What are "Chem'as Bakar" and "Chalev Tzon "?
Rashbam: It refers to a land flowing with milk to drink and a lot of meat to eat.
Targum Onkelos: They are the spoils of kings and rulers.
Targum Yonasan: They are butter of the fat oxen from the spoils of their kings and milk from the choice sheep from the booty of their rulers.
Hadar Zekenim (on Pasuk 13): They wanted to eat only this.
What are "Cheilev Karim" and "Eilim B'nei Bashan"?
Rashi: They are lamb and rams from Bashan, which are fat. 1
Rashbam: They are rams fattened in the pasture, and [S'tam] rams from Bashan, which are fat. 2
Targum Onkelos: It is the wealth of their princes and their strong men, the inhabitants of their lands and their camps.
Targum Yonasan: They are lambs rams and kid-goats from the fat flocks of Bashan
Da'as Zekenim, Hadar Zekenim (on Pasuk 13), Rosh: They are the choicest lambs and rams. This is like "Chelev ha'Aretz" (Bereishis 45:18).
What are "Cheilev Kilyos Chitah"?
Rashi and Targum Yonasan: They are kernels of wheat that are fatty like Cheilev, and as big as kidneys 1 (if they keep the Mitzvos of the Torah - Targum Yonason).
Rashbam: It is the fat of choice wheat-kernels. 2
Targum Onkelos: It is the wealth of the inhabitants of their lands and their camps.
Da'as Zekenim, Hadar Zekenim (on Pasuk 13) and Rosh: They are actual kidneys. They are called wheat, because kidneys have a groove, like wheat kernels.
What is the definition of "Chamer"?
Rashi #1: "Chamer" is wine'. 1
Rashi #2: Anything of superb taste is called "Chamer". 2
Targum Yonasan: A Chomer is a Kur (thirty Sa'ah). Moshe announced that if they will observe the Mitzvos, Einav (one grape) will produce a Kur of wine. 3
Seforno: It is grape-juice, which is ready to drink with minimal preparation. In this way they were sustained painlessly. 4
Targum Yonasan: 'Moshe prophesied that if Yisrael will keep the Mitzvos of the Torah, their wheat-kernels will be the size of an ox-kidney and one grape will produce as much as a Kur od wine.
Seforno: Which Hashem orchestrated so that they should have time to engage in Torah and Mitzvos.
Why does the Torah refer to 'Chomer' as "Dam Einav"?
Targum Onkelos: Because it refers to the blood [of the mighty men of their opponents in war. It flowed like water.]
Targum Yonason: It refers to the wine from one grape. Refer to 32:14:4:3.
Seforno: It is grape-juice. Refer to 32:14:4:4 and the note there.
Da'as Zekenim, Hadar Zekenim (on Pasuk 13) and Rosh: The wine is red like blood. This is good for wine
Why does the Torah describe the kernels of wheat as "Kilyos Chitah" and why does it write "Einav" in the singular?
Rashbam: Refer to 32:14:5:2.
Targum Yonasan: Moshe Rabeinu announced that if Yisrael will observe the Mitzvos of the Torah, the kernels of wheat will grow to the size of kidneys and one grape will produce a Kur (thirty Sa'ah) of wine.
Why does the Torah refer to wine as "Dam Einav"?