hebrew
1)

What are the connotations of "mi'Chutz Teshakel Cherev"?

1.

Rashi #1: 'Outside the city the sword of the brigands bereaves'.

2.

Rashi #2: 'The sword bereaves due to the sins that they committed outside'. 1

3.

Targum Yonasan: 'The plague of the sword will cut down those who are outside Eretz Yisrael, 2 (who have gone into Galus).


1

Rashi: As the Pasuk writes in Yirmiyah.11:13 "You set up as many altars to the shameful idol (Ba'al) as the number of streets in Yerushalayim.

2

Refer to 32:24:6:1. See also Na'ar Yonasan.

2)

What are the connotations of "u'me'Chadarim Eimah"?

1.

Rashi #1: 'And when someone escapes from sword, the walls of his heart pound from dread - and this leads to his death'.

2.

Rashi #2 (citing Onkelos): 'Whereas inside his house there exists the dread of pestilence. 1

3.

Rashi #3: And there is dread due to the sins that they committed in their innermost rooms. 2

4.

Seforno: And in the rooms (of their houses) terror will cut down the boys and girls.

5.

Targum Yonasan: Whereas those who remain in Eretz Yisrael in their bedrooms I will arouse in them the fear of death, which, like the sword in Chutz la'Aretz, will cause their death.


1

Rashi: See Yirmiyah, 9:20.

2

Rashi: As the Pasuk writes in Yechezkel, 8:12: 'Have you seen what the elders of the House of Yisrael do in the darkness - each man in his paved room!?'

3)

What is the significance of 'the boys and the girls, the babies and the old men'?

1.

Rashi (in Divrei Hayamim 2, 36:17): When armies defeat their enemies, they generally have compassion on old people, on young boys and young girls. 1 Not so Nevuchadnetzar, King of Bavel. 2

2.

Hadar Zekenim: Also bachelors and virgins sitting in the room will not esacpe. 3


1

Refer also to 32:19:1:1*.

2

As the Pasuk testifies there and as the Pasuk here already predicts.

3

I.e. even youths who can run quickly, and can flee alone (they do not have children), will not escape. (PF)

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