hebrew
1)

What is the meaning of the word "Lulei"?

1.

Rashi and Rashbam: It means 'If not'. 1


1

Rashi: As if the Torah had written 'Im Lo'.

2)

What are the connotations of "Lulei Ka'as Oyev Agur"?

1.

Rashi, Rashbam, Rosh, Da'as Zekenim, Hadar Zekenim, Targum Onkelos and Targum Yonasan: 'Were it not for the fact that the anger of the enemy was pent up [against them to destroy them], and if they triumph, they will attribute it to themselves and to their gods'.

3)

What is the gist of the end of the Pasuk?

1.

Rashi, Rashbam, Rosh, Da'as Zekenim, Hadar Zekenim, Targum Onkelos and Targum Yonasan: 'Lest the enemy claim falsely (boast - Targum Onkelos and Targum Yonasan) and attribute their victory to themselves and to their god, lest they raise their hand in triumph and deny that it was the work of Hashem'. 1

2.

Seforno: 'Lest they entice the remnant of Yisrael to be like them, lest they say to them that their hand is raised to destroy Yisrael as a nation, and that they should not rely on Hashem to save them, since it was not He who brought about the current situation but they'. 2


1

Ramban (on Pasuk 26): The Pasuk is explaining why Hashem did not leave Yisrael in Galus forever

4)

What is the basic reason for the forthcoming redemption from Galus Edom?

1.

Ramban: Refer to 32:27:3:1*. This is not merely to demonstrate to Hashem's enemies His superior strength, but because He created man in this world in order that he recognize his Creator and to express his gratitude to His Name. 1 It is because, when all the other nations sinned and denied Hashem, only Yisrael remained for mankind to fulfill its mission. Consequently, it is by means of miracles and wonders that He performs with them that He makes known to all the nations that He is the God od gods and the Master of Masters; and if Yisrael's would be forgotten by them, they would not acknowledge His miracles and wonders, ascribing them to the stars and constellations - and the whole purpose of the creation would be negated. 2

2.

Seforno: Refer to 32:27:3:2.


1

See last Mishnah in Avos.

2

Ramban: And that is why Hashem saw fit to permanently establish Yisrael as His people, since they are the only nation from among all the nations of the world who are close to Him and who know Him.

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