hebrew
1)

Who said "Ki Lo ke'Tzureinu Tzuram"? What does it mean?

1.

Rashi and Ramban: Moshe is commenting that all this the enemy ought to have realized - that until now, their gods were helpless against our G-d. 1 It must be that Hashem delivered us to them, so they should not attribute their victory to themselves and to their gods', 2 and that He is more powerful and capable of helping and rescuing (Yisrael) than their god. 3

2.

Targum Yonasan: Moshe is testifying that the Rock of Yisrael, who punishes them when they sin, and when they spread out their hands in prayer, He answers them and rescues them, is not like the god of the nations who is helpless.


1

Da'as Zekenim, Hadar Zekenim (27), Rosh (27): As long as we served Him, Hashem judged (punished) them and their gods!

2

Ramban; Moreover, it should have occurred to them that, seeing as they all sinned more than Yisrael, Hashem will ultimately bring upon them the same fate.

3

See Ramban.

2)

What are the connotations of "ve'Oyveinu Pelilim"?

1.

Rashi and Rashbam: 'And now our enemies, (who judge and punish us - Rashbam) are our judges. 1

2.

Ramban: The nations should realize that initially, their enemy [Yisrael] judged (punished) them as they pleased, and now, a thousand of them flee when one of them (the nations) shouts 'boo!' 2

3.

Seforno: 'And our enemies are deep thinkers (intelligent)'. 3

4.

Targum Yonasan: 'And it is because we sinned before Him and did not return to serve Him that our enemies became our witnesses and our judges'.


1

Thereby raising the esteem of their gods. Refer to Sh'mos, 21:1:4:1**.

2

Ramban: It must be because their G-d placed fear into their hearts, so that they flee even when nobody is chasing them.

3

Refer to 32:32:2:3.

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