hebrew
1)

What is the La'av of "Lo Sasgir Eved el Adonav" referring to?

1.

Rashi #1 (citing Targum Onkelos), Ramban #1 and Targum Yonasan: It refers to handing back even if they offer you money - Ramban) the Eved of a Nochri who runs away from his master and comes to you for asylum. 1

2.

Rashi #2 and Ramban #2 (both citing Gitin, 45a): It refers even to the Eved Cana'ani of a Yisrael who runs away from his Jewish master in Chutz la'Aretz and comes to you for asylum in Eretz Yisrael.


1

Ramban: Provided he undertakes to discontinue worshipping idols. See also Sifsei Chachamim and refer to 23:17:1:1.

2)

Why is it forbidden to return the Eved to his master?

1.

Ramban #1 and Targum Yonasan: Because he wants to give up idolatry and came to us in order to serve Hashem. 1 Consequently, it is not correct to send him back to his master to worship idols.

2.

Ramban #2: Because by taking him under our wing, it is possible that he will divulge secrets 2 regarding the enemy that will enable us to defeat them. 3


1

Refer to 23:17:1:1.

2

Ramban: As we find that many a country was captured thanks to the information provided by slaves who fled from their masters or by captives (See for example, Shmuel 1, 30:13 - 17).

3

See R. Chavel's notes.

3)

What is the connection between the previous Parshah and the two current Parshiyos?

1.

Seforno: These are two issues that commonly occur in wartime - 1. that Avadim escape from the camp and flee to the other side to ask for asylum, 1 and 2. that prostitutes are commonly found in the camp among the troops. 2


1

See also Ramban.

2

Refer also to 21:13:1:1.

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