hebrew
1)

What are "Chem'as Bakar" and "Chalev Tzon "?

1.

Rashi: They are the cream that is skimmed from the milk of cattle, and milk of goats and sheep. 1 This came true in the era of Shlomo ha'Melech (Melachim 1, 5:3).

2.

Rashbam: It refers to a land flowing with milk to drink and a lot of meat to eat.

3.

Targum Onkelos: They are the spoils of kings and rulers.

4.

Targum Yonasan: They are butter of the fat oxen from the spoils of their kings and milk from the choice sheep from the booty of their rulers.


1

Hadar Zekenim (on Pasuk 13): They wanted to eat only this.

2)

What are "Cheilev Karim" and "Eilim B'nei Bashan"?

1.

Rashi: They are lamb and rams from Bashan, which are fat. 1

2.

Rashbam: They are rams fattened in the pasture, and [S'tam] rams from Bashan, which are fat. 2

3.

Targum Onkelos: It is the wealth of their princes and their strong men, the inhabitants of their lands and their camps.

4.

Targum Yonasan: They are lambs rams and kid-goats from the fat flocks of Bashan

5.

Da'as Zekenim, Hadar Zekenim (on Pasuk 13), Rosh: They are the choicest lambs and rams. This is like "Chelev ha'Aretz" (Bereishis 45:18).


1

Rashi: This came to fruition in the era of the Ten Tribes. See Amos, 10:4.

2

Rashbam: As in Yeshayah, 30:22 and in Tehilim, 65:14.

3)

What are "Cheilev Kilyos Chitah"?

1.

Rashi and Targum Yonasan: They are kernels of wheat that are fatty like Cheilev, and as big as kidneys 1 (if they keep the Mitzvos of the Torah - Targum Yonason).

2.

Rashbam: It is the fat of choice wheat-kernels. 2

3.

Targum Onkelos: It is the wealth of the inhabitants of their lands and their camps.

4.

Da'as Zekenim, Hadar Zekenim (on Pasuk 13) and Rosh: They are actual kidneys. They are called wheat, because kidneys have a groove, like wheat kernels.


1

Rashi: This came to fruition n the era of Shlomo ha'Melech. See Melachim 1, 5:2.

2

Rashbam: As in Shmuel 2, 13:39 and in Tehilim, 84:3, 73:26.

4)

What is the definition of "Chamer"?

1.

Rashi #1: "Chamer" is wine'. 1

2.

Rashi #2: Anything of superb taste is called "Chamer". 2

3.

Targum Yonasan: A Chomer is a Kur (thirty Sa'ah). Moshe announced that if they will observe the Mitzvos, Einav (one grape) will produce a Kur of wine. 3

4.

Seforno: It is grape-juice, which is ready to drink with minimal preparation. In this way they were sustained painlessly. 4


1

Rashbam: As in Yechezkel, 41:13.

2

Rashi: This came to fruition in the era of the Ten Tribes. See Amos, 6:6.

3

Targum Yonasan: 'Moshe prophesied that if Yisrael will keep the Mitzvos of the Torah, their wheat-kernels will be the size of an ox-kidney and one grape will produce as much as a Kur od wine.

4

Seforno: Which Hashem orchestrated so that they should have time to engage in Torah and Mitzvos.

5)

Why does the Torah refer to 'Chomer' as "Dam Einav"?

1.

Targum Onkelos: Because it refers to the blood [of the mighty men of their opponents in war. It flowed like water.]

2.

Targum Yonason: It refers to the wine from one grape. Refer to 32:14:4:3.

3.

Seforno: It is grape-juice. Refer to 32:14:4:4 and the note there.

4.

Da'as Zekenim, Hadar Zekenim (on Pasuk 13) and Rosh: The wine is red like blood. This is good for wine

6)

Why does the Torah describe the kernels of wheat as "Kilyos Chitah" and why does it write "Einav" in the singular?

1.

Rashbam: Refer to 32:14:5:2.

2.

Targum Yonasan: Moshe Rabeinu announced that if Yisrael will observe the Mitzvos of the Torah, the kernels of wheat will grow to the size of kidneys and one grape will produce a Kur (thirty Sa'ah) of wine.

7)

Why does the Torah refer to wine as "Dam Einav"?

1.

Seforno: Refer to 32:13:3:1. It is referring to grape-juice that is ready to drink with minimal preparation. In this way they were sustained painlessly. 1


1

Seforno: Which Hashem orchestrated so that they should have time to indulge in Torah and Mitzvos.

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