hebrew
1)

What is the translation of "M'zei Ra'av"?

1.

Rashi (citing Targum Onkelos): Bloated by famine.

2.

Rashi (citing R. Moshe ha'Darshan): Covered with hair from hunger. 1

3.

Rashbam: Empty 2 due to the famine.

4.

Da'as Zekenim: Shriveled due to hunger.

5.

Targum Yonasan: They will be afflicted by people of Agag's house (Haman) who are compared to demons bloated by famine.


1

Rashi: As in Megilah, 18a.

2

Rashbam: As in Chulin, 45b.

2)

What is the translation of "Lechumei Reshef"?

1.

Rashi #1: 'Embattled by the demons'. 1

2.

Rashi #2 (in his original manuscript): 'A fever in the bones'. 2

3.

Rashbam: 'Hail and fire from the sky. 3

4.

Da'as Zekenim, Hadar Zekenim, Rosh: [They will be] embattled with coals and burning. Rosh


1

Rashi: As in Iyov, 5:7, and as in Tehilim 76:4, 91:5 - Rashbam.

2

Rashi: As in Shir ha'Shirim, 8:6.

3

Rashbam: As in Shir ha'Shirim, 8:6.

3)

What is the translation of "Ketev Meriri"?

1.

Rashi #1: 'Cutting off 1 by a demon called 'Meriri' 2 .

2.

Rashi #2 (in Iyov, 3:4): 'Demon that tuless at midday. 3

3.

Rashbam: Hacked to pieces by robbers 4 who embitter 5 people and kill them.

4.

Targum Onkelos and Targum Yonasan: 'Smitten by evil spirits'.


1

Rashi: As in Hoshe'a 13:14.

2

Da'as Zekenim, Rosh: There is one demon that strikes in the morning, and another in the afternoon.

3

Rashi (Ibid.): See Tehilim, 91:6.

4

Rashbam: As in Tehilim, 91:6 and in Tzefanyah, 2:4.

5

Rashbam: From the root 'Mar' - See Rashbam.

4)

Since when do Beheimos bite?

1.

Rashi: It actually happened once that sheep bit and killed. 1

2.

Targum Onkelos: "Beheimos" in this instance refers to wild beasts.

3.

Targum Yonasan: "Beheimos" in this instance refers to Nochrim, who bite like wild beasts.


1

See Rashi in Bechukosai, Vayikra, 26, 22, who cites two cases that occurred in Eretyz Yisrael, where a donkey and a wild ass killed with their bite.

5)

What are "Zochalei-Afar"?

1.

Rashi: They are snakes 1 that crawl on their bellies on the ground. 2

2.

Targum Yonasan: Refer to 32:24:6:1.


1

Refer to 32:24:6:1.

2

Rashi: Like water that is Zochel (flows) along the ground.

6)

Which eras is this Pasuk referring to?

1.

Targum Yonasan: Refer to 32:23:1:4*. The first half of the Pasuk refers to the exile to Madai and Eilam, who took over from Bavel; 1 the second half to Edom 2 who are full of venom like snakes that crawl in the dust. 3


1

Where they suffered hunger and from illnesses- See Na'ar Yonasan.

2

See Na'ar Yonasan.

3

The Pasuk has now hinted at all four exiles. See also Ba'al ha'Turim on Pasuk 22.

7)

What does "Ashalach bam" mean?

1.

Rashi (in Sh'mos, 8:17): It means 'I will incite against them'.

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