hebrew
1)

What are the connotations of "ha'Tzur Tamim Pa'alo"?

1.

Rashi: In spite of His Might, He does not bring punishments on those who transgress His will with force, but according to the outcome of the judgment - because His work is perfect.

2.

Ramban: 'Hashem's Midas ha'Din is perfect - Whatever emanates from Him is perfect and complete and will never change. 1

3.

Rashbam: 'When Hashem punishes, He is Righteous and correct - because you deserved it. 2

4.

Seforno: Refer to 32:3:1:5. 'And you know that Hashem is a Rock that does not change, and He is not incapable of saving you and is not hard of hearing (when you cry out to Him)'. 3

5.

Targum Yonasan: Moshe the Navi said 'When I ascended Har Sinai, I saw that the Master of the World, Hashem, had divided the day into four parts 4 : Three hours He studies Torah'. 5

6.

Rosh (1): The angel of death came to take Moshe. Moshe said, go away


1

Refer also to 32:4:2:1.

2

Rashbam: As the Torah indicates in Pasuk15.

3

Refer also to 32:4:2:2.

4

Refer also to 34:4:2:3.

5

See Na'ar Yonasan.

6

Refer to 34:5:151:1.

7

Moshe already knew that he will die that day (Rashi, 31:2)! Perhaps he hoped to die later in the day. We have a tradition that he died at the time of Minchah (Rosh Pesachim 10:13); Sifri implies that it was in the middle of the day (refer to 32:48:1:1 - PF).

2)

What are the connotations of "Ki Chol Derachav Mishpat"?

1.

Ramban: Refer to 32:4:1:2. 'Because all his ways are Mercy'. 1

2.

Seforno: Refer to 32:4:1:4. 'Nor should you ascribe to Hashem injustice, since you also know from experience that His works are perfect, that one cannot add or subtract from them - His ways of goodness and His Midas ha'Din are all just beyond a shadow of doubt.

3.

Targum Yonasan: Refer to 32:4:3:3. 'Three hours He carries out justice'.

4.

Mesilas Yesharim (Perek 4): Since Hashem desires justice, everyone is paid for his good and bad deeds with ultimate precision. There is judgment for everything. There is no escape!


1

See R. Chavel's footnotes.

3)

What are the implications of "Keil Emunah"?

1.

Rashi: He is a trustworthy G-d who can be relied upon to pay the Tzadikim for their righteousness in the world to come - even though He delays their remuneration, He will ultimately make His words come true.

2.

Seforno: Hashem can be relied upon to carry out the promises that He swore to the Avos - that He would do good to their children on their merit.

3.

Targum Yonasan: Refer to 32:4:2:3. 'Three hours He pairs off men and women' 1


1

See Na'ar Yonasan. Refer also to 32:4:4:4.

4)

What are the implications of "ve'Ein Avel"?

1.

Rashi #1: To the Resha'im too, He pays the reward for their good deeds in this world.

2.

Rashi #2 (in Ta'anis, 11a): Hashem does not do anything without true judgment and righteousness.

3.

Seforno: 'There is no injustice wen He brings punishment on the sinners.

4.

Targum Yonasan 1 : Refer to 32:4:3:3. He raises those who are low and lowers those who are high. 2


1

Refer to 32:4:3:3.

2

See Na'ar Yonasan. Refer also to 32:4:5:4.

5)

What is the correct translation of "Tzadik ve'Yashar Hu"?

1.

Rashi #1: 'He is Righteous and it is the right thing to do to declare His righteousness'. 1

2.

Rashi #2 (Ta'anis, 11a): He carries out Din on the Tzadikim to punish them in this world and gives right to the wicked to pay all their good deeds in this world. 2

3.

Seforno: He loves righteousness, and in His righteousness He will not forsake His people - and He will not withhold the reward of any creature.

4.

Targum Onkelos and Targum Yonasan #1:'He is righteous and upright'.

5.

Targum Yonasan 3 #2: Refer to 32:4:4:4. And three hours He sustains the world.

6.

Hadar Zekenim (3): Even though He took vengeance against Yisrael before the nations that subjugated them, His judgment is righteous. He is Yashar (pays reward) to those who do His will.


1

See also Ba'al ha'Turim.

2

Rashi: To drive them out of the world to come.

3

With reference to 32:4:4:4.

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