What are the connotations of "Hashem Elokim"?
Rashi and Ramban #2 (citing Sifri): It implies 'Merciful in judgment'. 1
Ramban #!: Master (Adon-ai - spelt 'Alef Daled Nun Yud') who possesses the Midah of Rachamim (Elokim - spelt 'Yud Hey Vav Hey'). 2
See Ramban's objection to this explanation, based on the spelling of the word "Hashem" (Refer to 3:24:1:2). Quoting the same Sifri as Rashi, he finally interprets the Pasuk like Rashi, but in the reverse order (in keeping with the vowels) - in which case the first Name is that of Rachamim and the second, one, of Din (See also Sifsei Chachamim).
See Ramban, citing Yalmedeinu.
What gave Moshe the idea to Daven to enter Eretz Yisrael, even though the decree had been issued?
Rashi: Moshe is saying here that he learned it from the opening that Hashem had made for him when, following the sin of the Golden Calf, He said to him "ve'Atah Hanichah Li", implying that it was up to Moshe to Daven and save Yisrael. 1
Rashi's proof is not clear however, since there Hashem had not yet decreed the punishment?
What did Moshe mean when he said "Atah Hachilaso Lehar'os es Avd'cha"?
Rashi #1: He meant that he took his cue to Daven from the opening that Hashem made for him. Refer to 3:24:2:1.
Rashi #2: He was requesting that, having begun to show Moshe the battles against Sichon and Og, would He not also show him the battles against the thirty-one kings (of Cana'an).
Ramban: He was referring to his first prophesy (at the Burning Bush), where Hashem revealed to him His Divine Glory 1 and where He showwed him His that there is 'none like Him in Heaven and on earth'.
Ramban: See Sh'mos, 3:6.
What are the implications of "God'l'cha"?
Rashi: It implies Hashem's Midah of goodness (Chesed). 1
Seforno: 'To change the nature of the creations that cannot be destroyed, 2 which nobody but Hashem is able to do.
And which hand is "Yadcha" referring to?
Rashi: It is referring to the right hand which is stretched out to everybody.
Then why does he describe it as "ha'Chazakah"?
Rashi: What Moshe means is that Hashem quashes the powerful Midas ha'Din with Rachamim.
Why did Moshe add "asher Mi Keil ba'Shamayim u'va'Aretz "?
Rashi: Unlike human kings, 1 who have advisors and prosecutors, 2 who insist that he carries out Din to the letter of the law, Hashem reigns Supreme, and if He wants to perform Chesed with the guilty, there is no-one to stop Him.