hebrew
1)

What is "Yimtza'eihu be'Eretz Midbar referring to"?

1.

Rashi #1: 'Hashem found the faithful in the desert, when they accepted His Torah, His Kingship and His yoke. 1

2.

Rashi #2 (citing Targum Onkelos): 'He provided their needs in a desert land'. 2

3.

Seforno: Hashem found the hearts of His choosen portion faithful in ht desert. 3

4.

Targum Yonasan: 'He came across them encamped in a desert land'.

5.

Da'as Zekenim: Yisrael found a great Metzi'ah in the Midbar


1

Rashi: Which Yishmael and the inhabitants of Se'ir declined to do, as hinted in Devarim 33:2.

2

Refer to 32:7:3:3.

3

As the Pasuk testifies in Yirmiyah, 2:2.

2)

What is the meaning of "ve'Sohu Yeleil Yeshimon"? What is it referring to?

1.

Rashi: 'The howling of the serpents and the ostriches in a desolate land' - Even there they proved faithful, They followed Moshe into the desert and did not query the choice of location'. 1

2.

Targum Onkelos: 'And in a place where there is thirst, because there is no water'.

3.

Targum Yonasan: 'A place where demons and spirits howl.

4.

Da'as Zekenim: Before the Torah was given, the world was dark and desolate (like "Sohu va'Vohu"


1

Rashi: As the Pasuk testifies in Yirmiyah, 2:2.

3)

What did Hashem surround them with?

1.

Rashi #1: He surrounded them with (the seven - Targum Yonasan) clouds of glory 1 (and with four camps in all four directions and underneath the Mountain, which He held above their heads [at the time of Matan Torah].

2.

Rashi #2 (citing Targum Onkelos): He encamped them around His Shechinah' - the Ohel Mo'ed in the middle and the four camps on all four sides.

3.

Rashbam: He surrounded them with angels who protected them. 2 .

4.

Seforno: It refers to the fencing off of Har Sinai. 3


1

See Rashbam.

2

Rashbam: As in Tehilim, 34:8.

3

Seforno: As in Shemos 19:12.

4)

What is the meaning of "Yevonenehu"?

1.

Rashi: He gave them to understand Torah and knowledge.

2.

Seforno: He gave them to understand Torah and Mitzvos. 1

3.

Da'as Zekenim, Hadar Zekenim, Rosh: This is an expression of Binyan (building) and understanding. He gave to them [understanding in] Torah, and built the Mishkan among them.


1

As in Devarim 24:12.

5)

What did Hashem guard them against?

1.

Rashi: He guarded them against snakes, fiery serpents, scorpions and the nations.

2.

Rashbam: "Yitzrenhu" is a repetition of "Yesovevenhu" (He surrounded them)..

3.

Seforno: 'He guarded them against the subjection of Egypt and of the nations and against the Angel of Death. 1

4.

Da'as Zekenim: He guarded them from the nations, and Amalek.


1

Seforno, citing Eruvin, 54a, commenting on the Pasuk in Sh'mos (32:16) "Charus al ha'Luchos".

6)

What is the "Ishon Eino"?

1.

Rashi: It is the black of the eye 1 (the pupil) from which light (vision) emanates.

2.

Rashbam, Hadar Zekenim, Rosh and Seforno: It is the eyelid. 2


1

See Sifsei Chachamim.

2

Rashbam: Which is called 'Ishon' becuase it darkens it. Da'as Zekenim, Rosh

7)

Whose eye is the Pasuk referring to?

1.

Ramban: With reference to the "Hu" in "Yitzrenhu", it means that Hashem guards them like they guard their eyes. Alternatively, it is as if the Torah had added the word "ke'Ish" - 'Hashem guards them like a man guards the pupil of his eye.'

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