Zekenim
QUESTIONS ON RASHI
Rashi writes that "v'Nakam Yashiv l'Tzarav" is vengeance for taking their property, like it says in Yo'el 4:19. That verse concludes "Asher Shafchu Dam Naki"!
Riva citing R. Tam of Orleans, from Bava Kama 119a: If one steals a Perutah, it is as if he takes the soul of his victim. The verse calls Chamas Bnei Yehudah murder