What is the significance of the fact that here "the Tzidonim called Chermon Siryon and the Emori, Snir", whereas later (in 4:48), the Torah refers to it as 'Si'on'?


Rashi: It teaches us that all different nationalities boasted that they owned a part of Eretz Yisrael 1 by claiming that its real name was the one by which they called it. 2


Ramban: The current Pasuk is describing the names that the Tzidonim 3 (the original residents of Har Chermon) and the Emori (the current residents) attached to Har Chermon. 4


Rashi (citing Targum Onkelos) and Ramban (citing the Sifri) and Targum Yonasan: "S'nir" actually means snow - bearing in mind that the Chermon is snowcapped all the year round. In fact, it seems that the other names are also corruptions of "S'nir" (See Ramban) (and that the word for 'snow' in many modern languages - including English - is similar to it).


Ramban: In fact, 'Chermon is a nickname by which it was called because, due to the extreme cold, people tend to avoid going there - as if it was in Cheirem. See also Targum Yonasan, who connects 'Si'on' to the word 'Meisir; (sheds), because the trees that grow on Har Chermon shed their fruit (See Peirush Yonasan and Na'ar Yonasan).


Ramban: The Bechor of Kena'an (See Bereishis 10:15).


Refer to 3:9:1:1**. Se also Ramban, who elaborates.

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